UEFA Euro 2012

UEFA Euro 2012 official logo
Tournament details
Host countries Poland
 Ukraine
Dates8 June – 1 July
Teams16
Venue(s)(in 8 host cities)
Final positions
Champions Spain (3rd title)
Runner-up Italy
Tournament statistics
Matches played31
Goals scored76 (2.45 per match)
Attendance1,440,896 (46,481 per match)
Top scorer(s)Flag of Croatia Mario Mandžukić
Flag of Germany Mario Gómez
Flag of Italy Mario Balotelli
Flag of Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo
Flag of Russia Alan Dzagoev
Flag of Spain Fernando Torres
(3 goals each)
Best playerFlag of Spain Andrés Iniesta
2008
2016

The 2012 UEFA European Championship, commonly referred to as Euro 2012, was the 14th European Championship for men's national football teams organised by UEFA. The final tournament, held between 8 June and 1 July 2012, was hosted for the first time by Poland and Ukraine, and was won by Spain, who beat Italy 4–0 in the final at the Olympic Stadium in Kiev, Ukraine.

Poland and Ukraine's bid was chosen by UEFA's Executive Committee in 2007. The two host teams qualified automatically while the remaining 14 finalists were decided through a qualifying competition, featuring 51 teams, from August 2010 to November 2011. This was the last European Championship to employ the 16-team finals format in use since 1996; from Euro 2016 onward, it will be expanded to 24 finalists. Euro 2012 was played at eight venues, four in each host country. Five new stadiums were built for the tournament, and the hosts invested heavily in improving infrastructure such as railways and roads at UEFA's request. Euro 2012 set attendance records for the 16-team format, for the highest aggregate attendance (1,440,896) and average per game (46,481).

Spain became the first team to win two consecutive European Championships, and also three straight major tournaments (Euro 2008, 2010 World Cup and Euro 2012). Spain had already gained entry to the 2013 Confederations Cup by winning the 2010 World Cup, so runners-up Italy also qualified. As at Euro 2008 in Austria and Switzerland, both 2012 host nations were eliminated in the group stage.

Bid process

The hosting of the event was initially contested by five bids representing seven countries: Croatia–Hungary, Greece, Italy, Poland–Ukraine, and Turkey. After an initial consideration of the bid data in 2005 by UEFA both the Greek and Turkish bids were eliminated from the process to leave three candidates. This was followed by a second round of the selection process which among other included visits by UEFA to all candidates. On 18 April 2007, the Poland–Ukraine bid was chosen by a vote of the UEFA Executive Committee at a meeting in Cardiff.

Poland–Ukraine became the third successful joint bid for the European Championship, after those of Belgium–Netherlands (2000) and Austria–Switzerland (2008). Their bid received an absolute majority of votes, and was therefore announced the winner, without requiring a second round. Italy, which received the remaining votes, had been considered favourites to win the hosting, but incidents of fan violence and a match fixing scandal were widely cited as factors behind their failure.

There were some later alterations from the initial bid plan, regarding the venues, before UEFA confirmed the eight host cities in 2009. During the preparation process in Poland and Ukraine, UEFA repeatedly expressed concern about their preparation to host the event, with different candidates reported as being alternative hosts if they did not improve; however, in the end, UEFA affirmed their selection.

Qualification

Main article: UEFA Euro 2012 qualifying

The draw for the UEFA Euro 2012 qualifying competition took place in Warsaw on 7 February 2010. Fifty-one teams entered to compete for the fourteen remaining places in the finals, alongside co-hosts Poland and Ukraine. The teams were divided into nine groups, with the draw using the new UEFA national team coefficient for the first time in order to determine the seedings. As defending champions, Spain was automatically top seeded. The qualifying process began in August 2010 and concluded in November 2011. At the conclusion of the qualifying group stage in October 2011, the nine group winners qualified automatically, along with the highest ranked second placed team. The remaining eight second placed teams contested two-legged play-offs, and the four winners qualified for the finals.

Twelve of the sixteen finalists participated at the previous tournament in 2008. England and Denmark made their return to the Euro, having last participated in 2004, while Republic of Ireland returned after a twenty-four year absence to make their second appearance at a European Championship. One of the co-hosts, Ukraine, made their debut as an independent nation (before 1992 Ukraine participated as part of the Soviet Union). With the exception of Serbia – according to UEFA's ranking at the end of the qualifying stage – Europe's sixteen highest-ranked teams all qualified for the tournament.

