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2. Bundesliga
Bundesliga
Country Germany Germany
Confederation UEFA
Founded 1974
Number of teams 18
Promotion to Bundesliga
Relegation to 3. Liga
Levels on pyramid 2
Domestic cup(s) DFB-Pokal
UEFA cup(s) UEFA Europa League (via domestic cups)
Current champions 1. FC Köln (4th title) (2018–19)
Most successful club 1. FC Nürnberg,
SC Freiburg (4 titles)
Website Official website
Football current event 2019-20

The 2. Bundesliga, is the Second Division of professional football in Germany. The 2. Bundesliga is ranked below the Bundesliga and above the 3. Liga in the German football league system. All of the 2. Bundesliga clubs qualify for the DFB-Pokal, the annual German Cup competition. A total of 123 clubs have competed in the 2. Bundesliga since its foundation.

The decision to establish the league as the second level of football in West Germany was taken in May 1973. The league started operating in August 1974, then with two divisions of 20 clubs. It was reduced to a single division in 1981. From the 1991–92 season onwards clubs from former East Germany started participating in the league, briefly expanding it to two divisions again. It returned to a single division format again at the end of that season and has been playing with 18 clubs as its strength since 1994. Two clubs from the 2. Bundesliga are directly promoted to the Bundesliga, while a third promoted club has been determined through play-offs from 1974 to 1991 and again since 2008. Between 1991 and 2008 the third-placed club in the league was directly promoted. The bottom clubs in the league are relegated to the third division which has been, from 1974 to 1994 the Oberliga, from 1994 to 2008 the Regionalliga and since 2008 the 3. Liga. The number of relegated clubs has fluctuated over the years. Since 2008 two clubs are directly relegated while the third-last team has the opportunity to defend its league place in play-offs against the third placed team of the 3. Liga.

1. FC Nürnberg holds the record number of championships in the league with four. The club also holds the record for number of promotions from the 2. Bundesliga to the Bundesliga, seven.

Members of the 2. Bundesliga (2019–20 season)

Team Location Stadium Capacity
Erzgebirge Aue Aue Sparkassen-Erzgebirgsstadion 15,711
Arminia Bielefeld Bielefeld Schüco-Arena 27,300
VfL Bochum Bochum Ruhrstadion 29,299
Darmstadt 98 Darmstadt Merck-Stadion am Böllenfalltor 17,000
Dynamo Dresden Dresden Rudolf-Harbig-Stadion 32,066
Greuther Fürth Fürth Sportpark Ronhof Thomas Sommer 18,500
Hamburger SV Hamburg Volksparkstadion 57,000
Hannover 96 Hanover HDI-Arena 49,000
1. FC Heidenheim Heidenheim Voith-Arena 15,000
Karlsruher SC Karlsruhe Wildparkstadion 29,699
Holstein Kiel Kiel Holstein-Stadion 15,034
1. FC Nürnberg Nuremberg Max-Morlock-Stadion 49,923
VfL Osnabrück Osnabrück Stadion an der Bremer Brücke 16,667
Jahn Regensburg Regensburg Continental Arena 15,224
SV Sandhausen Sandhausen BWT-Stadion am Hardtwald 15,414
FC St. Pauli Hamburg Millerntor-Stadion 29,546
VfB Stuttgart Stuttgart Mercedes-Benz Arena 60,449
SV Wehen Wiesbaden Wiesbaden BRITA-Arena 12,250

External links

2. Bundesliga 2019-20

Erzgebirge Aue · Arminia Bielefeld · VfL Bochum · Darmstadt 98 · Dynamo Dresden · Greuther Fürth · Hamburger SV · Hannover 96 · 1. FC Heidenheim · Karlsruher SC · Holstein Kiel · 1. FC Nürnberg · VfL Osnabrück · Jahn Regensburg · SV Sandhausen · FC St. Pauli · VfB Stuttgart · SV Wehen Wiesbaden

2. Fußball-Bundesliga seasons

2000-01 · 2001-02 · 2002-03 · 2003-04 · 2004-05 · 2005-06 · 2006-07 · 2007-08 · 2008-09 · 2009-10 · 2010-11 · 2011-12 · 2012-13 · 2013-14 · 2014-15 · 2015-16 · 2016-17 · 2017-18 · 2018-19 · 2019-20 · 2020-21 ·

Bundesliga stadiums 2019-20

Allianz Arena (Bayern Munich) · BayArena (Bayer Leverkusen) · Benteler-Arena (SC Paderborn) · Borussia-Park (Borussia Mönchengladbach) · Commerzbank-Arena (Eintracht Frankfurt) · Merkur Spiel-Arena (Fortuna Düsseldorf) · Olympiastadion Berlin (Hertha BSC) · Opel Arena (Mainz 05) · PreZero Arena (1899 Hoffenheim) · Red Bull Arena (RB Leipzig) · RheinEnergieStadion (1. FC Köln) · Schwarzwald-Stadion (SC Freiburg) · Signal Iduna Park (Borussia Dortmund) · Stadion An der Alten Försterei (Union Berlin) · Veltins-Arena (Schalke 04) · Volkswagen Arena (VfL Wolfsburg) · Wohninvest Weserstadion (Werder Bremen) · WWK Arena (FC Augsburg)

Germany crest
Germany Germany
DFBEagle.svg
Football in Germany
League competitions The DFB Cup competitions
1. Bundesliga Germany (B) (U21) DFB-Pokal
2. Bundesliga, 3. Liga, Regionalliga List of clubs DFB-Ligapokal
Oberliga, Verbandsliga, Landesliga List of stadiums
(by capacity)
DFL-Supercup
Bezirksoberliga, Bezirksliga, Kreisliga, Kreisklasse List of leagues
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