TFF First League
TFF 1.Lig logo
Country Turkey
Confederation UEFA (Europe)
Founded 2001
Number of teams 18 (2016–17)
Promotion to Süper Lig
Relegation to 2. Lig
Levels on pyramid 2
Domestic cup(s) Turkish Cup
Current champions Çaykur Rizespor (2017–18)
TV beIN Sport Turkey
Website Official website
Football current event 2018–19

The TFF First League is the second level of the Turkish football league system. The league was founded in 2001 as the Turkish Second League Category A after the reorganization of the Second Football League, which was the second level of the Turkish league system between 1963 and 2001. The league was called Türk Telekom Lig A in the 2006–2007 season, and was renamed to TFF First League prior to the 2007–08 season. As of 16 January 2008 the league was renamed as Bank Asya 1. Lig. In April 2012 Bank Asya withdrew as sponsor of the league. During the 2012-2016 seasons the league was known under the terms of a sponsorship deal as the PTT 1. Lig. Nowadays the league is called the TFF First League once again.

Before the 2005–06 season, the top three teams were promoted to Süper Lig and the bottom three teams were relegated to the Turkish Second League Category B. Since the 2005–06 season through 2008–09, the top two teams are directly promoted to the Süper Lig, the teams finishing 3rd through 6th competed in a play-off. The third-placed team played a match with the sixth-placed team, while the fourth-placed team played against the fifth-placed team. The winners of both matches then played against each other to decide the third team that was promoted. In 2009–10 the third team was determined by play-off group games, in which the 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th teams of normal season played in a one-game league system in a neutral venue. In 2010–11 play-off status changed again and elimination match system came back but this time on a two match (home and away) basis.

Current teams

Team City Stadium Capacity
Adana Demirspor Adana 5 Ocak Stadium 16,095
Adanaspor Adana 5 Ocak Stadium 16,095
Altınordu İzmir Doğanlar Stadium 12,500
Ankaragücü Ankara Ankara 19 Mayıs Stadium 19,219
Balıkesirspor Balıkesir Balıkesir Atatürk Stadium 15,800
Boluspor Bolu Bolu Atatürk Stadium 8,881
Büyükşehir Belediye Erzurumspor Erzurum Kazım Karabekir Stadium 23,700
Çaykur Rizespor Rize Yeni Rize Şehir Stadı 15,558
Denizlispor Denizli Denizli Atatürk Stadium 15,420
Elazığspor Elazığ Elazığ Atatürk Stadium 13,923
Eskişehirspor Eskişehir New Eskişehir Stadium 34,930
Gaziantepspor Gaziantep New Gaziantep Stadium 33,502
Gazişehir Gaziantep Gaziantep New Gaziantep Stadium 33,502
Giresunspor Giresun Giresun Atatürk Stadium 12,191
Istanbulspor Istanbul Atatürk Olympic Stadium 76,092
Manisaspor Manisa Manisa 19 Mayıs Stadium 16,597
Samsunspor Samsun Samsun Stadium 34,658
Ümraniyespor İstanbul Ümraniye İlçe Stadyumu 15,000

Past winners

Season Champion Runner Up Third Placed
2001–02 Altay S.K. Elazığspor Adanaspor
2002–03 Konyaspor Çaykur Rizespor A. Sebatspor
2003–04 Sakaryaspor Kayserispor 1 Ankaraspor
2004–05 Sivasspor Manisaspor Kayseri Erciyesspor 1
2005–06 Bursaspor Antalyaspor Sakaryaspor 2
2006–07 Gençlerbirliği OFTAŞ İstanbul Büyükşehir Belediyespor Kasımpaşa 2
2007–08 Kocaelispor Antalyaspor Eskişehirspor 2
2008–09 Manisaspor Diyarbakırspor Kasımpaşa 2
2009–10 Karabükspor Bucaspor Konyaspor 2
2010–11 Mersin İdmanyurdu Samsunspor Orduspor 2
2011–12 Akhisar Belediyespor Elazığspor Kasımpaşa 2
2012–13 Kayseri Erciyesspor Çaykur Rizespor Konyaspor 2
2013–14 İstanbul BB Balıkesirspor Mersin İdmanyurdu 2
2014–15 Kayserispor Osmanlispor Antalyaspor 2
2015–16 Adanaspor Karabükspor Alanyaspor 2
2016–17 Sivasspor Yeni Malatyaspor Göztepe S.K. 2
1 Kayseri Erciyesspor renamed themselves as Kayserispor. Kayserispor also became Kayseri Erciyesspor before the start of 2004–2005 season.</div>
2 These teams were play-off winners.</div>