Qualified teams

The following sixteen teams qualified for the finals:

Country Qualified as Qualified on Previous appearances in tournament
 Poland Co-hosts 18 April 2007 1 (2008)
 Ukraine Co-hostsA 18 April 2007A 0 (debut)
 Germany2 Group A winner 2 September 2011 A10 (1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008)
 Russia3 Group B winner 11 October 2011 9 (1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2004, 2008)
 Italy Group C winner 6 September 2011 7 (1968, 1980, 1988, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008)
 France Group D winner 11 October 2011A 7A (1960, 1984, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008)
 Netherlands Group E winner 6 September 2011A 8 (1976, 1980, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008)
 Greece Group F winner 11 October 2011B 3 (1980, 2004, 2008)
 England Group G winner 7 October 2011 7B (1968, 1980, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004)
 Denmark Group H winner 11 October 2011C 7C (1964, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004)
 Spain Group I winner 6 September 2011B 8A (1964, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008)
 Sweden HBest runner-up 11 October 2011D 4 (1992, 2000, 2004, 2008)
 Croatia Play-off winner 15 November 2011 3A (1996, 2004, 2008)
 Czech Republic4 Play-off winnerA 15 November 2011A 7D (1960, 1976, 1980, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008)
 Portugal Play-off winnerB 15 November 2011B 5A (1984, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008)
 Republic of Ireland Play-off winnerC 15 November 2011C 1A (1988)
1 Bold indicates champion for that year. Italics indicate (co-)host.
2 from 1972–88, Germany competed in the European Championship final tournament as West Germany
3 from 1960–88, Russia competed in the European Championship final tournament as the Soviet Union and in 1992 as the Commonwealth of Independent States
4 from 1960–80, Czech Republic competed in the European Championship final tournament as Czechoslovakia

Final draw

The draw for the final tournament took place on 2 December 2011 at the Ukraine Palace of Arts in Kiev, Ukraine. The hour-long ceremony was hosted by Olga Freimut and Piotr Sobczyński, television presenters from the two host countries.

As was the case for the 2004 and 2008 finals, the sixteen finalists were divided into four seeding pots, using the [EFA national team coefficient ranking. The pot allocations were based on the UEFA national team coefficient rankings of the sixteen finalists at the end of the qualifying competition in November 2011. Each nation's coefficient was generated by calculating:

Aside from the coefficient, three teams were automatically placed in Pot 1. Ukraine and Poland were both assigned to Pot 1 as the two host nations, despite the fact that their rankings were the two lowest in the tournament; this also occurred in 2008 when the co-hosts Switzerland and Austria were also ranked below all other qualified teams. As defending champions, Spain were also automatically assigned to Pot 1, though their UEFA ranking at the time of the draw was coincidentally also the best.

In the draw procedure, one team from each pot was drawn into each of the four groups. The draw also determined which place in the group teams in pots 2–4 would take (e.g. A2, A3 or A4) to create the match schedule. With Poland were automatically assigned in advance to A1, and Ukraine to D1, Pot 1 only had two teams as Spain and the Netherlands were to be drawn into position one in either group B or C. The balls were drawn by four former players who had each been part of European Championship winning teams: Horst Hrubesch, Marco van Basten, Peter Schmeichel and Zinedine Zidane.

Pot 1
Team Coeff Rank
 Spain2 43,116 1
 Netherlands 40,860 2
Pot 2
Team Coeff Rank
 Germany 40,446 3
 Italy 34,357 4
 England 33,563 5
 Russia 33,212 6
Pot 3
Team Coeff Rank
 Croatia 33,003 7
 Greece 32,455 8
 Portugal 31,717 9
 Sweden 31,675 10
Pot 4
Team Coeff Rank
 Denmark 31,205 11
 France 30,508 12
 Czech Republic 29,602 13
 Republic of Ireland 28,576 14
1 Co-hosts Poland (coefficient 23,806, rank 28) and Ukraine (coefficient 28,029, rank 15) were automatically assigned to A1 and D1, and therefore were not in the draw.
2 Defending champions were automatically assigned to Pot 1.
Group A
Pos Team
A1  Poland
A2  Greece
A3  Russia
A4  Czech Republic
Group B
Pos Team
B1  Netherlands
B2  Denmark
B3  Germany
B4  Portugal
Group C
Pos Team
C1  Spain
C2  Italy
C3  Republic of Ireland
C4  Croatia
Group D
Pos Team
D1  Ukraine
D2  Sweden
D3  France
D4  England

Venues

Eight cities were selected by UEFA as host venues. In a return to the format used at Euro 1992, Euro 1996 and Euro 2008, each of the four groups' matches were played in two stadiums. Host cities Warsaw, Gdańsk, Wrocław, Poznań, Kiev, and Lviv are all popular tourist destinations, unlike Donetsk and Kharkiv, the latter of which replaced Dnipropetrovsk as a host city in 2009.

In order to meet UEFA's requirement for football infrastructure improvements, five new stadiums were built and opened in advance of the tournament. The remaining three stadiums (in Kiev, Poznań and Kharkiv) underwent major renovations in order to meet UEFA's infrastructure standards. Three of the stadiums are categorised as UEFA's highest category stadiums. The transport infrastructure in Poland and Ukraine was also extensively modified on the request of UEFA to cope with the large influx of football fans.

