FANDOM


1994 FIFA World Cup
World Cup '94
1994 FIFA World Cup logo..png
1994 FIFA World Cup official logo
Tournament details
Host countryFlag of the United States.png United States
DatesJune 17–July 17, 1994
Teams24 (from 5 confederations)
Venue(s)(in 9 host cities)
Final positions
ChampionsBrazil.png Brazil (4th title)
Runner-upFlag of Italy.gif Italy
Third placeFlag of Sweden Good one.jpg Sweden
Fourth placeFlag of Bulgaria.png Bulgaria
Tournament statistics
Matches played52
Goals scored141 (2.71 per match)
Attendance3,587,538 (68,991 per match)
Top scorer(s)Flag of Bulgaria Hristo Stoichkov
Flag of Russia Good One Oleg Salenko
(6 goals)
Best playerBrazil Romário
1990
1998

The 1994 FIFA World Cup, the 15th staging of the FIFA World Cup, was held in nine cities across the United States from June 17 to July 17, 1994. The United States was chosen as the host by FIFA on July 4, 1988. Brazil became the first nation to win four World Cup titles when they beat Italy 3–2 in a penalty shootout after the game ended 0–0 after extra-time, the first World Cup final to be decided on penalties. The official match ball was the Adidas Questra.

Average attendance was nearly 69,000, which broke records that had stood since the 1966 World Cup. The total attendance of nearly 3.6 million for the final tournament remains the highest in World Cup history, despite the expansion of the competition from 24 to 32 teams (and from 52 to 64 matches) in the 1998 World Cup.

Qualification

Greece, Nigeria, and Saudi Arabia qualified for the World Cup finals for the first time. Russia, competing independently for the first time after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, also qualified. The defending champions West Germany were united with their East German counterparts, representing the unified Germany for the first time since the 1938 World Cup.

As a result of the strong performances by African teams in 1990, Africa was given three spots for the first time, with Nigeria joining Cameroon and Morocco.

Norway qualified for the first time since 1938, Bolivia for the first time since 1950, and Switzerland for the first time since 1966.

The qualification campaigns of both Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia were affected by political events. The nation of Czechoslovakia dissolved in 1992, and the team completed its qualifying group under the name Representation of Czechs and Slovaks (RCS), but failed to reach the finals. Yugoslavia was suspended from international competition in 1992 as part of United Nations sanctions against the country as a result of the Yugoslav Wars. The sanctions were not lifted until 1994, by which time it was no longer possible for the team to qualify.

Among other teams who failed to qualify were Uruguay and England. Hungary and France both failed to qualify for the second successive tournament, while Scotland failed to qualify for the first time since 1970. This was the only World Cup finals since 1938 for which neither England nor Scotland (nor indeed any of the British home nations) qualified, although the Republic of Ireland did qualify.

Summary

FIFA's decision to hold the event in the United States over the bids of Morocco and Brazil surprised many, due to the common perception that the United States had a relative lack of soccer fans. FIFA hoped that by staging the world's most prestigious football tournament there, it would lead to a growth of interest in the sport - one condition FIFA imposed was the creation of a professional football league; Major League Soccer started play in 1996. Despite these misgivings, in terms of attendance the event was a success. The average attendance of nearly 69,000 shattered a record that had stood since 1950 World Cup, because of the bigger capacities of the American stadiums compared to those of Europe and Latin America. To this day, the total attendance for the final tournament of nearly 3.6 million remains the highest in World Cup history, despite the expansion of the competition to 32 teams in 1998 World Cup. Germany, Brazil, Argentina, Belgium, Italy and the United States were seeded for the final draw that took place in Las Vegas, Nevada, on December 19, 1993.

The format of the competition stayed the same as in the 1990 World Cup: 24 teams qualified, divided into six groups of four. Sixteen teams would qualify for the knockout competition: the six group winners, the six group runners-up, and the four third-placed teams with the best records. This was the last time this format was used, due to the expansion of the finals tournament in 1998 to 32 teams. This World Cup was the first in which three points were awarded for a win instead of two. FIFA instituted this feature to encourage attacking football after the defensive display of many teams at Italia '90.

The tournament saw the end of Diego Maradona's World Cup career, having played in the 1982, the 1986 — where he led Argentina to the World Cup title — and the 1990 World Cups, where he led them to the final. Maradona was expelled from the tournament after he failed a drug test which uncovered ephedrine, a weight loss drug, in his blood. Colombia, despite high expectations due to their style and impressive qualifying campaign, disappointed in the tournament, failed to advance from the round robin. The team was supposedly dogged by influence from betting syndicates and drug cartels, with coach Francisco Maturana receiving death threats over squad selection. Defender Andrés Escobar was a tragic figure of this tournament, as in the group stage match against the United States national team, he scored an own goal which eliminated his team 2–1. Escobar was shot to death outside a bar in a Medellín suburb only ten days after the match, apparently in retaliation for the own goal.

