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CONCACAF
Champions League
2015–16 CONCACAF Champions League
Country North, Central America and the
Caribbean (CONCACAF)
Founded 1962
(2018 in current format)
Number of teams 16 (from 9 or 10 associations)
Current champions Flag of Mexico Guadalajara (2nd title) (2016–17)
Most successful club Flag of Mexico América (7 titles)
Website Official website
Football current event 2018

The CONCACAF Champions League is the annual international club football championship for teams from the CONCACAF region (North America, Central America, and the Caribbean). The winner of the CONCACAF Champions League qualifies for the FIFA Club World Cup.

Prior to 2008, the top-level competition for CONCACAF club teams was the CONCACAF Champions' Cup, sometimes called simply the Champions' Cup. The tournament was played in a variety of formats over the years. In 2008, CONCACAF announced a change in both name and format, inviting twenty-four teams to participate in a preliminary round, group stage, and knockout tournament called the CONCACAF Champions' League.

Between 2008-09 and 2011–12, the tournament was played as a twenty-four team tournament with a preliminary round, followed by a sixteen-team group stage (four groups of four), followed by an eight-team home-and-away single-elimination tournament. In early 2012, CONCACAF announced a new format for the 2012-2013 CONCACAF Champions' League. Under the new format, the preliminary round would be eliminated, and group play would consist of eight groups of three teams each, with each group winner advancing to the quarterfinals.

The title has been won by 27 different clubs, 11 of which have won the title more than once. The all-time record-holders are Cruz Azul and América, who have won the competition five times each. Mexico's Primera División is, by far, the most successful league, amassing 27 wins in the tournament. Until 2011, when Major League Soccer team Real Salt Lake reached the finals, each CONCACAF Champions League final had been an all-Mexican affair. The Mexican Primera División also holds the record for most appearances in the final of both the Champions Cup and Champions League as well as the highest number of winning clubs.

In the Champions' Cup era, the second most successful league has been Costa Rica's Primera División, while in the Champions League era, the second most successful league has been the United States and Canada's Major League Soccer.

History

Champions' Cup era (1962–2008)

The competition's former format, a knockout tournament called the Champions' Cup, was played under a variety of formats. The last format, used from 2004 to 2008, had eight teams competing – four from the North American zone (two from Mexico, two from the United States/Canada), three from the Central American zone, and one from the Caribbean zone. Since 2005, the champion of the competition also gained entry into the FIFA Club World Cup, giving clubs an added incentive for a strong participation and greater interest from fans. Also the Champions' Cup Runner-up would be one of the three CONCACAF invitees to the Copa Sudamericana.

Champions League era (2008–present)

The CONCACAF Executive Committee at their 2006 November meeting decided to "act upon" a proposal at their next meeting by the CONCACAF Secretariat to develop the CONCACAF Champions’ Cup into a larger “Champions League” style event. The CONCACAF Executive Committee reported on November 14, 2007 some of the details. The previous Champions' Cup format was used as planned in the Spring of 2008. Then, a newly expanded Champions League tournament was conducted starting in August 2008 and concluding in May 2009. The setup involves 24 teams initially and features a Preliminary Round contested by some of the teams to reduce the field to 16 teams, which are separated into 4 groups of four teams. After the Group Stage, the Championship Round are held from the Quarterfinal Round onward.

Qualifying

The current format features 24 teams in total.

From the North American Zone:

4 clubs from Flag of Mexico Mexico
4 club from the Flag of the United States United States
1 club from Flag of Canada Canada

From the Central American Zone:

2 clubs from Flag of Costa Rica Costa Rica
2 clubs from Flag of El Salvador El Salvador
2 clubs from Flag of Guatemala Guatemala
2 clubs from Flag of Honduras Honduras
2 clubs from Panama Panama
1 club from Flag of Nicaragua Nicaragua
1 club from Flag of Belize Belize

From the Caribbean Zone:

3 clubs, qualifying via the CFU Club Championship.

The four teams qualifying from the United States are the two MLS Cup finalists, the winner of the MLS Supporters' Shield (awarded to the team with the best regular season record), and the winner of the Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup. Should the same team qualify multiple times and/or should a Canadian team occupy one or more of the MLS qualifying places, then the American MLS team(s) with the best regular season records not otherwise qualified will be entered.

The team qualifying from Canada is the winner of the Amway Canadian Championship.

Stadium standards

If a club fails to meet the standards for its home stadium, this club must find a suitable stadium in its own country. If said club fails to provide the adequate facilities, it will run the risk of being replaced.

  • Central America: If one or more of the twelve Central American clubs is precluded, it will be supplanted by a club from the best Central American league, based on results from the current Champions League.
  • Caribbean: If any Caribbean club is precluded, it will be supplanted by the club who finished 4th in the CFU Club Championship.