UEFA organised fan zones in the eight host cities. They were located in the centre of each city, with all 31 matches shown live on a total of 24 giant screens. The zones enabled supporters to come together in a secure and controlled environment. The Warsaw Fan Zone occupied 120,000 square meters and accommodated 100,000 visitors. In all, the fans zones had a 20% increase in capacity compared to Euro 2008.

Stadiums

A total of 31 matches were played during Euro 2012, with Ukraine hosting 16 of them and Poland 15.

Poland
Warsaw Gdańsk Wrocław Poznań
National Stadium
Built for tournament
Capacity: 58,145
PGE Arena
Built for tournament
Capacity: 43,615
Stadion Miejski
Built for tournament
Capacity: 42,771
Stadion Miejski
Reconstructed
Capacity: 43,269
3 matches in Group A
(incl. opening match),
1 quarter-final and
1 semi-final
3 matches in Group C and
1 quarter-final
3 matches in Group A 3 matches in Group C
Poland National Stadium Warsaw 001.jpg PGEARENNAGDA.jpg Stadion Miejski we Wrocławiu2.JPG Stadion Miejski Poznan, 2011-08-23.jpg
Ukraine
Kiev Donetsk Kharkiv Lviv
Olympic Stadium
Reconstructed
Capacity: 70,050
Donbass Arena
Built for tournament
Capacity: 52,187
Metalist Stadium
Reconstructed
Capacity: 40,003
Arena Lviv
Built for tournament
Capacity: 34,915
3 matches in Group D,
1 quarter-final and
the final
3 matches in Group D,
1 quarter-final and
1 semi-final
3 matches in Group B 3 matches in Group B
Indeks5.jpg Indeks6.jpg MetalistCharkow.png Stadion we lwowie 94129.jpg

Ticketing

Tickets for the venues were sold directly by UEFA via its website, or distributed by the football associations of the 16 finalists. Applications had to be made during March 2011 for the 1.4 million tickets available for the 31 tournament matches. Over 20,000 were forecast to cross the Poland–Ukraine border each day during the tournament. Over 12 million applications were received, which represented a 17% increase on the 2008 finals, and an all-time record for the UEFA European Championship. Owing to this over-subscription for the matches, lotteries were carried out to allocate tickets. Prices varied from €30 (£25) (for a seat behind the goals at a group match) to €600 (£513) (for a seat in the main stand at the final). In addition to individual match tickets, fans could buy packages to see either all matches played by one team, or all matches at one specific venue.

Team base camps

Each team had a "team base camp" for its stay between the matches. From an initial list of thirty-eight potential locations (twenty-one in Poland, seventeen in Ukraine), the national associations chose their locations in 2011. The teams trained and resided in these locations throughout the tournament, travelling to games staged away from their bases. Thirteen teams stayed in Poland and three in Ukraine.

Team Arrival Last match Base camp Group stage venues QF venues SF venues Final venue
 Croatia 5 June 18 June Warka
Near Warsaw
Gdańsk and Poznań
 Czech Republic 3 June 21 June Wrocław Wrocław Warsaw
 Denmark 4 June 17 June Kołobrzeg Kharkiv and Lviv
 England 6 June 24 June Kraków Kiev and Donetsk Kiev
 France 6 June 23 June Donetsk Kiev and Donetsk Donetsk
 Germany 3 June 28 June Gdańsk Kharkiv and Lviv Gdańsk Warsaw
 Greece 3 June 22 June Jachranka
Near Warsaw
Warsaw and Wrocław Gdańsk
 Republic of Ireland 5 June 18 June Sopot
Near Gdańsk
Gdańsk and Poznań
 Italy 5 June 1 July Kraków Gdańsk and Poznań Kiev Warsaw Kiev
 Netherlands 4 June 17 June Kraków Kharkiv
 Poland 28 May 16 June Warsaw Warsaw and Wrocław
 Portugal 4 June 27 June Opalenica
Near Poznań
Kharkiv and Lviv Warsaw Donetsk
 Russia 3 June 16 June Warsaw Warsaw and Wrocław
 Spain 5 June 1 July Gniewino
Near Gdańsk
Gdańsk Donetsk Donetsk Kiev
 Sweden 6 June 19 June Kiev Kiev
 Ukraine 6 June 19 June Kiev Kiev and Donetsk
  •    Poland
  •    Ukraine

Broadcasting

According to UEFA requirements, TP ensured approximately 2х70 Gbit/sec data communication speed from Polish stadiums and 2х140 Gbit/sec between Poland and Ukraine. This was required due to the fact that the matches were broadcast in HD quality. The multilateral production utilised 31 cameras to cover the action on and around the pitch at every match, with additional cameras following activities around the game, such as team arrivals at the stadiums, interviews, and media conferences. The official Euro 2012 broadcasting centre was located at the Expo XXI International Centre in Warsaw. The tournament was broadcast live by [around 100 TV channels covering the whole world. 150,000,000 people were expected to watch the matches each day.

