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2006 FIFA World Cup
Germany 2006
World-cup-2006-logo.png
Celebrating Faces of Football
Tournament details
Host countryGermany.png Germany
Dates9 June – 9 July
Teams32 (from 6 confederations)
Venue(s)12 (in 12 host cities)
Final positions
ChampionsFlag of Italy.gif Italy
Runner-upFlag of France.png France
Third placeGermany.png Germany
Fourth placeFlag of Portugal.png Portugal
Tournament statistics
Matches played64
Goals scored147 (2.3 per match)
Attendance3,359,439 (52,491 per match)
Top scorer(s)Germany Miroslav Klose 5 goals
Best playerFlag of France Zinedine Zidane
2002
2010

The 2006 FIFA World Cup was the 18th FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football world championship tournament. It was held from 9 June to 9 July 2006 in Germany, which won the right to host the event in July 2000. Teams representing 198 national football associations from all six populated continents participated in the qualification process which began in September 2003. Thirty-one teams qualified from this process, along with the host nation, Germany, for the finals tournament.

Italy won the tournament, claiming their fourth World Cup title. They defeated France 5–3 in a penalty shootout in the final, after extra time had finished in a 1–1 draw. Germany defeated Portugal 3–1 to finish in third place. Angola, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Serbia & Montenegro, Trinidad & Tobago and Togo made their first appearances in the finals.

The 2006 World Cup stands as one of the most watched events in television history, garnering an estimated 26.29 billion non-unique viewers, compiled over the course of the tournament. The final attracted an estimated audience of 715.1 million people. The 2006 World Cup ranks fourth in non-unique viewers, behind the World Cup in 1994, 2002, and 1990. As the winner, Italy represented the World in the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup.

Host selection

Main article: FIFA World Cup hosts

The vote to choose the hosts of the 2006 tournament was held in July 2000 in Zürich, Switzerland. It involved four bidding nations after Brazil had withdrawn three days earlier: Germany, South Africa, England and Morocco. Three rounds of voting were required, each round eliminating the nation with the least votes. The first two rounds were held on 6 July 2000, and the final round was held on 7 July 2000, which Germany won over South Africa.

Voting results
Country Round 1 Round 2 Round 3
Germany Germany 10 11 12
Flag of South Africa South Africa 6 11 11
England England 5 2
Morocco Morocco 3

The success of Germany's bid was marred by a hoax bribery affair which even led to calls for a re-vote. On the night before the vote, German satirical magazine Titanic sent letters to FIFA representatives, offering joke gifts like cuckoo clocks and Black Forest ham in exchange for their vote for Germany. Oceania delegate Charlie Dempsey, who had initially backed England, had then been instructed to support South Africa following England's elimination. He abstained, citing "intolerable pressure" on the eve of the vote. Had Dempsey voted as originally instructed, the vote would have resulted with a 12–12 tie, and FIFA president Sepp Blatter, who favoured the South African bid, would have had to cast the deciding vote.

Qualification

Main article: 2006 FIFA World Cup qualification

198 teams attempted to qualify for the 2006 World Cup. Germany, the host nation, was granted automatic qualification, with the remaining 31 finals places divided among the continental confederations. Thirteen places were contested by UEFA teams (Europe), five by CAF teams (Africa), four by CONMEBOL teams (South America), four by AFC teams (Asia), and three by CONCACAF teams (North and Central America and Caribbean). The remaining two places were decided by playoffs between AFC and CONCACAF and between CONMEBOL and OFC (Oceania).

Eight nations qualified for the finals for the first time: Angola, Czech Republic, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Ukraine, and Serbia and Montenegro. Czech Republic and Ukraine were making their first appearance as independent nations, but had previously been represented as part of Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union respectively; Serbia and Montenegro had competed as Yugoslavia in 1998, as well as making up part of Yugoslav teams from 1930 to 1990. As of 2014, this was the last time Tunisia, Saudi Arabia, Togo, Angola, Czech Republic, Poland, Ukraine and Trinidad and Tobago qualified for a FIFA World Cup finals.

Australia qualified for the first time since 1974. Among the teams who failed to qualify were 2002 third-placed team Turkey and Euro 2004 winners Greece. Additionally, Belgium failed to qualify for the first time since 1978, and Cameroon failed to qualify for the first time since 1986.

For the first time since the 1982 World Cup, all six confederations were represented at the finals tournament.

List of qualified teams

The following 32 teams, shown with final pre-tournament rankings, qualified for the final tournament:

AFC (4)
CAF (5)

CONCACAF (4)
CONMEBOL (4)
OFC (1)

UEFA (14)

2006 world cup qualification

  Countries qualified for World Cup
  Country failed to qualify
  Countries that did not enter World Cup
  Country not a FIFA member

Venues

In 2006, Germany had a plethora of football stadia that satisfied FIFA's minimum capacity of 40,000 seats for World Cup matches. The still-standing Olympiastadion in Munich (69,250) was not used even though FIFA's regulations allow one city to use two stadia; Düsseldorf's LTU Arena (51,500), Bremen's Weserstadion (43,000) and Mönchengladbach's Borussia-Park (46,249) were also unemployed during the tournament.

Twelve stadia were selected to host the World Cup matches. During the tournament, many of them were known by different names, as FIFA prohibits sponsorship of stadia unless the stadium sponsors were also official FIFA sponsors. For example, the Allianz Arena in Munich was known during the competition as FIFA World Cup Stadium, Munich (or in FIFA WM-Stadion München), and even the letters of the company Allianz were removed or covered. Some of the stadia also had a lower capacity for the World Cup, as FIFA regulations ban standing room; nonetheless, this was accommodated as several stadia had an UEFA 5-star ranking.