Format

There will be a two-legged Preliminary Round for 16 clubs, with the eight winners advancing to the Group Stage. The other eight teams (two from the United States, two from Mexico, and one each from Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras) will be seeded directly into the Group Stage. The winners of the Preliminary Round and the seeded clubs will play in the Group Stage in four groups of four, with each team playing the others in its group twice, both home and away. The top two teams from each group will qualify for the Championship Round, which will consist of home-and-away elimination. The Final Round, in late April, will also be two-legged, home-and-away. In contrast to the Champions' Cup, the away goals rule will be used in the Champions League, but will not apply after a tie has gone into extra time.

Finals

Year CONCACAF Champions Cup era
Winner Score Runner-up
1962 Guadalajara Flag of Mexico 1 – 0 / 5 – 0
Aggregate 6 – 0
Flag of Guatemala Comunicaciones
1963 Haïtien Flag of Haiti (2) Flag of Mexico Guadalajara
1967 Alianza Flag of El Salvador 1 – 2 / 3 – 0
Aggregate 4 – 2
Flag of the Netherlands Antilles Jong Colombia
1968 Deportivo Toluca Flag of Mexico (2)
1969 Cruz Azul Flag of Mexico 0 – 0 / 1 – 0
Aggregate 1 – 0
Flag of Guatemala Comunicaciones
1970 Cruz Azul Flag of Mexico (2)
1971 Cruz Azul Flag of Mexico (1) Flag of Costa Rica Alajuelense
1972 Olimpia Flag of Honduras 0 – 0 / 2 – 0
Aggregate 2 – 0
Flag of Dutch Guyana Robinhood
1973 Transvaal Flag of Dutch Guyana (2)
1974 Municipal Flag of Guatemala 2 – 1 / 2 – 1
Aggregate 4 – 2
Flag of Dutch Guyana Transvaal
1975 Atlético Español Flag of Mexico 2 – 0 / 1 – 1
Aggregate 3 – 1
Flag of Suriname Transvaal
1976 Águila Flag of El Salvador 6 – 1 / 2 – 1
Aggregate 8 – 2
Flag of Suriname Robinhood
1977 América Flag of Mexico 1 – 0 / 0 – 0
Aggregate 1 – 0
Flag of Suriname Robinhood
1978 Universidad de Guadalajara Flag of Mexico
Comunicaciones Flag of Guatemala
Defence Force Trinidad and Tobago
(3)
1979 FAS Flag of El Salvador 1 – 0 / 8 – 0
Aggregate 9 – 0
Flag of the Netherlands Antilles Jong Colombia
1980 UNAM Flag of Mexico (1) Flag of Honduras Universidad
1981 Transvaal Flag of Suriname 1 – 0 / 1 – 1
Aggregate 2 – 1
Flag of El Salvador Atlético Marte
1982 UNAM Flag of Mexico 0 – 0 / 3 – 2
Aggregate 3 – 2
Flag of Suriname Robinhood
1983 Atlante Flag of Mexico 1 – 1 / 5 – 0
Aggregate 6 – 1
Flag of Suriname Robinhood
1984 Violette Flag of Haiti (2)
1985 Defence Force Trinidad and Tobago 2 – 0 / 0 – 1
Aggregate 2 – 1
Flag of Honduras Olimpia
1986 Alajuelense Flag of Costa Rica 4 – 1 / 1 – 1
Aggregate 5 – 2
Flag of Suriname Transvaal
1987 América Flag of Mexico 1 – 1 / 2 – 0
Aggregate 3 – 1
Trinidad and Tobago Defence Force
1988 Olimpia Flag of Honduras 2 – 0 / 2 – 0
Aggregate 4 – 0
Trinidad and Tobago Defence Force
1989 UNAM Flag of Mexico 1 – 1 / 3 – 1
Aggregate 4 – 2
Flag of Cuba FC Pinar del Río
1990 América Flag of Mexico 2 – 2 / 6 – 0
Aggregate 8 – 2
Flag of CubaFC Pinar del Río
1991 Puebla Flag of Mexico 3 – 1 / 1 – 1
Aggregate 4 – 2
Trinidad and Tobago Police FC
1992 América Flag of Mexico 1 – 0 Flag of Costa Rica Alajuelense
1993 Saprissa Flag of Costa Rica (1) Flag of Mexico León
1994 Cartaginés Flag of Costa Rica 3 – 2 Flag of Mexico Atlante
1995 Saprissa Flag of Costa Rica (1) Flag of Guatemala Municipal
1996 Cruz Azul Flag of Mexico (1) Flag of Mexico Necaxa
1997 Cruz Azul Flag of Mexico 5 – 3 Flag of the United States Los Angeles Galaxy
1998 D.C. United Flag of the United States 1 – 0 Flag of Mexico Deportivo Toluca
1999 Necaxa Flag of Mexico 2 – 1 Flag of Costa Rica Alajuelense
2000 Los Angeles Galaxy Flag of the United States 3 – 2 Flag of Honduras Olimpia
2002 Pachuca Flag of Mexico 1 – 0 Flag of Mexico Monarcas Morelia
2003 Deportivo Toluca Flag of Mexico 3 – 3 / 2 – 1
Aggregate 5 – 4
Flag of Mexico Monarcas Morelia
2004 Alajuelense Flag of Costa Rica 1 – 1 / 4 – 0
Aggregate 5 – 1
Flag of Costa Rica Saprissa
2005 Saprissa Flag of Costa Rica 2 – 0 / 1 – 2
Aggregate 3 – 2
Flag of Mexico UNAM
2006 América Flag of Mexico 0 – 0 / 2 – 1
Aggregate 2 – 1
Flag of Mexico Deportivo Toluca
2007 Pachuca Flag of Mexico 2 – 2 / 0 – 0
Aggregate 2 – 2
7–6p
Flag of Mexico Guadalajara
2008 Pachuca Flag of Mexico 1 – 1 / 2 – 1
Aggregate 3 – 2
Flag of Costa Rica Saprissa
Year CONCACAF Champions League era
Winner Score Runner-up
2008-09 Atlante Flag of Mexico 2 – 0 / 0 – 0
Aggregate 2 – 0
Flag of Mexico Cruz Azul
2009-10 Pachuca Flag of Mexico 1 – 2 / 1 – 0
Aggregate 2 – 2
Flag of Mexico Cruz Azul
2010-11 Monterrey Flag of Mexico 2 – 2 / 1 – 0
Aggregate 3 – 2
Flag of the United States Real Salt Lake
2011-12 Monterrey Flag of Mexico 2 – 0 / 1 – 2
Aggregate 3 – 2
Flag of Mexico Santos Laguna

