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League One
League One
Country  England
Confederation UEFA
Founded 2004
1992–2004 (as Division Two)
1958–1992 (as Division Three)
1921–1958 (as Division Three North/South)
1920–1921 (as Division Three)
Number of teams 24
Promotion to Championship
Relegation to League Two
Levels on pyramid 3
Domestic cup(s) FA Cup
EFL Trophy
UEFA cup(s) Europa League
(via domestic cups or league cups)
Current champions Hull City (2020–21)
TV Sky Sports
Quest (highlights only)
Website Official website
Football current event.png 2021–22

The English Football League One (often referred to as League One for short or Sky Bet League 1 for sponsorship reasons) is the second-highest division of the English Football League and the third tier in the English football league system.

League One was introduced for the 2004–05 season. It was previously known as the Football League Second Division and prior to the advent of the Premier League, the Football League Third Division.

At present (2018–19 season), Walsall hold the longest tenure in League One, last being out of the division in the 2006–07 season when they were promoted from League Two. There are currently seven former Premier League clubs competing in League One, namely Barnsley (1997–98), Blackpool (2010–11), Bradford City (2000–01), Charlton Athletic (2006–07), Coventry City (2000–01), Portsmouth (2009–10) and Sunderland (2016–17).


There are 24 clubs in League One. Each club plays every other club twice (once at home and once away). Three points are awarded for a win, one for a draw and zero for a loss. At the end of the season a table of the final League standings is determined, based on the following criteria in this order: points obtained, goal difference, goals scored, an aggregate of the results between two or more clubs (ranked using the previous three criteria) and, finally, a series of one or more play-off matches.

At the end of each season the top two clubs, together with the winner of the play-offs between the clubs which finished in 3rd–6th position, are promoted to Football League Championship and are replaced by the three clubs that finished at the bottom of that division.

Similarly, the four clubs that finished at the bottom of Football League One are relegated to Football League Two and are replaced by the top three clubs and the club that won the 4th–7th place play-offs in that division.

Media coverage

Sky Sports currently show live League One matches with highlights shown on Channel 5 on their programme called Football League Tonight, which also broadcasts highlights of Football League Championship and Football League Two matches. The show is available on the red button the following Sunday until midday and is available on iPlayer all the following week. Highlights of all games in the Football League are also available to view separately on the Sky Sports website. In Sweden, TV4 Sport has the rights of broadcasting from the league. A couple of league matches during the season of 09/10 including play-off matches and the play-off final to the Championship were shown. In Australia, Setanta Sports Australia broadcasts live Championship matches. In the USA and surrounding countries including Cuba, some Football League Championship, Football League One and Football League Two games are shown on beIN Sports.

Current members (2018–19)

The following 24 clubs are competing in League One during the 2018–19 season.

Club Finishing position last season Location Stadium Capacity
Accrington Stanley &0000000000000025.0000001st in League Two (promoted) Accrington Crown Ground 5,057 (2,000 seated)
AFC Wimbledon &0000000000000018.00000018th London (Kingston upon Thames) Kingsmeadow 4,850 (2,265 seated)
Barnsley &0000000000000000.22000022nd in Championship (relegated) Barnsley Oakwell 23,009
Blackpool &0000000000000012.00000012th Blackpool Bloomfield Road 17,338
Bradford City &0000000000000011.00000011th Bradford Valley Parade 25,136
Bristol Rovers &0000000000000013.00000013th Bristol Memorial Stadium 12,300
Burton Albion &0000000000000000.23000023rd in Championship (relegated) Burton upon Trent Pirelli Stadium 6,912 (2,034 seated)
Charlton Athletic &0000000000000006.0000006th London (Charlton) The Valley 27,111
Coventry City &0000000000000030.0000006th in League Two (promoted via play-offs) Coventry Ricoh Arena 32,500
Doncaster Rovers &0000000000000015.00000015th Doncaster Keepmoat Stadium 15,231
Fleetwood Town &0000000000000014.00000014th Fleetwood Highbury Stadium 5,311 (2,701 seated)
Gillingham &0000000000000017.00000017th Gillingham Priestfield Stadium 11,582
Luton Town &0000000000000026.0000002nd in League Two (promoted) Luton Kenilworth Road 10,226
Oxford United &0000000000000016.00000016th Oxford Kassam Stadium 12,500
Peterborough United &0000000000000009.0000009th Peterborough ABAX Stadium 15,314
Plymouth Argyle &0000000000000007.0000007th Plymouth Home Park 17,441
Portsmouth &0000000000000008.0000008th Portsmouth Fratton Park 21,100
Rochdale &0000000000000020.00000020th Rochdale Spotland 10,249
Scunthorpe United &0000000000000005.0000005th Scunthorpe Glanford Park 9,088
Shrewsbury Town &0000000000000003.0000003rd Shrewsbury New Meadow 9,875
Southend United &0000000000000010.00000010th Southend-on-Sea Roots Hall 12,392
Sunderland &0000000000000000.24000024th in Championship (relegated) Sunderland Stadium of Light 48,707
Walsall &0000000000000019.00000019th Walsall Bescot Stadium 11,300
Wycombe Wanderers &0000000000000027.0000003rd in League Two (promoted) High Wycombe Adams Park 10,300