Berlin Dortmund Munich Stuttgart
Olympiastadion Signal Iduna Park
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Dortmund)
Allianz Arena
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Munich)
Gottlieb-Daimler-Stadion
Capacity: 72,000 Capacity: 65,000 Capacity: 66,000 Capacity: 52,000
Berliner Olympiastadion night WM2006 BRA-JPN2 München - Allianz-Arena (Luftbild) Luftbild Daimlerstadion Schleyerhalle Porsche-Arena
Gelsenkirchen Hamburg
Veltins-Arena
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Gelsenkirchen)
AOL Arena
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Hamburg)
Capacity: 52,000 Capacity: 50,000
Schalke Porto CL0708 2 RK 1009 9831 Volksparkstadion
Frankfurt Cologne
Commerzbank Arena
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Frankfurt)
RheinEnergie Stadion
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Cologne)
Capacity: 48,000 Capacity: 45,000
FIFA WM06 Stadion Koeln
Hanover Leipzig Kaiserslautern Nuremberg
AWD-Arena
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Hanover)
Zentralstadion Fritz-Walter-Stadion EasyCredit-Stadion
(Frankenstadion)
Capacity: 43,000 Capacity: 43,000 Capacity: 46,000 Capacity: 41,000
Hannover96 Nordtribüne Leipzig von oben Zentralstadion Kaiserslautern 03 Frankenstadion 1

Match officials

Confederation Referee Assistants
AFC Toru Kamikawa (Japan) Yoshikazu Hiroshima (Japan)
Kim Dae-Young (South Korea)
Shamsul Maidin (Singapore) Prachya Permpanich (Thailand)
Eisa Ghoulom (United Arab Emirates)
CAF Coffi Codjia (Benin) Aboudou Aderodjou (Benin)
Célestin Ntagungira (Rwanda)
Essam Abd El Fatah (Egypt) Dramane Dante (Mali)
Mamadou N'Doye (Senegal)
CONCACAF Benito Archundia (Mexico) José Ramírez (Mexico)
Héctor Vergara (Canada)
Marco Rodríguez (Mexico) José Luis Camargo (Mexico)
Leonel Leal (Costa Rica)
CONMEBOL Horacio Elizondo (Argentina) Darío García (Argentina)
Rodolfo Otero (Argentina)
Carlos Simon (Brazil) Aristeu Tavares (Brazil)
Ednílson Corona (Brazil)
Óscar Ruiz (Colombia) José Navia (Colombia)
Fernando Tamayo (Ecuador)
Carlos Amarilla (Paraguay) Amelio Andino (Paraguay)
Manuel Bernal (Paraguay)
Jorge Larrionda (Uruguay) Wálter Rial (Uruguay)
Pablo Fandiño (Uruguay)
OFC Mark Shield (Australia) Nathan Gibson (Australia)
Ben Wilson (Australia)
UEFA Frank De Bleeckere (Belgium) Peter Hermans (Belgium)
Walter Vromans (Belgium)
Graham Poll (England) Philip Sharp (England)
Glenn Turner (England)
Éric Poulat (France) Lionel Dagorne (France)
Vincent Texier (France)
Markus Merk (Germany) Jan-Hendrik Salver (Germany)
Christian Schraer (Germany)
Roberto Rosetti (Italy) Alessandro Stagnelli (Italy)
Cristiano Copelli (Italy)
Valentin Ivanov (Russia) Nikolay Golubev (Russia)
Evgueni Volnin (Russia)
Ľuboš Micheľ (Slovakia) Roman Slyško (Slovakia)
Martin Balko (Slovakia)
Luis Medina Cantalejo (Spain) Victoriano Giraldez Carrasco (Spain)
Pedro Medina Hernández (Spain)
Massimo Busacca (Switzerland) Francesco Buragina (Switzerland)
Matthias Arnet (Switzerland)

Squads

Squads for the 2006 World Cup consisted of 23 players, as in the previous tournament in 2002. Each participating national association had to confirm its 23-player squad by 15 May 2006.

Groups

Seeds

The eight seeded teams for the 2006 tournament were announced on 6 December 2005. The seeds comprised Pot A in the draw. Pot B contained the unseeded qualifiers from South America, Africa and Oceania; Pot C contained eight of the nine remaining European teams, excluding Serbia and Montenegro. Pot D contained unseeded teams from the CONCACAF region and Asia. A special pot contained Serbia and Montenegro: this was done to ensure that no group contained three European teams. In the special pot, Serbia and Montenegro was drawn first, then their group was drawn from the three seeded non-European nations, Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico.

It had been predetermined that, as the host, Germany would be placed in Group A, thus being assured of the venues of their group matches in advance of the draw. FIFA had also announced in advance that Brazil (the defending champion) would be allocated to Group F.