Season Clubs
2001–02 Vestel Manisaspor, Mersin İdman Yurdu, Adana Demirspor 1
2002–03 Karşıyaka, Türk Telekomspor, Kayseri Erciyesspor
2003–04 Karagümrük Kyoto, Sarıyer, Mardinspor
2004–05 Uşakspor, Orduspor, Gaziantep BŞB.
2005–06 Kasımpaşa, Gençlerbirliği Asaşspor, Eskişehirspor 1
2006–07 Boluspor, Kartalspor, Giresunspor 1
2007–08 Adanaspor, Karabükspor, Güngören Belediyespor 1
2008–09 Bucaspor, Mersin İdman Yurdu, Çanakkale Dardanelspor 1
2009–10 Güngören Belediyespor, Akhisar Belediyespor, Tavşanlı Linyitspor 1
2010–11 Göztepe (White Group), Elazığspor (Red Group), Sakaryaspor 1
2011–12 Şanlıurfaspor (White Group), 1461 Trabzon (Red Group), Adana Demirspor 1
2012–13 Balıkesirspor (White Group), Kahramanmaraşspor (Red Group), Fethiyespor 1, Ankaraspor (Reinstated)
2013–14 Giresunspor (White Group), Altınordu (Red Group), Alanyaspor 1
2014–15 Göztepe (Red Group), Yeni Malatyaspor (White Group), 1461 Trabzon 1
2015–16 Manisaspor (Red Group), Ümraniyespor (White Group), Bandırmaspor 1
2016–17 MKE Ankaragücü (Red Group), Istanbulspor (White Group), Büyükşehir Belediye Erzurumspor 1
1 Third teams were play-off winner.</div>

Relegated teams

Season Clubs
2001–02 Hatayspor, Siirt Jetpaspor, Erciyesspor, Batman Petrolspor, Aydınspor
2002–03 Erzurumspor, Gümüşhane Doğanspor, Etimesgut Şekerspor
2003–04 Adana Demirspor, Göztepe, İzmirspor
2004–05 Sarıyer, Adanaspor, Fatih Karagümrük S.K.
2005–06 Mersin İdman Yurdu, Yimpaş Yozgatspor, Çanakkale Dardanelspor
2006–07 Türk Telekomspor, Akçaabat Sebatspor, Uşakspor
2007–08 Elazığspor, İstanbulspor, Mardinspor
2008–09 Sakaryaspor, Güngören Belediyespor, Malatyaspor
2009–10 Hacettepespor, Çanakkale Dardanelspor, Kocaelispor
2010–11 Altay, Diyarbakırspor, Ankaraspor (Expelled)
2011–12 Giresunspor, Sakaryaspor, İstanbul Güngörenspor
2012–13 Göztepe, Kartalspor, Ankaragücü
2013–14 Fethiyespor, 1461 Trabzon, Tavşanlı Linyitspor, Kahramanmaraşspor
2014–15 Manisaspor, Bucaspor, Orduspor
2015-16 1461 Trabzon, Kayseri Erciyesspor, Karşıyaka
2016-17 Şanlıurfaspor, Bandırmaspor, Mersin Idman Yurdu

External links

See also

Template:TFF First League

TFF First League seasons

2016–17 · 2017–18 · 2018–19 ·

Football in Turkey
League competitions The TFF Cup competitions
Süper Lig Turkey Turkish Super Cup
First League (U-21) Turkish Cup
Second League List of clubs
Third League List of stadiums
List of leagues
Second level football leagues of Europe (UEFA)

Albania · Andorra · Armenia · Austria · Azerbaijan · Belarus · Belgium · Bosnia and Herzegovina (Federation and Republika Srpska) · Bulgaria · Croatia · Cyprus · Czech Republic · Denmark · England · Estonia · Faroe Islands · Finland · France · Georgia · Germany · Greece · Hungary · Iceland · Republic of Ireland · Israel · Italy · Kazakhstan · Latvia · Lithuania · Luxembourg · Rep. of Macedonia · Malta · Moldova · Montenegro · Netherlands · Northern Ireland · Norway · Poland · Portugal · Romania · Russia · San Marino (defunct) · Scotland · Serbia · Slovakia · Slovenia · Spain · Sweden · Switzerland · Turkey · Ukraine · Wales (North and South)

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.