Match ball

The Adidas Tango 12 was the official match ball of UEFA Euro 2012. The ball is named after the original Adidas Tango family of footballs; however, the Tango 12 and its variations have a completely new design. Variations of the ball have been used in other contemporary competitions including the Africa Cup of Nations and the Summer Olympics. It is designed to be easier to dribble and control than the reportedly unpredictable Adidas Jabulani used at the 2010 FIFA World Cup.

Squads

For the list of all squads that played in the tournament, see UEFA Euro 2012 squads.

Match officials

On 20 December 2011, UEFA named twelve referees and four fourth officials for Euro 2012. On 27 March 2012, UEFA issued the full list of 80 referees to be used in Euro 2012, including the assistant referees, the additional assistant referees, and the four reserve assistant referees. Each refereeing team consisted of five match officials from the same country: one main referee, two assistant referees, and two additional assistant referees. All of the main referees, additional assistant referees, and fourth officials were FIFA referees, and the assistant referees (including the four reserve assistant referees) were FIFA assistant referees. For each refereeing team, a third assistant referee from each country was named to remain on standby until the start of the tournament to take the place of a colleague if required. In two cases, for the French and Slovenian refereeing teams, the standby assistant referees took the place of one of the assistant referees before the start of the tournament. Continuing the experiments carried out in the UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europa League, the two additional assistant referees were used on the goal line for the first time in European Championship history with approval from the International Football Association Board.

Four match officials, who served only as fourth officials, and four reserve assistant referees were also named:

Country Referee Assistant referees Additional assistant referees Matches refereed
Flag of England England Howard Webb Michael Mullarkey
Peter Kirkup
Stephen Child (standby)
Martin Atkinson
Mark Clattenburg
Russia–Czech Republic (Group A)
Italy–Croatia (Group C)
Czech Republic–Portugal (Quarter-final)
Flag of France France Stéphane Lannoy Frédéric Cano
Michaël Annonier
Eric Dansault (standby)
Fredy Fautrel
Ruddy Buquet
Germany–Portugal (Group B)
Greece–Czech Republic (Group A)
Germany–Italy (Semi-final)
Flag of Germany Germany Wolfgang Stark Jan-Hendrik Salver
Mike Pickel
Mark Borsch (standby)
Florian Meyer
Deniz Aytekin
Poland–Russia (Group A)
Croatia–Spain (Group C)
Flag of Hungary Hungary Viktor Kassai Gábor Erős
György Ring
Róbert Kispál (standby)
István Vad
Tamás Bognár
Spain–Italy (Group C)
England–Ukraine (Group D)
Flag of Italy Italy Nicola Rizzoli Renato Faverani
Andrea Stefani
Luca Maggiani (standby)
Gianluca Rocchi
Paolo Tagliavento
France–England (Group D)
Portugal–Netherlands (Group B)
Spain–France (Quarter-final)
Flag of Netherlands Netherlands Björn Kuipers Sander van Roekel
Erwin Zeinstra
Norbertus Simons (standby)
Pol van Boekel
Richard Liesveld
Republic of Ireland–Croatia (Group C)
Ukraine–France (Group D)
Flag of Portugal Portugal Pedro Proença Bertino Miranda
Ricardo Santos
Tiago Trigo (standby)
Jorge Sousa
Duarte Gomes
Spain–Republic of Ireland (Group C)
Sweden–France (Group D)
England–Italy (Quarter-final)
Spain–Italy (Final)
Flag of Scotland Scotland Craig Thomson Alasdair Ross
Derek Rose
Graham Chambers (standby)
William Collum
Euan Norris
Denmark–Portugal (Group B)
Czech Republic–Poland (Group A)
Flag of Slovenia Slovenia Damir Skomina Primož Arhar
Matej Žunič
Marko Stančin (standby)
Matej Jug
Slavko Vinčić
Netherlands–Denmark (Group B)
Sweden–England (Group D)
Germany–Greece (Quarter-final)
Flag of Spain Spain Carlos Velasco Carballo Roberto Alonso Fernández
Juan Carlos Yuste Jiménez
Jesús Calvo Guadamuro (standby)
David Fernández Borbalán
Carlos Clos Gómez
Poland–Greece (Group A)
Denmark–Germany (Group B)
Flag of Sweden Sweden Jonas Eriksson Stefan Wittberg
Mathias Klasenius
Fredrik Nilsson (standby)
Markus Strömbergsson
Stefan Johannesson
Netherlands–Germany (Group B)
Greece–Russia (Group A)
Flag of Turkey Turkey Cüneyt Çakır Bahattin Duran
Tarık Ongun
Mustafa Emre Eyisoy (standby)
Hüseyin Göçek
Bülent Yıldırım
Ukraine–Sweden (Group D)
Italy–Republic of Ireland (Group C)
Portugal–Spain (Semi-final)
  •    Final referee; only referee assigned to four matches.