Pot A Pot B Pot C Pot D Special Pot

Flag of Argentina.png Argentina
Brazil.png Brazil
England.png England
Flag of France.png France
Germany.png Germany
Flag of Italy.gif Italy
Flag of Mexico.png Mexico
Flag of Spain.png Spain

Flag of Angola.png Angola
Flag of Australia.png Australia
Flag of Ecuador.png Ecuador
Flag of Ghana.png Ghana
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.png Ivory Coast
Flag of Paraguay.png Paraguay
Flag of Togo.png Togo
Flag of Tunisia.png Tunisia

Croatia.png Croatia
Flag of Czech.jpg Czech Republic
Netherlands.png Netherlands
Flag of Poland.png Poland
Flag of Portugal.gif Portugal
Flag of Sweden Good one.jpg Sweden
Switzerland.png Switzerland
Flag of Ukraine.png Ukraine

Flag of Costa Rica.png Costa Rica
Iran.png Iran
Flag of Japan.png Japan
Flag of Saudi Arabia.png Saudi Arabia
South Korea.png South Korea
Trinidad and Tobago.png Trinidad and Tobago
Flag of the United States.png United States

Flag of Serbia and Montenegro.png Serbia and Montenegro

On 9 December 2005 the draw was held, and the group assignments and order of matches were determined. After the draw was completed, commentators remarked that Group C appeared to be the group of death, while others suggested Group E. Argentina and the Netherlands both qualified with a game to spare with wins over Ivory Coast and Serbia and Montenegro respectively.

Group system

The first round, or group stage, saw the thirty-two teams divided into eight groups of four teams. Each group was a round-robin of three games, where each team played one match against each of the other teams in the same group. Teams were awarded three points for a win, one point for a draw and none for a defeat. The teams coming first and second in each group qualified for the Round of 16.

Finals tournament

FIFA World Cup 2006 Opening Ceremony

2006 FIFA World Cup opening ceremony in Munich

The finals tournament of the 2006 World Cup began on 9 June. The 32 teams were divided into eight groups of four teams each, within which the teams competed in a round-robin tournament to determine which two of those four teams would advance to the sixteen-team knock-out stage, which started on 24 June. In total, 64 games were played.

Hosting

Although Germany failed to win the Cup, the tournament was considered a great success for Germany in general. Germany also experienced a sudden increase in patriotic spirit with flag waving, traditionally frowned upon by German society since World War II, whenever the German team played. For the closing ceremonies, Matthias Keller composed a work performed simultaneously by the Munich Philharmonic Orchestra, the Bavarian State Orchestra and the Bavarian Radio Orchestra with conductors Christian Thielemann, Zubin Mehta, and Mariss Jansons, and soloists Diana Damrau, Plácido Domingo and Lang Lang.

Traditional powers dominate

Despite early success by Australia, Ecuador and Ghana, the tournament marked a return to dominance of the traditional football powers. Four years after a 2002 tournament in which teams from North America (United States), Africa (Senegal), and Asia (South Korea) made it deep into the knockout stages and Turkey finished third, all eight seeded teams progressed to the knockout stages, and none of the quarter-finalists were from outside Europe or South America. Six former champions took part in the quarter-final round, with Ukraine and Euro 2004 runners-up Portugal as the only relative outsiders. Argentina and Brazil were eliminated in the quarter-finals, leaving an all-European final four for only the fourth time (after the 1934, 1966 and 1982 tournaments).

Scoring

Despite the early goals that flooded the group stages, the knock-out phase had a much lower goals per match ratio. A prime example of the dearth of goals was Portugal, which only scored in the 23rd minute of the Round of 16, and did not score again until the 88th minute of the third place play-off. No player managed to score a hat-trick in this tournament. Italy, Germany, Argentina, Brazil and France were the only teams to score more than one goal in a knockout match. Germany was one of the exceptions, tending to play an attacking style of football throughout the knock-out stage, which was reflected by the fact that they scored the most number of goals (14), with players from all three outfield positions (defence, midfield and forward) making the scoresheet.

Germany's Miroslav Klose scored five goals to claim the Golden Boot, the lowest total to win the prize since 1962. No other player scored more than three goals. No player from the winning Italian squad scored more than two goals, though ten different players had scored for the team, tying France's record in 1982 for the most goalscorers from any one team.

For the first time ever in the FIFA World Cup, the first and last goals of the tournament were scored by defenders. Philipp Lahm, the German left wingback, scored the opener against Costa Rica after only 5 minutes of the opening match. In the final, Marco Materazzi, the Italian centre back, out-jumped Patrick Vieira and headed in the last goal of the 2006 FIFA World Cup.

Unprecedented number of cards

The tournament had a record number of yellow and red cards, breaking the previous record set by the 1998 World Cup. Players received a record-breaking 345 yellow cards and 28 red cards, with Russian referee Valentin Ivanov handing out 16 yellow and 4 red cards in the round of 16 match between Portugal and the Netherlands, in a match known as the Battle of Nuremberg. Portugal had two players suspended for each of the quarter-final and semi-final matches, respectively. FIFA President Sepp Blatter hinted that he may allow some rule changes for future tournaments so that earlier accumulated bookings will not force players to miss the final, should their teams make it that far. The tournament also saw English referee Graham Poll mistakenly hand out three yellow cards to Croatia's Josip Šimunić in their match against Australia.

The high number of yellow and red cards shown also prompted discussion about the referees. FIFA Officials and President Sepp Blatter received criticism for allegedly making rules too rigid and taking discretion away from referees.

Group stage

All times are Central European Summer Time (UTC+2).