On the field, the biggest surprise of the tournament was Bulgaria. The Bulgarians had never won a match in five previous World Cup finals but, led by Hristo Stoichkov who eventually shared the tournament lead in scoring, they made a surprising run; Bulgaria won two of their three group matches to qualify for the second round, where they advanced with a 3–1 penalty shoot-out win over Mexico. Bulgaria then faced the reigning world champions, Germany, in the quarter-finals, where goals from Stoichkov and Yordan Letchkov gave them a 2–1 victory. Bulgaria went on to finish in fourth place after losing to Italy and Sweden, in the semi-finals and third-place match, respectively. The hosts advanced to the second round as one of the best third-place teams. They played Brazil and, despite a 1–0 defeat, the United States' performance was considered a great success.

Brazil's win over the United States helped take them to the final against Italy. While Brazil's path was relatively smooth as they defeated the Netherlands in the quarter-finals and Sweden in the semis (it was the second game between Sweden and Brazil in the tournament, the first ending 1–1), the Italians had made hard work of reaching the final game. During the group stage the Italian team struggled and narrowly advanced to the next round, despite losing 1–0 to the Republic of Ireland. Roberto Baggio, who was expected to be the shining star, had not scored a goal. During the Round of 16 match against Nigeria, Italy was trailing 1–0 in the dying minutes when Baggio scored the equalizer forcing the game into extra time. He scored again with a penalty kick to send Italy through. Baggio carried the Italians from there, scoring the game-winning goal in the quarter-final against Spain, and both goals in Italy's semi-final victory over Bulgaria.

The final match at the Rose Bowl was tense, but devoid of scoring chances. Despite the strategies implemented by FIFA to promote offensive play, both teams failed to produce a goal. After 120 goalless minutes, the World Cup was decided for the first time by a penalty shoot-out. After four rounds, Brazil led 3–2, and Baggio, playing injured, had to score to keep Italy's hopes alive. He missed by shooting it over the bar, and Brazil were crowned champions. The trophy was handed to captain Dunga from the hands of the vice-president Al Gore. The Brazilian national team dedicated the title to the deceased Brazilian Formula One champion Ayrton Senna, who had died two and a half months prior.

The third-place playoff was set between Bulgaria and Sweden, the team which scored more goals than any other in this World Cup. Sweden won convincingly with a 4–0 victory. One of Sweden's players — Thomas Brolin — was named to the All-star team.

The tournament's Golden Boot went jointly to Bulgaria's Stoichkov and Oleg Salenko of Russia, who scored a record five goals in their match against Cameroon. Both players scored six goals in the tournament. Brazil's Romário, with five goals, won the Golden Ball as the tournament's best player.

Mascot

The official mascot of this World Cup was Striker, a dog wearing a red, white and blue soccer uniform with a soccer ball. Striker was designed by the Warner Bros. animation team.

Venues

The games were held in nine cities across the country. All stadiums had a capacity of at least 53,000, and their usual tenants were National Football League or NCAA Football teams. The most used venue was the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, with eight games, among them the final, the third place match, a semifinal and a game of the Round of 16, followed by the Giants Stadium in East Rutherford, which had one semifinal, a quarterfinal and a round of 16 match. The least used was the Pontiac Silverdome, the first indoor stadium used in a World Cup, with four Round 1 matches.

Referees

Africa
Asia
Europe
North and Central America
South America

Squads

Teams were selected as usual following FIFA rules with 22 players. Greece, Italy, Saudi Arabia and Spain were the only countries who had all their players coming from domestic teams, while the Republic of Ireland and Nigeria had no players from domestic teams. Saudi Arabia were the only team with no players from European teams.

Seeding

The composition of the four pots was based on the FIFA World Ranking (established in 1993) and on the qualified teams' results in the three previous World Cups.

Pot 1 (Top 5 plus Hosts) Pot 2 (Europe 1–6) Pot 3 (Europe 7–10 + Asia) Pot 4 (Africa + Americas)

Opening ceremony

The opening ceremony of the World Cup was held on 17 June at Chicago's Soldier Field. Numerous dignitaries attended, including United States President Bill Clinton, Chancellor of Germany Helmut Kohl and President of Bolivia Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada. The ceremony was emceed by Oprah Winfrey. In addition, Daryl Hall, Jon Secada and Diana Ross gave musical performances. Ross was also supposed to kick a football into the goal from the penalty spot at the end of her performance, with the goal then splitting in two as part of a pre-orchestrated stunt. She kicked the ball wide to the left, missing the goal, but the goalposts were collapsed anyway in accordance with the stunt plans.