Four match officials, who served only as fourth officials, and four reserve assistant referees were also named:

Country Fourth official
Flag of Czech Republic Czech Republic Pavel Královec
Flag of Norway Norway Tom Harald Hagen
Flag of Poland Poland Marcin Borski
Flag of Ukraine Ukraine Viktor Shvetsov
Country Reserve assistant referee
Flag of Republic of Ireland Republic of Ireland Damien MacGraith
Flag of Poland Poland Marcin Borkowski
Flag of Slovakia Slovakia Roman Slyško
Flag of Ukraine Ukraine Oleksandr Voytyuk

Group stage

UEFA announced the schedule for the 31 matches of the final tournament in October 2010, with the final confirmation of kick-offs times being affirmed following the tournament draw in December 2011.

Group stage

The teams finishing in the top two positions in each of the four groups (highlighted in tables) progressed to the quarter-finals, while the bottom two teams were eliminated from the tournament.

Tie-breaking

If two or more teams were equal on points on completion of the group matches, the following tie-breaking criteria were applied:

  1. Higher number of points obtained in the matches played between the teams in question;
  2. Superior goal difference resulting from the matches played between the teams in question;
  3. Higher number of goals scored in the matches played between the teams in question;
  4. Superior goal difference in all group matches;
  5. Higher number of goals scored in all group matches;
  6. If two teams tie alone (according to 1–5) after having met in the last round of the group stage their ranking is determined by penalty shoot-out.
  7. Position in the UEFA national team coefficient ranking system;
  8. Fair play conduct of the teams (final tournament);
  9. Drawing of lots.

Group A

Main article: UEFA Euro 2012 Group A
Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Czech Republic 3 2 0 1 4 5 −1 6
 Greece 3 1 1 1 3 3 0 4
 Russia 3 1 1 1 5 3 +2 4
 Poland 3 0 2 1 2 3 −1 2

Greece were placed above Russia based on their head-to-head record (1–0).

The Czech Republic became the first team to win a European Championship group with a negative goal difference

8 June 2012
Poland  1–1  Greece
Russia  4–1  Czech Republic
12 June 2012
Greece  1–2  Czech Republic
Poland  1–1  Russia
16 June 2012
Czech Republic  1–0  Poland
Greece  1–0  Russia

Group B

Main article: UEFA Euro 2012 Group B
Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Germany 3 3 0 0 5 2 +3 9
 Portugal 3 2 0 1 5 4 +1 6
 Denmark 3 1 0 2 4 5 −1 3
 Netherlands 3 0 0 3 2 5 −3 0
9 June 2012
Netherlands  0–1  Denmark
Germany  1–0  Portugal
13 June 2012
Denmark  2–3  Portugal
Netherlands  1–2  Germany
17 June 2012
Portugal  2–1  Netherlands
Denmark  1–2  Germany

Group C

Main article: UEFA Euro 2012 Group C
Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Spain 3 2 1 0 6 1 +5 7
 Italy 3 1 2 0 4 2 +2 5
 Croatia 3 1 1 1 4 3 +1 4
 Republic of Ireland 3 0 0 3 1 9 −8 0
10 June 2012
Spain  1–1  Italy
Republic of Ireland  1–3  Croatia
14 June 2012
Italy  1–1  Croatia
Spain  4–0  Republic of Ireland
18 June 2012
Croatia  0–1  Spain
Italy  2–0  Republic of Ireland

Group D

Main article: UEFA Euro 2012 Group D
Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 England 3 2 1 0 5 3 +2 7
 France 3 1 1 1 3 3 0 4
 Ukraine 3 1 0 2 2 4 −2 3
 Sweden 3 1 0 2 5 5 0 3

Ukraine were placed above Sweden based on their head-to-head record (2–1).