<div id="1" />1 No final match was held; the championship was decided by a final round. <div id="2" />2 Championship won due to withdrawal and/or disqualification of all other teams. <div id="3" />3 Universidad de Guadalajara, Comunicaciones and Defence Force were all declared joint winners after the final tournament was cancelled due to administrative problems and disagreements on match dates.

Records and statistics

Main article: CONCACAF Champions' Cup and Champions League records and statistics

Top-ten clubs

Rank Team Wins Runners-up Years won Years runner-up
1 Flag of Mexico Cruz Azul 5 2 1969, 1970, 1971, 1996, 1997 2009, 2010
2 Flag of Mexico América 5 0 1977, 1987, 1990, 1992, 2006
3 Flag of Mexico Pachuca 4 0 2002, 2007, 2008, 2010
4 Flag of Costa Rica Saprissa 3 2 1993, 1995, 2005 2004, 2008
5 Flag of Mexico UNAM 3 1 1980, 1982, 1989 2005
6 Flag of Suriname Transvaal 2 3 1973, 1981 1974, 1975, 1986
Flag of Costa Rica Alajuelense 2 3 1986, 2004 1971, 1992, 1999
8 Flag of Mexico Toluca 2 2 1968, 2003 1998, 2006
Flag of Honduras Olimpia 2 2 1972, 1988 1985, 2000
Trinidad and Tobago Defence Force 2 2 1978, 1985 1987, 1988
Flag of Mexico Monterrey 2 0 2011, 2012

Top-ten nations

Rank Nation Winner Runner-up Winners Runners-up
1 Flag of Mexico Mexico 28 13 Cruz Azul (5), América (5), Pachuca (4), UNAM (3), Toluca (2), Atlante (2), Monterrey (2), Guadalajara (1), Necaxa (1), Puebla (1), Universidad de Guadalajara (1), Español (1) Guadalajara (2), Cruz Azul (2), Deportivo Toluca (2), Monarcas Morelia (2), UNAM (1), Necaxa (1), Atlante (1), León (1), Santos (1)
2 Flag of Costa Rica.png Costa Rica 6 5 Saprissa (3), Alajuelense (2), Cartaginés (1) Alajuelense (3), Saprissa (2)
3 Flag of El Salvador.png El Salvador 3 1 Alianza (1), Águila (1), FAS (1) Atlético Marte (1)
4 Flag of Suriname.png Suriname 2 8 Transvaal (2) Robinhood (5), Transvaal (3)
5 Flag of Guatemala.png Guatemala 2 3 Municipal (1), Comunicaciones (1) Comunicaciones (2), Municipal (1)
Flag of Honduras.png Honduras 2 3 Olimpia (2) Olimpia (2), Universidad (1)
Trinidad and Tobago.png Trinidad and Tobago 2 3 Defence Force (2) Defence Force (2), Police FC (1)
8 Flag of the United States.png United States 2 2 D.C. United (1), Los Angeles Galaxy (1) Los Angeles Galaxy (1), Real Salt Lake (1)
9 Flag of Haiti.png Haiti 2 0 Haïtien (1), Violette (1)
10 Flag of Cuba.png Cuba 0 2 Pinar del Río (2)
Flag of Curacao.png Curaçao 0 2 Jong Colombia (2)