In the following tables:

  • Pld = total games played
  • W = total games won
  • D = total games drawn (tied)
  • L = total games lost
  • GF = total goals scored (goals for)
  • GA = total goals conceded (goals against)
  • GD = goal difference (GF−GA)
  • Pts = total points accumulated
Key to colours in group tables
Group winners and runners-up advance to the Round of 16

Group A

Main article: 2006 FIFA World Cup Group A

In the opening match of the tournament, Germany and Costa Rica played a game which ended 4–2 for the host in the highest scoring opening match in the tournament's history. Germany went on to win the Group A after edging Poland and breezing past Ecuador 3–0. Despite the defeat, Ecuador had already joined the host in the Round of 16 having beaten Poland and Costa Rica 2–0 and 3–0, respectively.


Team Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
Notes
Germany.png Germany 3 3 0 0 8 2 +6 9
Flag of Ecuador.png Ecuador 3 2 0 1 5 3 +2 6
Flag of Poland.png Poland 3 1 0 2 2 4 −2 3
Flag of Costa Rica.png Costa Rica 3 0 0 3 3 9 −6 0

Group B

Main article: 2006 FIFA World Cup Group B

In Group B, England and Sweden pushed Paraguay into third place after narrow victories over the South Americans. Trinidad and Tobago earned some international respect after a draw with Sweden in their opening game and managing to hold England scoreless for 83 minutes, until goals from Peter Crouch and Steven Gerrard sealed a 2–0 win for the Three Lions. Sweden qualified for the knockout rounds after drawing 2–2 with England to maintain their 38-year unbeaten record against them.


Team Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
Notes
England.png England 3 2 1 0 5 2 +3 7
Flag of Sweden Good one.jpg Sweden 3 1 2 0 3 2 +1 5
Flag of Paraguay.png Paraguay 3 1 0 2 2 2 0 3
Trinidad and Tobago.png Trinidad and Tobago 3 0 1 2 0 4 −4 1

Group C

Main article: 2006 FIFA World Cup Group C

Both Argentina and Netherlands qualified from Group C with a game remaining, Argentina topping the group on goal difference having hammered Serbia and Montenegro 6–0 and beating Ivory Coast 2–1. The Dutch picked up 1–0 and 2–1 victories over Serbia and Montenegro and Ivory Coast, respectively. Ivory Coast defeated Serbia and Montenegro 3–2 in their final game, in Serbia & Montenegro's last ever international before the break-up of the country.


Team Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
Notes
Flag of Argentina.png Argentina 3 2 1 0 8 1 +7 7
Netherlands.png Netherlands 3 2 1 0 3 1 +2 7
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.png Ivory Coast 3 1 0 2 5 6 −1 3
Flag of Serbia and Montenegro.png Serbia and Montenegro 3 0 0 3 2 10 −8 0

Group D

Main article: 2006 FIFA World Cup Group D

Portugal coasted through in Group D, picking up the maximum number of points, with Mexico qualifying in second. Iran missed chances against Mexico in their opening 1–3 defeat and were eliminated in their match against Portugal. They fought hard against the Portuguese, but went down 2–0. Their last game against Angola ended in 1–1 draw. The Africans had a respectable first World Cup tournament after earning draws with Mexico (0–0) and Iran.


Team Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
Notes
Flag of Portugal.gif Portugal 3 3 0 0 5 1 +4 9
Flag of Mexico.png Mexico 3 1 1 1 4 3 +1 4
Flag of Angola.png Angola 3 0 2 1 1 2 −1 2
Iran.png Iran 3 0 1 2 2 6 −4 1

Group E

Main article: 2006 FIFA World Cup Group E

In Group E, Italy went through to the Round of 16 conceding just one goal (an own goal) in the group phase against the United States. The US bowed out of the tournament after disappointing results against the Czech Republic and Ghana, 0–3 and 1–2, respectively, despite a 1–1 draw (finishing with 9 vs 10 men) against Italy. Tournament debutant Ghana joined Italy in the round of 16, following victories over the Czech Republic and the United States. Daniele De Rossi was suspended for 4 games following his sending-off against the United States.


Team Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
Notes
Flag of Italy.gif Italy 3 2 1 0 5 1 +4 7
Flag of Ghana.png Ghana 3 2 0 1 4 3 +1 6
Flag of Czech.jpg Czech Republic 3 1 0 2 3 4 −1 3
Flag of the United States.png United States 3 0 1 2 2 6 −4 1

Group F

Main article: 2006 FIFA World Cup Group F

Group F included the reigning World Champions Brazil, Croatia, Japan, and Australia. Playing in their first World Cup for 32 years, Australia came from behind to defeat Japan 3–1, and, despite losing 0–2 to Brazil, a 2–2 draw with Croatia was enough to give the Australians a place in the Round of 16 in a game where two players were sent-off for second bookings and one for a third booking by English referee Graham Poll. Australia became the first Oceanian team to reach the knockout stages. The Brazilians won all three games to qualify first in the group. Their 1–0 win against Croatia was through a goal late in the first-half by Kaká. Croatia and Japan went out of the tournament without a single win.


Team Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
Notes
Brazil.png Brazil 3 3 0 0 7 1 +6 9
Flag of Australia.png Australia 3 1 1 1 5 5 0 4
Croatia.png Croatia 3 0 2 1 2 3 −1 2
Flag of Japan.gif Japan 2 0 1 1 2 7 −5 1

Group G

Main article: 2006 FIFA World Cup Group G

France only managed a scoreless draw against Switzerland and a 1–1 draw against South Korea. With captain Zinedine Zidane suspended, their 2–0 win against Togo was enough for them to advance to the knockout round. They were joined by the group winners, Switzerland, who defeated South Korea 2–0, and did not concede a goal in the tournament. South Korea won their first World Cup finals match outside their own country in defeating Togo, but four points were not enough to see them through to the round of 16 (the only team for which this was the case), while Togo exited without a point.