11 June 2012
France  1–1  England
Ukraine  2–1  Sweden
15 June 2012
Ukraine  0–2  France
Sweden  2–3  England
19 June 2012
England  1–0  Ukraine
Sweden  2–0  France

Knockout stage

Main article: UEFA Euro 2012 knockout stage
Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
                   
21 June – Warsaw        
  Czech Republic  0
27 June – Donetsk
  Portugal  1  
  Portugal  0 (2)
23 June – Donetsk
      Spain (p)  0 (4)  
  Spain  2
1 July – Kiev
  France  0  
  Spain  4
22 June – Gdańsk    
    Italy  0
  Germany  4
28 June – Warsaw
  Greece  2  
  Germany  1
24 June – Kiev
      Italy  2  
  England  0 (2)
  Italy (p)  0 (4)  
 

Quarter-finals

21 June 2012
20:45 UTC+2
Czech Republic  0–1  Portugal National Stadium, Warsaw
Attendance: 55,590
Referee: Howard Webb (England)
Report Ronaldo Goal 79'

22 June 2012
20:45 UTC+2
Germany  4–2  Greece PGE Arena, Gdańsk
Attendance: 38,751
Referee: Damir Skomina (Slovenia)
Lahm Goal 39'
Khedira Goal 61'
Klose Goal 68'
Reus Goal 74'
Report Samaras Goal 55'
Salpingidis Goal 89' (pen.)

23 June 2012
21:45 UTC+3
Spain  2–0  France Donbass Arena, Donetsk
Attendance: 47,000
Referee: Nicola Rizzoli (Italy)
Alonso Goal 19'90+1' (pen.) Report

24 June 2012
21:45 UTC+3
England  0–0
(a.e.t.)
 Italy Olympic Stadium, Kiev
Attendance: 64,340
Referee: Pedro Proença (Portugal)
Report
  Penalties  
Gerrard Soccerball shad check.png
Rooney Soccerball shad check.png
Young Missed (hit the crossbar)
Cole Missed (saved)
2–4 Soccerball shad check.png Balotelli
Missed (wide) Montolivo
Soccerball shad check.png Pirlo
Soccerball shad check.png Nocerino
Soccerball shad check.png Diamanti

Semi-finals

27 June 2012
21:45 UTC+3
Portugal  0–0
(a.e.t.)
 Spain Donbass Arena, Donetsk
Attendance: 48,000
Referee: Cüneyt Çakır (Turkey)
Report
  Penalties  
Moutinho Missed (saved)
Pepe Soccerball shad check.png
Nani Soccerball shad check.png
Alves Missed (hit the crossbar)
2–4 Missed (saved) Alonso
Soccerball shad check.png Iniesta
Soccerball shad check.png Piqué
Soccerball shad check.png Ramos
Soccerball shad check.png Fàbregas

28 June 2012
20:45 UTC+2
Germany  1–2  Italy National Stadium, Warsaw
Attendance: 55,540
Referee: Stéphane Lannoy (France)
Özil Goal 90+2' (pen.) Report Balotelli Goal 20'36'

Final

Main article: UEFA Euro 2012 Final
1 July 2012
21:45 UTC+3
Spain  4–0  Italy Olympic Stadium, Kiev
Attendance: 63,170
Referee: Pedro Proença (Portugal)
Silva Goal 14'
Alba Goal 41'
Torres Goal 84'
Mata Goal 88'
Report

Statistics

Main article: UEFA Euro 2012 statistics

Goalscorers

3 goals

2 goals

1 goal

1 own goal

Awards

UEFA Team of the Tournament
Main article: UEFA European Football Championship Teams of the Tournament

The UEFA Technical Team was charged with naming a squad composed of the 23 best players over the course of the tournament. The group of eleven analysts watched every game at the tournament before making their decision after the final. Ten players from the winning Spanish team were selected in the team of the tournament, while Zlatan Ibrahimović was the only player to be included whose team was knocked out in the group stage.

Goalkeepers Defenders Midfielders Forwards
Flag of Germany Manuel Neuer
Flag of Italy Gianluigi Buffon
Flag of Spain Iker Casillas
Flag of Germany Philipp Lahm
Flag of Portugal Fábio Coentrão
Flag of Portugal Pepe
Flag of Spain Jordi Alba
Flag of Spain Gerard Piqué
Flag of Spain Sergio Ramos
Flag of England Steven Gerrard
Flag of Germany Sami Khedira
Flag of Germany Mesut Özil
Flag of Italy Andrea Pirlo
Flag of Italy Daniele De Rossi
Flag of Spain Xabi Alonso
Flag of Spain Sergio Busquets
Flag of Spain Andrés Iniesta
Flag of Spain Xavi
Flag of Italy Mario Balotelli
Flag of Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo
Flag of Spain Cesc Fàbregas
Flag of Spain David Silva
Flag of Sweden Zlatan Ibrahimović
UEFA Player of the Tournament
Golden Boot

Prizes

Prize money
Rank (unoff.) Team Million €
1  Spain 23.0
2  Italy 19.5
3  Germany 16.0
4  Portugal 15.0
5  England 12.5
6  Czech Republic 12.0
7  France,  Greece 11.5
9  Croatia,  Russia 10.5
11  Denmark,  Ukraine 10.0
13  Poland,  Sweden 9.0
15  Netherlands,  Republic of Ireland 8.0