External links

Template:CONCACAF Cup Winners Cup Winners Template:CONCACAF Champions League seasons

CONCACAF Champions Cup and CONCACAF Champions League winners
CONCACAF Champions Cup

1962: Flag of Mexico Guadalajara · 1963: Flag of Haiti Haïtien · 1967: Flag of El Salvador Alianza · 1968 Flag of Mexico Toluca · 1969: Flag of Mexico Cruz Azul · 1970: Flag of Mexico Cruz Azul · 1971: Flag of Mexico Cruz Azul · 1972: Flag of Honduras Olimpia · 1973: Flag of Dutch Guyana Transvaal · 1974: Flag of Guatemala Municipal · 1975: Flag of Mexico Atlético Español*1976: Flag of El Salvador Águila · 1977: Flag of Mexico América · 1978: Flag of Mexico Leones Negros, Flag of Guatemala Comunicaciones, Trinidad and Tobago Defence Force · 1979: Flag of El Salvador FAS · 1980: Flag of Mexico UNAM · 1981: Flag of Suriname Transvaal · 1982: Flag of Mexico UNAM · 1983: Flag of Mexico Atlante · 1984: Flag of Haiti Violette · 1985: Trinidad and Tobago Defence Force · 1986: Flag of Costa Rica Alajuelense · 1987: Flag of Mexico América · 1988: Flag of Honduras Olimpia · 1989: Flag of Mexico UNAM · 1990: Flag of Mexico América · 1991: Flag of Mexico Puebla · 1992: Flag of Mexico América · 1993: Flag of Costa Rica Saprissa · 1994: Flag of Costa Rica Cartaginés · 1995: Flag of Costa Rica Saprissa · 1996: Flag of Mexico Cruz Azul · 1997: Flag of Mexico Cruz Azul · 1998: Flag of the United States D.C. United · 1999: Flag of Mexico Necaxa · 2000: Flag of the United States Los Angeles Galaxy · 2002: Flag of Mexico Pachuca · 2003: Flag of Mexico Toluca · 2004: Flag of Costa Rica Alajuelense · 2005: Flag of Costa Rica Saprissa · 2006: Flag of Mexico América · 2007: Flag of Mexico Pachuca · 2008: Flag of Mexico Pachuca ·

CONCACAF Champions League

2008–09: Flag of Mexico Atlante · 2009–10: Flag of Mexico Pachuca · 2010–11: Flag of Mexico Monterrey · 2011–12: Flag of Mexico Monterrey · 2012–13: Flag of Mexico Monterrey · 2013–14: Flag of Mexico Cruz Azul · 2014–15: Flag of Mexico América · 2015–16: Flag of Mexico América · *2016–17: Flag of Mexico Pachuca · 2017–18: Flag of Mexico Guadalajara ·

International club football
Africa

CAFChampions League · Confederation Cup · Super Cup

Asia

AFCChampions League · AFC Cup

Europe

UEFAChampions League · Europa League · Super Cup

North America, Central America and the Caribbean

CONCACAFChampions League

Oceania

OFCChampions League

South America

CONMEBOLCopa Libertadores · Copa Sudamericana · Recopa Sudamericana

FIFA Club World Cup
Seasons

Brazil 2000 · Spain 2001 · Japan 2005 · Japan 2006 · Japan 2007 · Japan 2008 · UAE 2009 · UAE 2010 · Japan 2011 · Japan 2012 · Morocco 2013 · Morocco 2014 · Japan 2015 · Japan 2016 · UAE 2017 · UAE 2018 · Qatar 2019 · Qatar 2020 ·

Finals

2000 · 2001 · 2005 · 2006 · 2007 · 2008 · 2009 · 2010 · 2011 · 2012 · 2013 · 2014 · 2015 · 2016 · 2017 · 2018 · 2019 ·

Squads

2000 · 2001 · 2005 · 2006 · 2007 · 2008 · 2009 · 2010 · 2011 · 2012 · 2013 · 2014 · 2015 · 2016 · 2017 · 2018 · 2019 ·

Qualification

AFC Champions League · CAF Champions League · CONCACAF Champions League · Copa Libertadores · OFC Champions League · UEFA Champions League

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