Teams promoted from League One

Season Winner Runner-up Promoted Play-off Winner
2004–05 Luton Town Hull City Sheffield Wednesday
2005–06 Southend United Colchester United Barnsley
2006–07 Scunthorpe United Bristol City Blackpool
2007–08 Swansea City Nottingham Forest Doncaster Rovers
2008–09 Leicester City Peterborough United Scunthorpe United
2009–10 Norwich City Leeds United Millwall
2010–11 Brighton & Hove Albion Southampton Peterborough United
2011–12 Charlton Athletic Sheffield Wednesday Huddersfield Town
2012–13 Doncaster Rovers Bournemouth Yeovil Town
2013–14 Wolverhampton Wanderers Brentford Rotherham United
2014–15 Bristol City Milton Keynes Dons Preston North End
2015–16 Wigan Athletic Burton Albion Barnsley
2016-17 Sheffield United Bolton Wanderers Millwall (6th)
2017-18 Wigan Athletic Blackburn Rovers Rotherham United (4th)
2018–19 Luton Town Barnsley Charlton Athletic (3rd)
2019–20 Coventry City Rotherham United TBC (3rd)

Play-off results

Main article: Football League One play-offs
Season Semi-final (1st Leg) Semi-final (2nd Leg) Final
2004–05 Sheffield Wednesday 1–0 Brentford

Hartlepool United 2–0 Tranmere Rovers

Brentford 1–2 Sheffield Wednesday

Tranmere Rovers 2–0 Hartlepool United
(Hartlepool won 6–5 on penalties, AET)

Sheffield Wednesday 4–2 Hartlepool United AET
2005–06 Barnsley 0–1 Huddersfield Town

Swansea City 1–1 Brentford

Huddersfield Town 1–3 Barnsley

Brentford 0–2 Swansea City

Barnsley 2–2 Swansea City

(Barnsley won 4–3 on penalties, AET)

2006–07 Yeovil Town 0–2 Nottingham Forest
Oldham Athletic 1–2 Blackpool
Nottingham Forest 2–5 Yeovil Town AET
Blackpool 3–1 Oldham Athletic
Blackpool 2–0 Yeovil Town
2007–08 Southend United 0–0 Doncaster Rovers
Leeds United 1–2 Carlisle United
Doncaster Rovers 5–1 Southend United
Carlisle United 0–2 Leeds United
Leeds United 0–1 Doncaster Rovers
2008–09 Scunthorpe United 1–1 Milton Keynes Dons
Millwall 1–0 Leeds United
Milton Keynes Dons 0–0 Scunthorpe United

(Scunthorpe won 7–6 on penalties, AET) Leeds United 1–1 Millwall

Scunthorpe United 3–2 Millwall
2009–10 Swindon Town 2–1 Charlton Athletic

Huddersfield Town 0–0 Millwall

Charlton Athletic 2–1 Swindon Town

(Swindon won 5–4 on penalties, AET) Millwall 2–0 Huddersfield Town

Millwall 1–0 Swindon Town
2010–11 Bournemouth 1–1 Huddersfield Town

Milton Keynes Dons 3–2 Peterborough United

Huddersfield Town 3–3 Bournemouth

(Huddersfield won 4–2 on penalties, AET)
Peterborough United 2–0 Milton Keynes Dons

Huddersfield Town 0–3 Peterborough United
2011–12 Stevenage 0–0 Sheffield United

Milton Keynes Dons 0–2 Huddersfield Town

Sheffield United 1–0 Stevenage

Huddersfield Town 1–2 Milton Keynes Dons

Huddersfield Town 0–0 Sheffield United

(Huddersfield won 8–7 on penalties, AET)

2012–13 Sheffield United 1–0 Yeovil Town

Swindon Town 1–1 Brentford

Yeovil Town 2–0 Sheffield United

Brentford 3–3 Swindon Town
(Brentford won 5–4 on penalties, AET)

Brentford 1–2 Yeovil Town
2013–14 Peterborough United 1–1 Leyton Orient

Preston North End 1–1 Rotherham United

Leyton Orient 2–1 Peterborough United

Rotherham United 3–1 Preston North End

Leyton Orient 2–2 Rotherham United

(Rotherham won 4–3 on penalties, AET)