Team Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
Notes
Switzerland.png Switzerland 3 2 1 0 4 0 +4 7
Flag of France.png France 3 1 2 0 3 1 +2 5
South Korea.png South Korea 3 1 1 1 3 4 −1 4
Flag of Togo.png Togo 3 0 0 3 1 6 −5 0

Group H

Main article: 2006 FIFA World Cup Group H

Spain dominated Group H, picking up the maximum number of points, scoring 8 goals, and conceding only 1. Ukraine, despite being beaten 4–0 by Spain in their first World Cup game, took advantage of the weaker opponents to beat Saudi Arabia 4–0 and scrape past Tunisia 1–0 thanks to a 70th minute penalty by Andriy Shevchenko, to reach the Round of 16. Saudi Arabia and Tunisia went out of the tournament having 1 point each, thanks to a 2–2 draw against each other.


Team Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
Notes
Flag of Spain.png Spain 3 3 0 0 8 1 +7 9
Flag of Ukraine.png Ukraine 3 2 0 1 5 4 +1 6
Flag of Tunisia.png Tunisia 3 0 1 2 3 6 −3 1
Flag of Saudi Arabia.png Saudi Arabia 3 0 1 2 2 7 −5 1

Knockout stage

Main article: 2006 FIFA World Cup knockout stage

The knockout stage involved the sixteen teams that qualified from the group stage of the tournament. There were four rounds of matches, with each round eliminating half of the teams entering that round. The successive rounds were: round of 16, quarter-finals, semi-finals, and final. There was also a play-off to decide third/fourth place. For each game in the knockout stage, a draw was followed by thirty minutes of extra time (two 15-minute halves); if scores were still level there would be a penalty shoot-out (at least five penalties each, and more if necessary) to determine who progressed to the next round. Scores after extra time are indicated by (aet), and penalty shoot-outs are indicated by (pen.).


Round of 16 Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
                           
24 June – Munich            
 Germany.png Germany  2
30 June – Berlin
 Flag of Sweden Good one.jpg Sweden  0  
 Germany.png Germany (pen.)  1 (4)
24 June – Leipzig
   Flag of Argentina.png Argentina  1 (2)  
 Flag of Argentina.png Argentina (aet)  2
4 July – Dortmund
 Flag of Mexico.png Mexico  1  
 Germany.png Germany  0
26 June – Kaiserslautern
   Flag of Italy.gif Italy (aet)  2  
 Flag of Italy.gif Italy  1
30 June – Hamburg
 Flag of Australia.png Australia  0  
 Flag of Italy.gif Italy  3
26 June – Cologne
   Flag of Ukraine.png Ukraine  0  
 Switzerland.png Switzerland  0 (0)
9 July – Berlin
 Flag of Ukraine.png Ukraine (pen.)  0 (3)  
 Flag of Italy.gif Italy (pen.)  1 (5)
25 June – Stuttgart
   Flag of France.png France  1 (3)
 England.png England  1
1 July – Gelsenkirchen
 Flag of Ecuador.png Ecuador  0  
 England.png England  0 (1)
25 June – Nuremberg
   Flag of Portugal.gif Portugal (pen.)  0 (3)  
 Flag of Portugal.gif Portugal  1
5 July – Munich
 Netherlands.png Netherlands  0  
 Flag of Portugal.gif Portugal  0
27 June – Dortmund
   Flag of France.png France  1   Third place
 Brazil.png Brazil  3
1 July – Frankfurt 8 July – Stuttgart
 Flag of Ghana.png Ghana  0  
 Brazil.png Brazil  0  Germany.png Germany  3
27 June – Hanover
   Flag of France.png France  1    Flag of Portugal.gif Portugal  1
 Flag of Spain.png Spain  1
 Flag of France.png France  3  

Round of 16

In the second round, conceding two early goals in the first twelve minutes to Germany effectively ended the Swedes' hopes of progressing to the quarter-finals. Argentina struggled to get past Mexico until a Maxi Rodríguez goal in extra time put the Albiceleste in the quarter-finals. Australia's journey ended when Italians were awarded a controversial penalty deep into the remaining seconds of the match. The Italians had spent much of the game with only ten men on the field, following an equally controversial red card shown to centre back Marco Materazzi. In a 0–0 match, Switzerland failed to convert any of their three penalties in the penalty shoot-out against Ukraine to see them exit the competition with an unwanted new record in becoming the first team in a World Cup to fail to convert any penalties in a shootout. Their elimination also meant that they became the first nation to be eliminated from the World Cup without conceding any goals (and indeed the only nation ever to participate in a World Cup finals tournament without conceding a goal).

England struggled past Ecuador but won 1–0 thanks to a David Beckham free kick. Brazil won 3–0 against Ghana, in a game which included Ronaldo's record 15th World Cup goal. Der Spiegel reported that the match was influenced by an Asian betting syndicate. Portugal defeated the Netherlands 1–0. The only goal came courtesy of a Maniche strike in an acrimonious match, which marked a new World Cup record with 16 yellow cards (Portugal: 9, the Netherlands: 7) and 4 players being sent off for a second bookable offence. France came from behind to defeat Spain 3–1 thanks to goals from Franck Ribéry, Patrick Vieira, and Zinedine Zidane.

