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3. Liga
3. Liga logo (2014)
Country Germany Germany
Confederation UEFA
Founded 25 July 2008
Number of teams 20
Promotion to 2. Bundesliga
Relegation to Regionalliga Nord
Regionalliga Nordost
Regionalliga West
Regionalliga Südwest
Regionalliga Bayern
Levels on pyramid 3
Domestic cup(s) DFB-Pokal
UEFA cup(s) UEFA Europa League
(via winning DFB-Pokal)
Current champions Dynamo Dresden (2015–16)
Most successful club Eintracht Braunschweig
1. FC Heidenheim
Karlsruher SC
VfL Osnabrück
SV Sandhausen
1. FC Union Berlin
Arminia Bielefeld
Dynamo Dresden (1 title)
Website Official website
Football current event 2016–17

The 3. Liga (3. Fußball-Liga), is the third division of football in Germany. The league started with the beginning of the 2008–09 season, when it replaced the Regionalliga as the third tier football league in Germany. In the German football league system, it is positioned between the 2. Bundesliga and the semi-professional Regionalliga, which became the fourth division and initially consisted of three groups of 18 clubs playing separately. In Germany, the 3. Liga is the highest division that a football club's reserve team can play in.

History

On 8 September 2006, the German Football Association, the DFB, announced the formation of the 3. Liga. It was originally anticipated that the league's name would be 3. Bundesliga, but the DFB chose 3. Liga instead, reflecting the fact that the league will be directly administered by the DFB, not by the German Football League DFL (Deutsche Fußball Liga) who runs both Bundesliga and 2. Bundesliga.

The first match of the 3. Liga was played on 25 July 2008 between FC Rot-Weiß Erfurt and Dynamo Dresden at the Steigerwaldstadion in Erfurt. Dynamo Dresden won the match 1–0, with Halil Savran scoring the only goal in the closing stages of the first half.

Financial situation

From its foundation in 2008 to 2013 the league had been operating on a financial loss, with a record deficit of €20.9 million in 2012–13. The 2013–14 season saw the league make a profit for the first time, being €4.9 million in the plus. The league earned €164.5 million, well behind the two Bundesligas above it but also well ahead of other professional sports leagues in Germany with the Deutsche Eishockey Liga following with €106.1 million and the Basketball Bundesliga and Handball-Bundesliga sitting around the €90 million mark. This makes it the third-most economically successful professional league in all German sports.

2016–17 teams

Team Location Stadium Capacity
VfR Aalen Aalen Scholz-Arena 14,500
Chemnitzer FC Chemnitz Stadion an der Gellertstraße 18,712
MSV Duisburg Duisburg MSV-Arena 31,500
Rot-Weiß Erfurt Erfurt Steigerwaldstadion 18,611
FSV Frankfurt Frankfurt Frankfurter Volksbank Stadion 12,542
Hallescher FC Halle Erdgas Sportpark 15,057
Holstein Kiel Kiel Holstein-Stadion 11,386
Fortuna Köln Cologne Südstadion 14,800
Sportfreunde Lotte Lotte Sportpark am Lotter Kreuz 7,414
1. FC Magdeburg Magdeburg MDCC-Arena 27,500
Mainz 05 II Mainz Stadion am Bruchweg 20,300
Preußen Münster Münster Preußenstadion 15,050
VfL Osnabrück Osnabrück Osnatel-Arena 16,667
SC Paderborn Paderborn Benteler Arena 15,000
Jahn Regensburg Regensburg Continental Arena 15,224
Hansa Rostock Rostock DKB-Arena 29,000
SG Sonnenhof Großaspach Aspach Mechatronik Arena 10,000
SV Wehen Wiesbaden Wiesbaden BRITA-Arena 12,250
Werder Bremen II Bremen Weserstadion Platz 11 5,500
FSV Zwickau Zwickau Stadion Zwickau 10,049

External links

3. Liga seasons

2015–16 · 2016–17 · 2017–18 · 2018–19 · 2019–20 · 2020–21 ·

Germany crest
Germany Germany
DFBEagle.svg
Football in Germany
League competitions The DFB Cup competitions
1. Bundesliga Germany (B) (U21) DFB-Pokal
2. Bundesliga, 3. Liga, Regionalliga List of clubs DFB-Ligapokal
Oberliga, Verbandsliga, Landesliga List of stadiums
(by capacity)
DFL-Supercup
Bezirksoberliga, Bezirksliga, Kreisliga, Kreisklasse List of leagues
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