A total of €196 million was given to the 16 teams competing in this tournament, an increase from the €184 million in the previous tournament. Each team received an initial €8 million and then received additional money, based on their performances. Spain, the winners of Euro 2012, were awarded a total prize of €23 million for their performance. The maximum prize achievable (for winning all group matches and winning the final) was €23.5 million. Complete list:

  • Prize for participating: €8 million

Extra payment based on teams performances:

  • Champions: €7.5 million
  • Runner-up: €4.5 million
  • Reaching the semi-finals: €3 million
  • Reaching the quarter-finals: €2 million
  • Finishing in third place in a group: €1 million
  • Winning a group match: €1 million
  • Drawing a group match: €0.5 million

Besides money, commemorative plaques were given to all participants together with special plaques for semi-final losers and finalists. Gold and silver medals were awarded to the winners and runners-up, respectively, whereas both semi-final losers were awarded bronze medals. The trophy given to the winners remains in the ownership of UEFA; however, the winning nation, Spain, received a full-size replica.

Discipline

In the final tournament, a player was suspended for the subsequent match in the competition for either getting red card or accumulating two yellow cards in two different matches. UEFA's Control and Disciplinary body has the ability to increase the automatic one match ban for a red card (e.g. for violent conduct). Single yellow card cautions were erased at the conclusion of the quarter-finals, and were not carried over to the semi-finals (so that a player could only be suspended for the final by getting a red card in the semi-final). Single yellow cards and suspensions for yellow card accumulations do not carry over to the 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification tournament matches. The following players were suspended during the final tournament – for one or more games – as a result of red cards or yellow card accumulations:

Player Offences Suspensions
Flag of England Wayne Rooney Red card in qualification v Montenegro Group D v France
Group D v Sweden
Flag of Greece Sokratis Papastathopoulos Yellow cardYellow cardRed card in Group A v Poland Group A v Czech Republic
Flag of Poland Wojciech Szczęsny Red card in Group A v Greece Group A v Russia
Flag of Germany Jérôme Boateng Booked in Group B v Portugal
Booked in Group B v Netherlands
Group B v Denmark
Flag of Greece Giorgos Karagounis Booked in Group A v Poland
Booked in Group A v Russia
Quarter-final v Germany
Flag of Greece José Holebas Booked in Group A v Poland
Booked in Group A v Russia
Quarter-final v Germany
Flag of Republic of Ireland Keith Andrews Yellow cardYellow cardRed card in Group C v Italy World Cup qualifying v Kazakhstan
Flag of France Philippe Mexès Booked in Group D v Ukraine
Booked in Group D v Sweden
Quarter-final v Spain
Flag of Italy Christian Maggio Booked in Group C v Spain
Booked in Quarter-final v England
Semi-final v Germany

Penalty kicks

Not counting penalty shoot-outs, four penalties were awarded during the tournament. Giorgos Karagounis was the only player who failed to convert his penalty, which occurred in the match against Poland.

Scored
Missed

Marketing

Trophy tour

The Henri Delaunay Trophy began a journey through the host cities seven weeks before the start of the tournament. A hundred days before the first match a 35.5-metre-high (116 ft) hot air balloon in the shape of the trophy was flown in Nyon, Switzerland and visited 14 cities throughout the host countries, reminding spectators of the impending tournament. On 20 April 2012, the trophy tour started and visited the Polish cities of Warsaw, Wrocław, Gdańsk, Poznań, Kraków, Katowice and Łódź. After the Polish cities, the trophy visited seven Ukrainian cities: Kiev, Ivano-Frankivsk, Kharkiv, Donetsk, Dnipropetrovsk, Lviv, and Odesa.

Logo, slogan and theme songs

The competition slogan, Creating History Together (Razem tworzymy przyszłość, literally, "Together we are creating the future", Творимо історію разом, Tvorymo istoriyu razom), was announced along with the logo. The official logo for the tournament was unveiled at a special event at Mykhailivska Square, Kiev, on 14 December 2009. Designed by Portuguese group Brandia Central. It takes its visual identity from Wycinanki or Vytynanky, traditional form of paper cutting practised in rural areas of Poland and Ukraine. The art form symbolises the nature of the rural areas of both countries. As part of the event, landmark buildings in the eight host cities were illuminated with the tournament logo.

The official Euro 2012 song is "Endless Summer" by the German singer Oceana. In addition, UEFA has retained the melody that was composed by Rollo Armstrong of Faithless on its behalf for the 2008 tournament. The Republic of Ireland has also produced an official song: "The Rocky Road to Poland" recorded by a collaboration of Irish performers has already reached number 1 in Ireland. In Spain, the broadcasting company Mediaset España commissioned the song "No hay 2 sin 3", performed by David Bisbal and Cali & El Dandee and produced by RedOne.

