France had previously played in two European Championship finals, winning against Spain in 1984 on home soil, and via golden goal against Italy in the Netherlands in 2000. Portugal had played in one prior final, losing to Greece in their own country in 2004.
The two teams had previously met 24 times, starting in 1926 when France won 4–2 in Toulouse. Before the final, France had won 18 of those meetings, Portugal 5, and one draw. Portugal's last victory was in a 1975 friendly in France, after which France won all ten of the subsequent meetings. All three of their competitive meetings – in the semi-finals of Euro 1984, Euro 2000, and the 2006 FIFA World Cup – had been French victories.