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1984 UEFA European Football Championship
UEFA Championnat Européen de Football
France 1984
UEFA Euro 1984 logo.png
Tournament details
Host countryFlag of France.png France
Dates12 June – 27 June
Teams8
Venue(s)(in 7 host cities)
Final positions
ChampionsFlag of France.png France (1st title)
Runner-upFlag of Spain.png Spain
Tournament statistics
Matches played15
Goals scored41 (2.73 per match)
Attendance599,669 (39,978 per match)
Top scorer(s)Flag of France Michel Platini (9 goals)
1980
1988

The 1984 UEFA European Football Championship final tournament was held in France. West Germany also bid for the hosting of this event. It was the seventh European Football Championship, a competition held every four years and endorsed by UEFA. The final tournament took place from 12 to 27 June 1984.

At the time, only eight countries took part in the final stage of the tournament, seven of which had to come through the qualifying stage. France qualified automatically as hosts of the event; led by Michel Platini, who scored nine goals in France's five matches, Les Bleus won the tournament – their first major international title.

Tournament summary

Group matches

The opening game of tournament featured France and Denmark. The sides played out a very close encounter until Michel Platini’s goal on 78 minutes gave the hosts a 1–0 victory. The opening game also saw a premature end to the tournament for Danish midfielder Allan Simonsen, who suffered a broken leg. Platini then scored hat-tricks against both Belgium and Yugoslavia as the French recorded maximum points in Group 1. Denmark took second-place in the group with victories over Belgium and Yugoslavia, while Belgium finished third with two points. Yugoslavia, despite going out with no points, gave the hosts a fright in their last group game when they took a 1–0 lead into half-time and then reduced France's 3–1 lead to one goal six minutes from time. The games in Group 1 were unusually high-scoring, and featured 23 goals over the six matches.

Group 2 provided fewer goals, but produced a huge surprise as West Germany failed to qualify for the semi-finals after a 1–0 defeat in their last match to Spain, Antonio Maceda's goal at the death sending the holders out. Portugal also scored a late goal in their final match, against Romania, to take the second qualifying place behind Spain, while the Romanians finished bottom with one point.

Semi-finals and final

The first semi-final between France and Portugal is often considered one of the best matches in the history of the European Championship. Jean-François Domergue opened the scoring for France but Portugal equalised through Rui Jordão on 74 minutes. The game went to extra time and Jordão scored again in the 98th minute to give the Portuguese a shock lead, but the French rallied and Domergue equalised with six minutes left. Then, with the penalty shoot-out looming, Platini scored his eighth goal of the championship to give France a memorable 3–2 victory.

The other semi-final between Spain and Denmark saw two evenly matched sides draw 1–1 after extra time, as Soren Lerby’s goal after only seven minutes was cancelled out by Maceda’s strike an hour later. The match went to a penalty shoot-out, and Spain converted all five of their penalties to win 5–4 and reach the final for the first time since 1964.

The final was played to a capacity crowd at the Parc des Princes in Paris. Just before the hour mark, Platini scored from a free-kick to put France ahead following a mistake by Spanish goalkeeper Luis Arconada. France were reduced to ten players when Yvon Le Roux was sent off, but the Spain were unable to equalise, and Bruno Bellone’s goal in injury time made the final score 2–0. France had won their first major championship in world football.

Qualification

Main article: UEFA Euro 1984 qualifying

The following teams participated in the final tournament:

Organisation

Tournament format

After trying out several formats, UEFA finally developed for the 1984 tournament the format that would serve for all subsequent eight-team European Championships. The eight qualified teams were split into two groups of four that played a round-robin schedule. The top two teams of each group advanced to semi-finals (reintroduced after being absent from the 1980 tournament) and the winners advanced to the final. The third-place game, widely perceived as an unnecessary chore, was dropped. As usual at the time, a win was credited with two points only, teams on equal points were ranked by goal difference instead of head-to-head results, and the sudden-death rule in extra time did not apply.

Venues and fixtures

France's winning bid to host the Euro was based on seven stadia. The 48,000-seat Parc des Princes in Paris was the venue for the opening match and the final. Built in 1972, it was still state-of-the-art in 1984 and needed minor improvements only. Marseille's Stade Vélodrome was expanded to 55,000 seats to host one semi-final and some group matches, becoming France's largest stadium on the occasion. Stade de Gerland in Lyon, the venue for the other semi-final and some group matches as well, was thoroughly renovated and expanded to 40,000. Stade Geoffroy-Guichard in Saint-Étienne and Stade Félix-Bollaert in Lens were the other existing stadia that hosted group matches and were expanded to 53,000 and 49,000, respectively. Lastly, two all-new stadia were built to host group matches (and subsequently provided worthy home grounds for the traditionally strong local club teams): Stade de la Beaujoire in Nantes (53,000) was built on an entirely new site while Stade de la Meinau in Strasbourg was rebuilt from the ground up on the site of the old stadium into a modern 40,000-seat arena.

