Cup Winners Cup.png
Founded 1960
Region Europe (UEFA)
Tournament information
Current champions (Last) Flag of Italy Lazio (1st title)
Number of teams 32 (first round)
Most successful club Flag of Spain Barcelona (4 titles)
Website Official website

The UEFA Cup Winners' Cup was a football club competition contested annually by the most recent winners of all European domestic cup competitions. The cup is one of the many inter-European club competitions that have been organised by UEFA. The first competition was held in the 1960–61 season—but not recognised by the governing body of European football until two years later. The final tournament was held in 1998–99, after which it was absorbed by the UEFA Cup.

Prior to its abolition, the Cup Winners' Cup was regarded as the second most prestigious European club competition out of the three major tournaments, behind the European Cup/UEFA Champions League and ahead of the UEFA Cup, although many commentators felt the Cup Winners' Cup was the easiest of the three competitions to win. However, no club successfully defended the Cup Winners' Cup throughout its history. In the 1985–86 season, English clubs were banned from Europe which prevented Everton from playing in the Champions Cup after winning a double of the English league title and the Cup Winners Cup in 1985.

From 1972 onwards, the winner of the tournament would go on to play the winner of the European Cup (later the UEFA Champions League) in the UEFA Super Cup. Since the abolition of the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, the UEFA Super Cup place previously reserved for the CWC winner has been taken by the winner of the UEFA Cup, now UEFA Europa League. The competition's official name was originally the European Cup Winners' Cup; it was renamed the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup before the 1994–95 season.


Throughout its 39-year history, the Cup Winners' Cup was always a straight knock-out tournament with two-legged home and away ties until the single match final staged at a neutral venue, the only exception to this being the two-legged final in the competition's first year. In common with other UEFA club tournaments, the away goal applied when aggregate scores was parity. The format was identical to the original European Champions' Cup with 32 teams contesting four knock-out rounds prior to the showpiece final, with the tournament usually running from September to May each year. In later years, a regular August preliminary round was added to reduce the number of entrants to 32 following the influx of new UEFA member nations during the 1990s.

Entry was restricted to one club from each UEFA member association, the only exception being to allow the current Cup Winners' Cup holders to enter alongside their nation's new domestic cup winners in order to allow them a chance to defend their CWC title (although no club ever managed to do this). However, if this team also qualified for the European Champions' Cup then they would default on their place in the Cup Winners' Cup and no other team would replace them.

On occasions when a club completed a domestic league and cup 'double' that club would enter the European Cup/UEFA Champions League and their place in the Cup Winners' Cup would be taken by the domestic cup runners-up. In 1998/99, the competition's final year, SC Heerenveen of the Netherlands entered the CWC despite only reaching the semi-final of the previous season's Dutch Cup. This was due to both Dutch Cup finalists Ajax and PSV qualifying for the recently expanded Champions League.


Inauguration and prestige

Mirroring the circumstances behind the creation of the European Cup five years earlier, the idea for a pan-European cup competition contested by all of Europe's domestic cup winners came from prominent European sports journalists. The European Cup had proven to be a great success and the Fairs Cup had also proven popular – as a result, other ideas for new European football tournaments were being aired. One proposal was for a tournament based upon the format of the European Cup, but with national cup winners rather than league champions taking part, which could run alongside that competition.

The inaugural Cup Winners' Cup was held in the 1960–61 season and was basically a semi-official pilot tournament. However the initial reaction to the competition's creation was unenthusiastic on the part of many of Europe's top clubs – many European associations did not have domestic cup competitions at the time and in those countries that did, the cup competition was generally held in low esteem and often not taken seriously by the bigger clubs. It was essentially only in England, Scotland and to a lesser extent Germany and Spain that the domestic cup was considered especially prestigious. Many were sceptical about the viability of a European tournament for cup winners and many of the bigger clubs eligible to contest the first CWC turned down the chance to enter, such as Atlético de Madrid of Spain and AS Monaco of France.

Ultimately the inaugural CWC was contested by just 10 clubs (with Fiorentina of Italy winning the two-legged final against the Scottish team Rangers F.C.) but the games were generally well attended and the response from the public and the media to the new tournament was positive and enthusiastic. For the tournament's second season in 1961–62, UEFA took over the running of all aspects of the competition and this time all the clubs eligible to enter accepted the opportunity.

By 1968, all UEFA member nations had set up domestic cup competitions due to the success of the Cup Winners' Cup which by then had firmly established itself as Europe's second most prestigious club competition.