2014–15 Chesterfield 0–1 Preston North End
Sheffield United 1–2 Swindon Town
Preston North End 3–0 Chesterfield
Swindon Town 5–5 Sheffield United
Preston North End 4–0 Swindon Town
2015–16 Barnsley 3–0 Walsall
Bradford City 1–3 Millwall
Walsall 1–3 Barnsley
Millwall 1–1 Bradford City
Barnsley 3–1 Millwall
2016–17 Millwall 0–0 Scunthorpe United

Bradford City 1–0 Fleetwood Town

Scunthorpe United 2–3 Millwall

Fleetwood Town 0–0 Bradford City

Bradford City 0–1 Millwall
2017–18 Charlton Athletic 0–1 Shrewsbury Town

Scunthorpe United 2–2 Rotherham United

Shrewsbury Town 1–0 Charlton Athletic

Rotherham United 2–0 Scunthorpe United

Rotherham United 2–1 Shrewsbury Town (AET)

Relegated teams

Season Clubs
2004–05 Torquay United, Wrexham, Peterborough United, Stockport County
2005–06 Hartlepool United, Milton Keynes Dons, Swindon Town, Walsall
2006–07 Chesterfield, Bradford City, Rotherham United, Brentford
2007–08 Bournemouth, Gillingham, Port Vale, Luton Town
2008–09 Northampton Town, Crewe Alexandra, Cheltenham Town, Hereford United
2009–10 Gillingham, Wycombe Wanderers, Southend United, Stockport County
2010–11 Dagenham and Redbridge, Bristol Rovers, Plymouth Argyle, Swindon Town
2011–12 Wycombe Wanderers, Chesterfield, Exeter City, Rochdale
2012–13 Scunthorpe United, Bury, Hartlepool United, Portsmouth
2013–14 Stevenage, Shrewsbury Town, Carlisle United, Tranmere Rovers
2014–15 Crawley Town, Leyton Orient, Yeovil Town, Notts County
2015–16 Crewe Alexandra, Blackpool, Colchester United, Doncaster Rovers
2016–17 Port Vale, Coventry City, Swindon Town, Chesterfield
2017–18 Oldham Athletic, Northampton Town, Milton Keynes Dons, Bury
2018–19 Plymouth Argyle
Scunthorpe United
Bradford City

Top scorers

Season Top scorer Club Goals
2004–05 Flag of Northern Ireland Stuart Elliott Hull City 27
Flag of England Dean Windass Bradford City
2005–06 Flag of Wales Freddy Eastwood Southend United 23
Flag of England Billy Sharp Scunthorpe United
2006–07 Flag of England Billy Sharp Scunthorpe United 30
2007–08 Flag of Trinidad and Tobago Jason Scotland Swansea City 24
2008–09 Flag of Republic of Ireland Simon Cox Swindon Town 29
Flag of England Rickie Lambert Bristol Rovers
2009–10 Flag of England Rickie Lambert Southampton 30
2010–11 Flag of Scotland Craig Mackail-Smith Peterborough United 27
2011–12 Flag of Scotland Jordan Rhodes Huddersfield Town 36
2012–13 Flag of Republic Ireland Paddy Madden Yeovil Town 24
2013–14 Flag of England Sam Baldock Bristol City 24
2014–15 Flag of England Joe Garner Preston North End 26
2015–16 Flag of Northern Ireland Will Grigg Wigan Athletic 25
2016–17 Flag of England Billy Sharp Sheffield United 30

Financial Fair Play

Starting from the 2012–13 season, a Financial Fair Play arrangement has been in place in all 3 divisions of the Football League, the intention being eventually to produce a league of financially self-sustaining clubs. In League One, this takes the form of a Salary Cost Management Protocol in which a maximum of 60% of a club's turnover may be spent on players' wages, with sanctions being applied in the form of transfer embargoes.

See also

External links

Football League One Portal

EFL League One 2020–21

Accrington Stanley · AFC Wimbledon · Blackpool · Bristol Rovers · Burton Albion · Charlton Athletic · Crewe Alexandra · Doncaster Rovers · Fleetwood Town · Gillingham · Hull City · Ipswich Town · Lincoln City · Milton Keynes Dons · Northampton Town · Oxford United · Peterborough United · Plymouth Argyle · Portsmouth · Rochdale · Shrewsbury Town · Swindon Town · Sunderland · Wigan Athletic

EFL League One seasons

1992-93 · 1993-94 · 1994-95 · 1995-96 · 1996-97 · 1997-98 · 1998-99 · 1999-00 · 1992-01 · 2001-02 · 2002-03 · 2003-04 · 2004-05 · 2005-06 · 2006-07 · 2007-08 · 2008-09 · 2009-10 · 2010-11 · 2011-12 · 2012-13 · 2013-14 · 2014-15 · 2015-16 · 2016-17 · 2017-18 · 2018-19 · 2019-20 · 2020-21 · 2021-22 ·

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