24 June 2006
17:00
Germany Germany.png 2–0 Flag of Sweden Good one.jpg Sweden FIFA WM Stadion München, Munich
Attendance: 66,000
Referee: Carlos Simon (Brazil)
Podolski Soccerball 4'12' Report

24 June 2006
21:00
Argentina Flag of Argentina.png 2–1
(a.e.t.)
Flag of Mexico.png Mexico Zentralstadion, Leipzig
Attendance: 43,000
Referee: Massimo Busacca (Switzerland)
Crespo Soccerball 10'
Rodríguez Soccerball 98'
Report Márquez Soccerball 6'

25 June 2006
17:00
England England.png 1–0 Flag of Ecuador.png Ecuador Gottlieb-Daimler-Stadion, Stuttgart
Attendance: 52,000
Referee: Frank De Bleeckere (Belgium)
Beckham Soccerball 60' Report

25 June 2006
21:00
Portugal Flag of Portugal.gif 1–0 Netherlands.png Netherlands Frankenstadion, Nuremberg
Attendance: 41,000
Referee: Valentin Ivanov (Russia)
Maniche Soccerball 23' Report

26 June 2006
17:00
Italy Flag of Italy.gif 1–0 Flag of Australia.png Australia Fritz-Walter-Stadion, Kaiserslautern
Attendance: 46,000
Referee: Luis Medina Cantalejo (Spain)
Totti Soccerball 90+5' (pen.) Report

26 June 2006
21:00
Switzerland Switzerland.png 0–0
(a.e.t.)
Flag of Ukraine.png Ukraine FIFA WM Stadion Köln, Cologne
Attendance: 45,000
Referee: Benito Archundia (Mexico)
Report
  Penalties  
Streller -Soccerball shade cross
Barnetta -Soccerball shade cross
Cabanas -Soccerball shade cross
0–3 -Soccerball shade cross Shevchenko
Soccerball shad check Milevskiy
Soccerball shad check Rebrov
Soccerball shad check Husyev

27 June 2006
17:00
Brazil Brazil.png 3–0 Flag of Ghana.png Ghana FIFA WM Stadion Dortmund, Dortmund
Attendance: 65,000
Referee: Ľuboš Micheľ (Slovakia)
Ronaldo Soccerball 5'
Adriano Soccerball 45+1'
Zé Roberto Soccerball 84'
Report

27 June 2006
21:00
Spain Flag of Spain.png 1–3 Flag of France.png France FIFA WM Stadion Hannover, Hanover
Attendance: 43,000
Referee: Roberto Rosetti (Italy)
Villa Soccerball 28' (pen.) Report Ribéry Soccerball 41'
Vieira Soccerball 83'
Zidane Soccerball 90+2'

Quarter-finals

Germany and Argentina ended 1–1 after extra time; the hosts edged out the Argentinians 4–2 on penalties to go through to the semifinals (this was the first time Argentina had lost a World Cup penalty shootout: up until this match, both Argentina and Germany had participated in three penalty shootouts, winning all of them). In Gelsenkirchen, when England faced Portugal, Wayne Rooney was sent off, and Portugal won the penalty shoot-out 3–1 after a 0–0 draw to reach their first World Cup semi-final since the days of Eusébio 40 years earlier, and ensure manager Luiz Felipe Scolari's third consecutive tournament quarter-final win over Sven-Göran Eriksson's England.

Italy defeated quarter-final debutants Ukraine 3–0. France eliminated Brazil 1–0 to advance into the semi-finals. Brazil only managed one shot on goal, while Zinedine Zidane's dribbling earned him Man of the Match and his free-kick to Thierry Henry resulted in the winning goal.

30 June 2006
17:00
Germany Germany.png 1–1
(a.e.t.)
Flag of Argentina.png Argentina Olympiastadion, Berlin
Attendance: 72,000
Referee: Ľuboš Micheľ (Slovakia)
Klose Soccerball 80' Report Ayala Soccerball 49'
  Penalties  
Neuville Soccerball shad check
Ballack Soccerball shad check
Podolski Soccerball shad check
Borowski Soccerball shad check
4–2 Soccerball shad check Cruz
-Soccerball shade cross Ayala
Soccerball shad check Rodríguez
-Soccerball shade cross Cambiasso

30 June 2006
21:00
Italy Flag of Italy.gif 3–0 Flag of Ukraine.png Ukraine FIFA WM Stadion Hamburg, Hamburg
Attendance: 50,000
Referee: Frank De Bleeckere (Belgium)
Zambrotta Soccerball 6'
Toni Soccerball 59'69'
Report

1 July 2006
17:00
England England.png 0–0
(a.e.t.)
Flag of Portugal.gif Portugal FIFA WM Stadion Gelsenkirchen, Gelsenkirchen
Attendance: 52,000
Referee: Horacio Elizondo (Argentina)
Report
  Penalties  
Lampard -Soccerball shade cross
Hargreaves Soccerball shad check
Gerrard -Soccerball shade cross
Carragher -Soccerball shade cross
1–3 Soccerball shad check Simão
-Soccerball shade cross Viana
-Soccerball shade cross Petit
Soccerball shad check Postiga
Soccerball shad check Ronaldo

1 July 2006
21:00
Brazil Brazil.png 0–1 Flag of France.png France FIFA WM Stadion Frankfurt, Frankfurt
Attendance: 48,000
Referee: Luis Medina Cantalejo (Spain)
Report Henry Soccerball 57'

Semi-finals

With Argentina and Brazil eliminated in the quarter-finals, an all-European semi-final line up was completed for only the fourth time (after the 1934, 1966 and 1982 tournaments).

