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A penalty kick (also known as penalty or spot kick) is a type of direct free kick in association football, taken from 12 yards (approximately 11 metres) out from the goal, on the penalty mark.

Penalty kicks are performed during normal play. They are awarded when a foul normally punishable by a direct free kick is committed within the offending player's own penalty area. Similar kicks are made in a penalty shootout in some tournaments to determine which team is victorious after a drawn match; though similar in procedure, these are not penalty kicks and are governed by slightly different rules.

Laws of the Game (rules of association football)

Law 1: The Field of Play · Law 2: The Ball · Law 3: The Players · Law 4: The Players' Equipment · Law 5: The Referee · Law 6: The Other Match Officials · Law 7: The Duration of the Match · Law 8: The start and restart of play · Law 9: The Ball In and Out of Play · Law 10: Determining the outcome of the match · Law 11: Offside · Law 12: Fouls and Misconduct · Law 13: Free kicks (direct and indirect) · Law 14: The Penalty Kick · Law 15: The Throw-In · Law 16: The Goal Kick · Law 17: The Corner Kick

Comparisons
Football and Rugby Union · Football and Futsal IFAB
England The Football Association · Scotland Scottish Football Association · Flag of Wales Football Association of Wales · Flag of Northern Ireland Irish Football Association · Flag of FIFA.svg FIFA
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