Fixtures were scheduled according to an innovative rotation schedule in which each team played its three first-round matches in three different stadia. Host France, for instance, played in Paris, Nantes, and Saint-Étienne. This formula had the advantage of exposing residents of a given city to more teams but implied multiple and sometimes costly trips from town to town for fans who wanted to follow their side. In subsequent championships, the organisers reverted to conventional schedules in which teams played in one or two cities only.

Paris Marseille
Parc des Princes Stade Vélodrome
Capacity: 48,360 Capacity: 55,000
Paris-Parc-des-Princes Vue du virage Depé
Lyon Saint-Étienne
Stade de Gerland Stade Geoffroy-Guichard
Capacity: 51,860 Capacity: 48,274
Stade-Gerland-RWC2007 Geoffroy Guichard ASSE
Lens Nantes Strasbourg
Stade Félix-Bollaert Stade de la Beaujoire Stade de la Meinau
Capacity: 49,000 Capacity: 52,923 Capacity: 42,756
Stade Felix-Bollaert Stade de la Beaujoire Stade de la Meinau fassade2

Overall impressions

Very few hooligan-related incidents were recorded throughout the tournament. Only one minor instance of fan trouble was recorded, in Strasbourg around the West Germany vs. Portugal match. The small group of German hooligans responsible for the incidents was arrested and deported back to West Germany on the same day using a new law specially passed by the French Parliament ahead of the Euro. Overall, the organisation was flawless, a feat that established France's credentials as a host nation and eventually helped it win the right to stage the 1998 FIFA World Cup.

The entire competition was marked by exceptionally fine weather which, along with the high quality of play throughout the tournament (a welcome change from the 1980 European Championship) and the absence of hooligans, contributed to a very positive and enjoyable experience for teams and fans alike.

Match officials

Squads

Main article: UEFA Euro 1984 squads

Results

Group stage

All times are CEST/UTC+2

Group 1

Main article: UEFA Euro 1984 Group 1
Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
Flag of France.png France 330092+76
Flag of Denmark.gif Denmark 320183+54
Belgium.png Belgium 310248−42
Flag of SFR Yugoslavia 001.png Yugoslavia 3003210−80
12 June 1984
20:30
France Flag of France.png 1 – 0 Flag of Denmark.gif Denmark Parc des Princes, Paris
Attendance: 47,570
Referee: Volker Roth (West Germany)
Platini Soccerball 78' (Report)
13 June 1984
20:30
Belgium Belgium.png 2 – 0 Flag of SFR Yugoslavia 001.png Yugoslavia Stade Félix-Bollaert, Lens
Attendance: 41,774
Referee: Erik Fredriksson (Sweden)
Vandenbergh Soccerball 28'
Grün Soccerball 45'
(Report)
16 June 1984
17:15
France Flag of France.png 5 – 0 Belgium.png Belgium Stade de la Beaujoire, Nantes
Attendance: 51,359
Referee: Bob Valentine (Scotland)
Platini Soccerball 4'74' (pen.)89'
Giresse Soccerball 33'
Fernández Soccerball 43'
(Report)
16 June 1984
20:30
Denmark Flag of Denmark.gif 5 – 0 Flag of SFR Yugoslavia 001.png Yugoslavia Stade de Gerland, Lyon
Attendance: 24,736
Referee: Augusto Lamo Castillo (Spain)
Arnesen Soccerball 8'69' (pen.)
Berggreen Soccerball 16'
Elkjær Soccerball 82'
Lauridsen Soccerball 84'
(Report)
19 June 1984
20:30
France Flag of France.png 3 – 2 Flag of SFR Yugoslavia 001.png Yugoslavia Stade Geoffroy-Guichard, Saint-Étienne
Attendance: 47,589
Referee: André Daina (Switzerland)
Platini Soccerball 59'62'77' (Report) Šestić Soccerball 32'
D. Stojković Soccerball 84' (pen.)
19 June 1984
20:30
Denmark Flag of Denmark.gif 3 – 2 Belgium.png Belgium Stade de la Meinau, Strasbourg
Attendance: 36,911
Referee: Adolf Prokop (East Germany)
Arnesen Soccerball 41' (pen.)
Brylle Soccerball 60'
Elkjær Soccerball 84'
(Report) Ceulemans Soccerball 26'
Vercauteren Soccerball 39'