Notable finals

Notable sides to have won the Cup Winners' Cup and some notable finals include:

  • 1963: Tottenham Hotspur 5–1 Atlético Madrid - Tottenham became the first British side to win a European trophy, beating reigning champions Atlético Madrid by a scoreline which remains the joint largest margin of victory in a one-match European final.
  • 1965: West Ham United 2-0 1860 Munich - Midpoint of the East End club's famous run of winning FA Cup, European Cup-Winners' Cup and World Cup (England's World Cup win being attributed to West Ham in popular mythology) in consecutive seasons.
  • 1971: Chelsea 2–1 Real Madrid - Chelsea won their first European trophy, defeating a Madrid team seeking their 7th in a replay (after a 1-1 [aet] draw in the initial match). They also knocked out the holders, Manchester City in the semi-final.
  • 1972: Rangers 3–2 Dynamo Moscow - Rangers' victory was marred by a pitch invasion by their fans, which led to a one-year ban for the team from European football, marking the first time the holders were unable to defend the title.
  • 1973: AC Milan 1–0 Leeds United - The crowd at the final reacted to perceived bias towards Milan by referee Christos Michas by throwing missiles during the victors' lap of honour, but despite protests the result was not overturned. Michas was later banned by UEFA from refereeing international club matches due to match fixing, although his role in this match was not investigated.
  • 1983: Aberdeen 2–1 Real Madrid - On 11 May 1983, Aberdeen managed by Sir Alex Ferguson beat Real Madrid 2–1 (after extra time) to win the Cup and become only the third Scottish side to win a European trophy. Aberdeen reached the semi-finals of the following season's European Cup Winners' Cup, before losing to Porto 2–0 on aggregate.
  • 1984: Juventus 2–1 F.C. Porto - Juventus would go on to become the second team after A.C. Milan (1968, 1969) to follow victory in the Cup Winners' Cup with a successful European Cup campaign.
  • 1988: Mechelen 1–0 Ajax - Mechelen became one of a handful of clubs to win a European trophy in their debut European campaign.
  • 1993: Parma 3-1 Antwerp - Minnows Parma would go on to play a further 2 consecutive finals, losing the following CWC final and then winning the 1995 UEFA Cup vs Juventus.
  • 1994: Arsenal 1–0 Parma - Alan Smith won the final, and Arsenal's second European trophy with a first half strike. This European campaign marked the introduction of the famous chant, "1-0 to The Arsenal".

No club managed to retain the Cup Winners' Cup (the so-called "CWC jinx"), although a number of teams followed up their victories with a losing appearance in the following season's final. This "curse" happened on 8 occasions and showed its impact immediately since Fiorentina, the first winners of this competition in 1961, lost the following years' final to Atlético Madrid, and they themselves lost the following final to Tottenham Hotspur in 1963. AC Milan were the third holders to share the same fate in 1974 vs FC Magdeburg. Anderlecht won it in both 1976 an 1978, and finished runners up in between, and Ajax failed to defend their title in 1988, losing out to K.V. Mechelen. In addition, three finals over four years between 1993 and 1997 saw the holder reach the final only to lose (Parma 1993 and 1994, Arsenal 1994 and 1995, and Paris Saint-Germain 1996 and 1997). In another instance the outcome was reversed after Sampdoria lost the final to Barcelona in 1989, they themselves won the competition the following year, defeating Anderlecht.


After the establishment of the UEFA Champions League (formerly called the European Champion Clubs' Cup) in the early 1990s, the standing and prestige of the Cup Winners' Cup began to decline. With the expansion of the Champions League in 1997 to allow more than one team from the highest-ranked member associations to enter, the CWC began to look noticeably inferior. At the time of the Champions League expansion, UEFA also considered expanding the CWC from 32 teams to 64 by allowing a second team to enter from many countries, although by what qualification criteria the second entrants would be determined were never settled upon – ultimately UEFA did not make any of these changes to the CWC. Many of the bigger teams who would previously have entered the CWC were now gaining entry to the Champions League instead by finishing second in their domestic league – such as CWC holders FC Barcelona in 1997/98 and Bayern Munich and PSV in 1998/99 – and this greatly weakened the CWC.

By the late 1990s, the CWC had come to be seen as a second-rate competition with only one or two big name teams available to enter each year and the interest in the tournament from both major clubs and the public dropped. Finally, with the further expansion of the UEFA Champions League to include as many as three or four teams from the top footballing nations, the decision was taken to abolish the competition after the end of the 1998/99 tournament. Since then, domestic cup winners who do not otherwise qualify for the Champions League are given a place in the UEFA Europa League, formerly known as the UEFA Cup before 2009.

The European Cup Winners Cup trophy itself is now on display at the National Football Museum in Manchester, England.