The semi-final between Germany and Italy produced an extra time period that went scoreless until the 118th minute, when Italy scored twice through Fabio Grosso and Alessandro Del Piero, putting an end to Germany's undefeated record in Dortmund. With this win, Italy continued their dominance over Germany.

In the second semi-final, Portugal lost to France 1–0 in Munich. In a repeat of the Euro 1984 and Euro 2000 semi-finals, Portugal were defeated by France, with the decisive goal being a penalty scored by France captain Zinedine Zidane.

4 July 2006
21:00
Germany Germany.png 0–2
(a.e.t.)
Flag of Italy.gif Italy FIFA WM Stadion Dortmund, Dortmund
Attendance: 65,000
Referee: Benito Archundia (Mexico)
Report Grosso Soccerball 119'
Del Piero Soccerball 120+1'

5 July 2006
21:00
Portugal Flag of Portugal.gif 0–1 Flag of France.png France FIFA WM Stadion München, Munich
Attendance: 66,000
Referee: Jorge Larrionda (Uruguay)
Report Zidane Soccerball 33' (pen.)

Third place play-off

Main article: 2006 FIFA World Cup Third place play-off

The hosts got three goals in 20 minutes in the second half with the help of 21-year-old left midfielder Bastian Schweinsteiger. His first goal beat the Portuguese goalkeeper Ricardo with pace over his head. Only 4 minutes later, Schweinsteiger's free kick 30 metres from the left of the penalty box, driven low across goal, was connected with Petit's knee to become an own goal for Portugal. The German did not stop, and netted his second goal, which swerved away to the keeper's left, in the 78th minute.

Portugal were strong in possession but lacked punch in attack; unable to convert 57% possession into goals. Pauleta had two clear chances from 15 metres, but both times hit tame shots that did not trouble keeper Oliver Kahn, who was playing in his last match for the German national team. Portugal got a consolation goal with the help of substitute Luís Figo (also playing the final international game of his career), who almost immediately provided the precise distribution needed to unlock the German defence. A cross from the right wing on 88 minutes found fellow substitute Nuno Gomes at the far post, who dived in for the goal. The game ended 3–1, a result which gave the tournament hosts the bronze medals and left Portugal in fourth place.

8 July 2006
21:00
Germany Germany.png 3–1 Flag of Portugal.gif Portugal Gottlieb-Daimler-Stadion, Stuttgart
Attendance: 52,000
Referee: Toru Kamikawa (Japan)
Schweinsteiger Soccerball 56'78'
Petit Soccerball 60' (o.g.)
Report Nuno Gomes Soccerball 88'

Final

Main article: 2006 FIFA World Cup Final

The final started with each side scoring within the first 20 minutes. Zinedine Zidane opened the scoring by converting a controversial seventh-minute penalty kick, which glanced off the underside of the crossbar and into the goal... before bouncing back up, hitting the crossbar again and bounced out of the goal. Marco Materazzi then levelled the scores in the 19th minute following an Andrea Pirlo corner. Both teams had chances to score the winning goal in normal time: Luca Toni hit the crossbar in the 35th minute for Italy (he later had a header disallowed for offside), while France were not awarded a possible second penalty in the 53rd minute when Florent Malouda went down in the box after a tackle from Gianluca Zambrotta.

At the end of the regulation 90 minutes, the score was still level at 1–1, and the match was forced into extra time. Italian goalkeeper Gianluigi Buffon made a potentially game-saving save in extra time when he tipped a Zidane header over the crossbar. Further controversy ensued near the end of extra time, when Zidane head-butted Materazzi in the chest in an off-the-ball incident and was sent off. Extra time produced no further goals and a penalty shootout followed, which Italy won 5–3. France's David Trezeguet, the man who scored the golden goal against Italy in Euro 2000, was the only player not to score his penalty; his spot kick hit the crossbar, landed on the goal line and went out. It was the first all-European final since Italy's triumph over West Germany in the 1982 World Cup, and the second final, after 1994, to be decided on penalties. It was also Italy's first world title in 24 years, and their fourth overall, making them the second most successful World Cup team ever. The victory also helped Italy top the FIFA World Rankings in February 2007 for the first time since November 1993.

9 July 2006
20:00
Italy Flag of Italy.gif 1–1
(a.e.t.)
Flag of France.png France Olympiastadion, Berlin
Attendance: 69,000
Referee: Horacio Elizondo (Argentina)
Materazzi Soccerball 19' Report Zidane Soccerball 7' (pen.)
  Penalties  
Pirlo Soccerball shad check
Materazzi Soccerball shad check
De Rossi Soccerball shad check
Del Piero Soccerball shad check
Grosso Soccerball shad check
5–3 Soccerball shad check Wiltord
-Soccerball shade cross Trezeguet
Soccerball shad check Abidal
Soccerball shad check Sagnol

Statistics

Main article: 2006 FIFA World Cup statistics

Goalscorers

Miroslav Klose received the Golden Boot for scoring five goals in the World Cup. In total, 147 goals were scored by 110 different players, with four of them credited as own goals.

5 goals
3 goals
2 goals
1 goal
Own goals

Assists

Juan Román Riquelme won the assists table with four assists.

