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Scottish Football Association
Scottish Football Association logo
Founded 13 March 1873
Fifa affiliation 1910
Region UEFA
Region affiliation 1954
Subregion IFAB
Subregion affiliation 1886
President Alan McRae

The Scottish Football Association (also known as the SFA and the Scottish FA), or Comann Ball-coise na h-Alba in Scottish Gaelic, is the governing body of football in Scotland and has the ultimate responsibility for the control and development of football in Scotland. Members of the SFA include clubs in Scotland, affiliated national associations as well as local associations. It was formed in 1873, making it the second oldest national football association in the world. It is not to be confused with the "Scottish Football Union", which is the name that the SRU was known by until the 1920s.

The Scottish Football Association sits on the International Football Association Board which is responsible for the laws of the game. The SFA is also a member of FIFA and founder member of UEFA. It is based at Hampden Park in Glasgow. In addition, the Scottish Football Museum is located there.

The Scottish Football Association is responsible for the operation of the Scotland national football team, the annual Scottish Cup and several other duties important to the functioning of the game in Scotland.

History

Following the formation of Scotland's earliest football clubs in the 1860s, football experienced a rapid growth but there was no formal structure, and matches were often arranged in a haphazard and irregular fashion.

Queen's Park, a Glasgow club founded in 1867, took the lead, and following an advertisement in a Glasgow newspaper in 1873, representatives from seven clubs – Queen's Park, Clydesdale, Vale of Leven, Dumbreck, Third Lanark, Eastern and Granville – attended a meeting on 13 March 1873. Furthermore, Kilmarnock sent a letter stating their willingness to join.

That day, these eight clubs formed the Scottish Football Association, and resolved that:{{quote|The clubs here represented form themselves into an association for the promotion of football according to the rules of The Football Association and that the clubs connected with this association subscribe for a challenge cup to be played for annually, the committee to propose the laws of the competition.

Chief executive

The chief executive of the Scottish Football Association oversees the development of football in Scotland and the administration of disciplinary matters, and is also responsible for the general organisation of the national side. One of the most prominent roles of the chief executive is to hire and dismiss Scotland national football team managers.

There have been eight chief executives since 1882:

  • John McDowall (1882–1928)
  • Sir George Graham (1928–1957)
  • Willie Allan (1957–1977)
  • Ernie Walker CBE (1977–1990)
  • Jim Farry (1990–1999)
  • David Taylor (1999–2007)
  • Gordon Smith (2007–2010)
  • Stewart Regan (2010–present)

National teams

As well as the Scotland national football team, the Scottish Football Association is also currently responsible for organising the Scotland B national football team, as well as men's national teams at under-21, under-19, under-18 and under-17 levels. There was also a semi-professional team, but this was disbanded in 2008. In women's football, there is the full Scotland women's national football team, under-19 and under-17 teams.

Scottish FA regions

Scottish FA six regions.

  • Scottish FA West Region
  • Scottish FA South West Region
  • Scottish FA North Region
  • Scottish FA South East Region
  • Scottish FA Central Region
  • Scottish FA East Region

Club competitions

The Scottish Football Association organises the Scottish Cup and the Scottish Youth Cup. Although the SFA are not involved in the day-to-day operation of the Scottish Professional Football League or other league competitions, they do appoint referees to officiate the games in these leagues.

Club licensing

The Scottish Football Association encourages quality of governance in football clubs through a system of club licence awards. All SFA member clubs are assessed annually in four areas (grounds, first team support, youth team support, and governance) and, if appropriate, awarded a licence at gold, silver, bronze or entry level. As of January 2015, gold-level licences have been awarded to only two clubs, Celtic and Hibernian. All clubs in the Scottish Professional Football League are required to be licensed at entry level or above, this has been extended to the Highland Football League and Lowland Football League.

Member clubs

As of June 2015, 86 clubs are full members of the Scottish Football Association, comprising:

Affiliated associations

National associations

The Scottish Football Association has affiliated to it the following six national associations:

External links

Football in Scotland
League competitions The SFA Cup competitions
Scottish Premiership Scotland (B) (C) Scottish Cup
Scottish Football League (U-21) (U-20) Scottish League Cup
(Championship, League 1, League 2) (U-19) (U-17) Scottish Challenge Cup
Scottish Non-League List of clubs
(East of Scotland · South of Scotland · Highland · Lowland) List of stadiums
SJFA West · SJFA East · SJFA North (by capacity)
List of leagues
National football associations of Europe (UEFA)
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Defunct

East Germany · Saarland · Soviet Union · Yugoslavia

International football

FIFA · World Cup · Confederations Cup · U-20 World Cup · U-17 World Cup · Minor tournaments · World Rankings · Player of the Year · Teams · Competitions · Federations · Codes

Confederation Competitions
AFC Asian Cup
CAF Africa Cup of Nations
CONCACAF Gold Cup
CONMEBOL Copa América
OFC Nations Cup
UEFA European Championship
Non-FIFA N.F.-Board · Viva World Cup
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