Records and statistics

Main article: UEFA Cup Winners' Cup records and statistics

By club

Team Winners Runners-up Years won Years runner-up
Flag of Spain Barcelona 4 2 1979, 1982, 1989, 1997 1969, 1991
Flag of Belgium Anderlecht 2 2 1976, 1978 1977, 1990
Flag of Italy Milan 2 1 1968, 1973 1974
Flag of England Chelsea 2 0 1971, 1998
Flag of Soviet UnionFlag of Ukraine Dynamo Kyiv 2 0 1975, 1986
Flag of Spain Atlético Madrid 1 2 1962 1963, 1986
Flag of Scotland Rangers 1 2 1972 1961, 1967
Flag of England Arsenal 1 2 1994 1980, 1995
Flag of Italy Fiorentina 1 1 1961 1962
Flag of England West Ham United 1 1 1965 1976
Flag of Germany Hamburg 1 1 1977 1968
Flag of Netherlands Ajax 1 1 1987 1988
Flag of Italy Sampdoria 1 1 1990 1989
Flag of Italy Parma 1 1 1993 1994
Flag of France Paris Saint-Germain 1 1 1996 1997
Flag of England Tottenham Hotspur 1 0 1963
Flag of Portugal Sporting CP 1 0 1964
Flag of Germany Borussia Dortmund 1 0 1966
Flag of Germany Bayern Munich 1 0 1967
Flag of CzechoslovakiaFlag of Slovakia Slovan Bratislava 1 0 1969
Flag of England Manchester City 1 0 1970
Flag of East GermanyFlag of Germany 1. FC Magdeburg 1 0 1974
Flag of Spain Valencia 1 0 1980
Flag of Soviet UnionFlag of Georgia Dinamo Tbilisi 1 0 1981
Flag of Scotland Aberdeen 1 0 1983
Flag of Italy Juventus 1 0 1984
Flag of England Everton 1 0 1985
Flag of Belgium KV Mechelen 1 0 1988
Flag of England Manchester United 1 0 1991
Flag of Germany Werder Bremen 1 0 1992
Flag of Spain Zaragoza 1 0 1995
Flag of Italy Lazio 1 0 1999

External links

UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup seasons

1960–61 · 1961–62 · 1962–63 · 1963–64 · 1964–65 · 1965–66 · 1966–67 · 1967–68 · 1968–69 · 1969–70 · 1970–71 · 1971–72 · 1972–73 · 1973–74 · 1974–75 · 1975–76 · 1976–77 · 1977–78 · 1978–79 · 1979–80 · 1980–81 · 1981–82 · 1982–83 · 1983–84 · 1984–85 · 1985–86 · 1986–87 · 1987–88 · 1988–89 · 1989–90 · 1990–91 · 1991–92 · 1992–93 · 1993–94 · 1994–95 · 1995–96 · 1996–97 · 1997–98 · 1998–99

UEFA Cup Winners' Cup finals

1961 · 1962 · 1963 · 1964 · 1965 · 1966 · 1967 · 1968 · 1969 · 1970 · 1971 · 1972 · 1973 · 1974 · 1975 · 1976 · 1977 · 1978 · 1979 · 1980 · 1981 · 1982 · 1983 · 1984 · 1985 · 1986 · 1987 · 1988 · 1989 · 1990 · 1991 · 1992 · 1993 · 1994 · 1995 · 1996 · 1997 · 1998 · 1999

UEFA Cup Winners' Cup winners

1961: Fiorentina • 1962: Atlético Madrid • 1963: Tottenham Hotspur • 1964: Sporting CP • 1965: West Ham United • 1966: Borussia Dortmund • 1967: Bayern Munich • 1968: Milan • 1969: Slovan Bratislava • 1970: Manchester City • 1971: Chelsea • 1972: Rangers • 1973: Milan • 1974: Magdeburg • 1975: Dynamo Kyiv • 1976: Anderlecht • 1977: Hamburg • 1978: Anderlecht • 1979: Barcelona • 1980: Valencia • 1981: Dinamo Tbilisi • 1982: Barcelona • 1983: Aberdeen • 1984: Juventus • 1985: Everton • 1986: Dynamo Kyiv • 1987: Ajax • 1988: Mechelen • 1989: Barcelona • 1990: Sampdoria • 1991: Manchester United • 1992: Werder Bremen • 1993: Parma • 1994: Arsenal • 1995: Real Zaragoza • 1996: Paris Saint-Germain • 1997: Barcelona • 1998: Chelsea • 1999: Lazio

International club football

CAFChampions League · Confederation Cup · Super Cup · Top-division clubs


AFCChampions League · AFC Cup · Top-division clubs


UEFAChampions League · Europa League · Super Cup · Top-division clubs

North America, Central America and the Caribbean

CONCACAFChampions League · Top-division clubs


OFCChampions League · Top-division clubs

South America

CONMEBOLCopa Libertadores · Copa Sudamericana · Recopa Sudamericana · Top-division clubs

Union of European Football Associations
UEFA club competitions

Champions League · Europa League · Cup Winners' Cup · Intertoto Cup · Super Cup · Women's Champions League · Futsal Cup

UEFA national competitions

European Championship · U-21 Championship · U-19 Championship · U-17 Championship · Women's Championship · Women's U-19 Championship · Women's U-17 Championship · Futsal Championship · Futsal U-21 Championship

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.