Group 2

Main article: UEFA Euro 1984 Group 2
Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
Flag of Spain.png Spain 312032+14
Flag of Portugal.gif Portugal 312021+14
Flag of Germany.svg West Germany 31112203
Romania.png Romania 301224−21
14 June 1984
17:15
West Germany Flag of Germany.svg 0 – 0 Flag of Portugal.gif Portugal Stade de la Meinau, Strasbourg
Attendance: 44,707
Referee: Romualdas Yushka (Soviet Union)
(Report)
14 June 1984
20:30
Romania Romania.png 1 – 1 Flag of Spain.png Spain Stade Geoffroy-Guichard, Saint-Étienne
Attendance: 16,972
Referee: Alexis Ponnet (Belgium)
Bölöni Soccerball 35' (Report) Carrasco Soccerball 22' (pen.)
17 June 1984
17:15
West Germany Flag of Germany.svg 2 – 1 Romania.png Romania Stade Félix-Bollaert, Lens
Attendance: 31,787
Referee: Jan Keizer (Netherlands)
Völler Soccerball 25'66' (Report) Coraş Soccerball 46'
17 June 1984
20:30
Portugal Flag of Portugal.gif 1 – 1 Flag of Spain.png Spain Stade Vélodrome, Marseille
Attendance: 24,364
Referee: Michel Vautrot (France)
Sousa Soccerball 52' (Report) Santillana Soccerball 73'
20 June 1984
20:30
West Germany Flag of Germany.svg 0 – 1 Flag of Spain.png Spain Parc des Princes, Paris
Attendance: 47,691
Referee: Vojtech Christov (Czechoslovakia)
(Report) Maceda Soccerball 90'
20 June 1984
20:30
Portugal Flag of Portugal.gif 1 – 0 Romania.png Romania Stade de la Beaujoire, Nantes
Attendance: 24,464
Referee: Heinz Fahnler (Austria)
Nené Soccerball 81' (Report)

Knockout stage

Semi-finals Final
23 June – Marseille (Stade Vélodrome)
 Flag of France.png France (aet) 3  
 Flag of Portugal.gif Portugal 2  
 
27 June – Paris (Parc des Princes)
     Flag of France.png France 2
   Flag of Spain.png Spain 0
24 June – Lyon (Stade Gerland)
 Flag of Spain.png Spain (p) 1 (5)
 Flag of Denmark.gif Denmark 1 (4)  

Semi-finals

23 June 1984
20:00
France Flag of France.png 3 – 2 (a.e.t.) Flag of Portugal.gif Portugal Stade Vélodrome, Marseille
Attendance: 54,848
Referee: Paolo Bergamo (Italy)
Domergue Soccerball 24'114'
Platini Soccerball 119'
(Report) Jordão Soccerball 74'98'
24 June 1984
20:00
Spain Flag of Spain.png 1 – 1 (a.e.t.) Flag of Denmark.gif Denmark Stade de Gerland, Lyon
Attendance: 47,843
Referee: George Courtney (England)
Maceda Soccerball 67' (Report) Lerby Soccerball 7'
  Penalties  
Santillana Soccerball shad check
Señor Soccerball shad check
Urquiaga Soccerball shad check
Víctor Muñoz Soccerball shad check
Sarabia Soccerball shad check
5 – 4 Soccerball shad check Brylle
Soccerball shad check J. Olsen
Soccerball shad check Laudrup
Soccerball shad check Lerby
-Soccerball shade cross Elkjær

Final

Main article: UEFA Euro 1984 Final
27 June 1984
20:00
France Flag of France.png 2 – 0 Flag of Spain.png Spain Parc des Princes, Paris
Attendance: 47,368
Referee: Vojtech Christov (Czechoslovakia)
Platini Soccerball 57'
Bellone Soccerball 90'
(Report)

Statistics

Goalscorers

With nine goals, Michel Platini is the top scorer in the tournament. In total, 41 goals were scored by 26 different players in 15 games for an average of 2.73 goals per game. None of the goals are credited as own goal.

9 goals
3 goals
2 goals

1 goal

Awards

UEFA Team of the Tournament
Goalkeeper Defenders Midfielders Forwards
Flag of Germany Harald Schumacher Flag of Portugal João Pinto Flag of Portugal Fernando Chalana Flag of Germany Rudi Völler
Flag of Germany Karlheinz Förster Flag of France Alain Giresse
Flag of Denmark Morten Olsen Flag of France Jean Tigana
Flag of Germany Andreas Brehme Flag of Denmark Frank Arnesen
Flag of France Michel Platini

Mascot

The official mascot of this European Championship was Peno, a rooster, representing the emblem of the host nation, France. It has the number 84 on the left side of its chest and its outfit is the same as the French national team, blue shirt, white shorts and red socks.

External links

UEFA Euro 1984
Stages

Group 1 · Group 2 · Semi-finals · Final

General information

Squads · Qualification

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