The tournament has also been associated with the song "Heart of Courage" by Two Steps From Hell, which has been played in the stadiums during the entrance of the players (before the national anthems); but also "Seven Nation Army" by The White Stripes, in this case after every goal.

Merchandise and mascots

UEFA signed a worldwide licensing agreement with Warner Brothers Consumer Products to help promote the tournament. The agreement involved licensing to third parties for a variety of other merchandising items.

Also designed by Warner Bros. were the official tournament mascots, "Slavek and Slavko", twins that wore the national colours of the two host nations. The mascots were unveiled in December 2010, and named following an online poll.

Sponsorship

UEFA announced ten global sponsors and, for both Poland and Ukraine, three national sponsors as shown below. These sponsorships together with the broadcasting revenues were estimated to earn UEFA at least US$1.6 billion.

Global sponsors Event sponsors
Ukraine Poland
  • Adidas
  • Canon
  • Castrol
  • Coca-Cola
  • Continental
  • SHARP
  • Orange
  • Hyundai–Kia
  • Carlsberg
  • McDonald's
  • Ukrtelecom
  • Epicenter
  • Ukrsotsbank PJSC
  • E. Wedel
  • Bank Pekao
  • MasterCard

Concerns and controversies

After Poland and Ukraine were chosen by a vote of the UEFA Executive Committee as host countries for Euro 2012, several issues arose, which jeopardised the Polish/Ukrainian host status.

In Ukraine there were financial difficulties related to stadium and infrastructure renovation related to the economic crisis. In Poland, issues arose related to corruption within the Polish Football Association. In April 2009 however, the president of UEFA, Michel Platini announced that all was on track and that he saw no major problems. After a UEFA delegation visited Ukraine in September 2011, he stated the country was "virtually ready for Euro 2012".

Especially in the UK, there were allegations of racism in football in both host countries. The main cause of discussion was the BBC current affairs programme Panorama, entitled Euro 2012: Stadiums of Hate, which included recent footage of supporters chanting various antisemitic slogans and displays of white power symbols and banners in Poland, plus Nazi salutes and the beating of South Asians in Ukraine. The documentary was first echoed in much of the British press, but was then attacked for being one-sided and unethical: critics included other British media outlets; anti-racism campaigners, black and Jewish community leaders in Poland; Polish and Ukrainian politicians and journalists; England fans visiting the host nations and Gary Lineker.

In response to Yulia Tymoshenko’s hunger strike and her mistreatment in a Ukrainian prison some European politicians and governments announced that they would boycott the matches in Ukraine.

Ukraine came under criticism from animal welfare organisations for killing stray cats and dogs in order to prepare for Euro 2012. Ukrainian Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources and Minister Of The Environment promised to take action to prevent killing animals but it still remains unclear how these measures will be enforced. The ministry's comments also suggested this would only be a temporary measure, drawing further criticism.

Bomb explosions took place in Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine, on 27 April 2012 and were described as a terrorist attack that may jeopardise the organisation of the tournament in Ukraine.

Other important issues were associated with FEMEN’s group protests against prostitution and sex tourism in Ukraine, and enormous increases in hotel prices by many hoteliers in the country.

In total, four nations were fined by UEFA for racist activities by their fans: Germany, Spain, Croatia and Russia.

See also

External links

UEFA Euro 2012
Stages

Group A · Group B · Group C · Group D · Group E · Group F · Knockout stage · Final

General information

Bids · Matches · Statistics · Squads · Qualification

UEFA Euro 2012 stadiums
Austria

National Stadium (Warsaw) · PGE Arena (Gdańsk) · Municipal Stadium (Wrocław) · City Stadium (Poznań)

Ukraine

NSC Olimpiyskiy (Kiev) · Donbass Arena (Donetsk) · Metalist Stadium (Kharkiv) · Arena Lviv (Lviv)

UEFA European Football Championship
Tournaments

France 1960 · Spain 1964 · Italy 1968 · Belgium 1972 · Yugoslavia 1976 · Italy 1980 · France 1984 · West Germany 1988 · Sweden 1992 · England 1996 · Belgium/Netherlands 2000 · Portugal 2004 · Austria/Switzerland 2008 · Poland/Ukraine 2012 · France 2016 · Pan-European 2020 · TBA 2024

Finals

1960 · 1964 · 1968 · 1972 · 1976 · 1980 · 1984 · 1988 · 1992 · 1996 · 2000 · 2004 · 2008 · 2012 · 2016 · 2020

Qualification

1960 · 1964 · 1968 · 1972 · 1976 · 1980 · 1984 · 1988 · 1992 · 1996 · 2000 · 2004 · 2008 · 2012 · 2016 · 2020 ·

Squads

1960 · 1964 · 1968 · 1972 · 1976 · 1980 · 1984 · 1988 · 1992 · 1996 · 2000 · 2004 · 2008 · 2012 · 2016 ·

Other

Video games

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