Awards

Golden Boot Winner Golden Ball Winner Yashin Award Best Young Player FIFA Fair Play Trophy Most Entertaining Team
Germany Miroslav Klose Flag of France Zinedine Zidane Flag of Italy Gianluigi Buffon Germany Lukas Podolski Brazil.png Brazil
Flag of Spain.png Spain
Flag of Portugal.gif Portugal

FIFA's Technical Study Group (TSG) also granted a Man of the Match award to one player in each match. Italy's Andrea Pirlo won the most Man of the Match awards, with three in total. Miroslav Klose, Agustin Delgado, Arjen Robben, Zé Roberto, Alexander Frei, Michael Ballack, and Patrick Vieira each received two awards.

All-star team

The All-star team is a squad consisting of the 23 most impressive players at the 2006 World Cup, as selected by FIFA's Technical Study Group. The team was chosen from a shortlist of over 50 players, and was selected based on performances from the second round onwards.

Goalkeepers Defenders Midfielders Forwards

Flag of Italy Gianluigi Buffon
Germany Jens Lehmann
Flag of Portugal Ricardo

Flag of Argentina Roberto Ayala
England John Terry
Flag of France Lilian Thuram
Germany Philipp Lahm
Flag of Italy Fabio Cannavaro
Flag of Italy Gianluca Zambrotta
Flag of Portugal Ricardo Carvalho

Brazil Zé Roberto
Flag of France Patrick Vieira
Flag of France Zinedine Zidane
Germany Michael Ballack
Flag of Italy Andrea Pirlo
Flag of Italy Gennaro Gattuso
Flag of Italy Francesco Totti
Flag of Portugal Luís Figo
Flag of Portugal Maniche

Flag of Argentina Hernán Crespo
Flag of France Thierry Henry
Germany Miroslav Klose
Flag of Italy Luca Toni

Prize money

A total of CHF332 million was awarded to the 32 teams participating in the tournament. Each team who entered the competition received CHF2 million, with the biggest prize being CHF24.5 million, awarded to the winner of the tournament. Below is a complete list of the prize money allocated:

Final standings

All 32 teams are ranked based on criteria which have been used by FIFA. Please note that a penalty shoot-out count as a draw for both teams.

R Team G P W D L GF GA GD Pts.
1 Flag of Italy.gif Italy E 7 5 2 0 12 2 +10 17
2 Flag of France.png France G 7 4 3 0 9 3 +6 15
3 Germany.png Germany A 7 5 1 1 14 6 +8 16
4 Flag of Portugal.gif Portugal D 7 4 1 2 7 5 +2 13
Eliminated in the quarter-finals
5 Brazil.png Brazil F 5 4 0 1 10 2 +8 12
6 Flag of Argentina.png Argentina C 5 3 2 0 11 3 +8 11
7 England.png England B 5 3 2 0 6 2 +4 11
8 Flag of Ukraine.png Ukraine H 5 2 1 2 5 7 −2 7
Eliminated in the round of 16
9 Flag of Spain.png Spain H 4 3 0 1 9 4 +5 9
10 Switzerland.png Switzerland G 4 2 2 0 4 0 +4 8
11 Netherlands.png Netherlands C 4 2 1 1 3 2 +1 7
12 Flag of Ecuador.png Ecuador A 4 2 0 2 5 4 +1 6
13 Flag of Ghana.png Ghana E 4 2 0 2 4 6 −2 6
14 Flag of Sweden Good one.jpg Sweden B 4 1 2 1 3 4 −1 5
15 Flag of Mexico.png Mexico D 4 1 1 2 5 5 0 4
16 Flag of Australia.png Australia F 4 1 1 2 5 6 −1 4
Eliminated in the group stage
17 South Korea.png South Korea G 3 1 1 1 3 4 −1 4
18 Flag of Paraguay.png Paraguay B 3 1 0 2 2 2 0 3
19 Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.png Ivory Coast C 3 1 0 2 5 6 −1 3
20 Flag of Czech.jpg Czech Republic E 3 1 0 2 3 4 −1 3
21 Flag of Poland.png Poland A 3 1 0 2 2 4 −2 3
22 Croatia.png Croatia F 3 0 2 1 2 3 −1 2
23 Flag of Angola.png Angola D 3 0 2 1 1 2 −1 2
24 Flag of Tunisia.png Tunisia H 3 0 1 2 3 6 −3 1
25 Iran.png Iran D 3 0 1 2 2 6 −4 1
Flag of the United States.png United States E 3 0 1 2 2 6 −4 1
27 Trinidad and Tobago.png Trinidad and Tobago B 3 0 1 2 0 4 −4 1
28 Flag of Japan.png Japan F 3 0 1 2 2 7 −5 1
Flag of Saudi Arabia.png Saudi Arabia H 3 0 1 2 2 7 −5 1
30 Flag of Togo.png Togo G 3 0 0 3 1 6 −5 0
31 Flag of Costa Rica.png Costa Rica A 3 0 0 3 3 9 −6 0
32 Flag of Serbia and Montenegro.png Serbia and Montenegro C 3 0 0 3 2 10 −8 0

See also

2005 Belgium 20 Euro FIFA World Cup front

2006 FIFA World Cup Belgian Coin

References and footnotes

External links

2006 FIFA World Cup

Group A  · Group B  · Group C  · Group D  · Group E  · Group F  · Group G  · Group H

Knockout stage  · Quarter-finals  · Semi-finals  · Third place play-off  · Final

Battle of Nuremberg

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