Results

Group stage

All times local (EDT/UTC-4, CDT/UTC-5, PDT/UTC-7)

Key to colours in group tables
Group winners, runners-up, and best four third-placed teams advance to the Round of 16

Group A

Main article: 1994 FIFA World Cup Group A

Group A will be remembered for two historic moments in international football. First was that the match between the United States and Switzerland would be the first ever to take place indoors, having been played under the roof at the Pontiac Silverdome. The second was the murder of Colombian defender Andrés Escobar - shot dead on his return to Colombia, after his own goal had contributed to his country's elimination from the tournament.

Victories against Colombia and the United States (in front of a crowd of 93,869) were enough to see Romania through as group winners, despite a 4–1 hammering by Switzerland in between. The magnitude of that victory let the Swiss move past the Americans into second place on goal difference, although the hosts qualified for the second round as one of the best third-placed teams.


Team Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
Notes
Romania.png Romania 3 2 0 1 5 5 0 6
Switzerland.png Switzerland 3 1 1 1 5 4 +1 4
Flag of the United States.png United States 3 1 1 1 3 3 0 4
Flag of Colombia.png Colombia 3 1 0 2 4 5 −1 3
18 June 1994
11:30 EDT
United States Flag of the United States.png 1 – 1 Switzerland.png Switzerland Pontiac Silverdome, Pontiac
Attendance: 73,425
Referee: Francisco Oscar Lamolina (Argentina)
Wynalda Soccerball 45' Report Bregy Soccerball 39'

18 June 1994
16:30 PDT
Colombia Flag of Colombia.png 1 – 3 Romania.png Romania Rose Bowl, Pasadena
Attendance: 93,586
Referee: Jamal Al Sharif (Syria)
Valencia Soccerball 43' Report Răducioiu Soccerball 16'89'
Hagi Soccerball 34'

22 June 1994
16:00 EDT
Romania Romania.png 1 – 4 Switzerland.png Switzerland Pontiac Silverdome, Pontiac
Attendance: 61,428
Referee: Neji Jouini (Tunisia)
Hagi Soccerball 36' Report Sutter Soccerball 16'
Chapuisat Soccerball 53'
Knup Soccerball 66'72'

22 June 1994
16:30 PDT
United States Flag of the United States.png 2 – 1 Flag of Colombia.png Colombia Rose Bowl, Pasadena
Attendance: 93,869
Referee: Fabio Baldas (Italy)
Escobar Soccerball 34' (o.g.)
Stewart Soccerball 52'
Report Valencia Soccerball 90'

26 June 1994
13:00 PDT
Switzerland Switzerland.png 0 – 2 Flag of Colombia.png Colombia Stanford Stadium, Stanford
Attendance: 83,401
Referee: Peter Mikkelsen (Denmark)
Report Gaviria Soccerball 44'
Lozano Soccerball 89'

26 June 1994
13:00 PDT
United States Flag of the United States.png 0 – 1 Romania.png Romania Rose Bowl, Pasadena
Attendance: 93,869
Referee: Mario van der Ende (Netherlands)
Report Petrescu Soccerball 17'

Group B

Main article: 1994 FIFA World Cup Group B

Group B produced two of the four semi-finalists of this World Cup, and was also one of the two groups in which two, rather than three, sides would progress to the second round. Brazil and Sweden proved to be far stronger than Cameroon and Russia in every department. The match between the latter two broke two World Cup records. Oleg Salenko of Russia became the first - and remains the only - man ever to score five goals in a single World Cup match as Russia ran out 6–1 winners against their African opponents. The goals also ensured that Salenko finished the tournament joint-top scorer with six goals, having previously bagged one against Sweden. Cameroon left a mark too as Roger Milla, at the age of 42, became the oldest World Cup goalscorer of all time as he grabbed his side's consolation goal in the match. The result was not enough to take Russia through following heavy defeats at the hands of both Brazil and Sweden. Brazil overcame Cameroon with similar ease before a draw with Sweden confirmed top spot. The Swedes also progressed, finishing in second place with five points.


Team Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
Notes
Brazil.png Brazil 3 2 1 0 6 1 +5 7
Flag of Sweden Good one.jpg Sweden 3 1 2 0 6 4 +2 5
Flag of Russia Good One.gif Russia 3 1 0 2 7 6 +1 3
Flag of Cameroon.png Cameroon 3 0 1 2 3 11 −8 1
19 June 1994
16:30 PDT
Cameroon Flag of Cameroon.png 2 – 2 Flag of Sweden Good one.jpg Sweden Rose Bowl, Pasadena
Attendance: 93,194
Referee: Alberto Tejada Noriega (Peru)
Embé Soccerball 31'
Omam-Biyik Soccerball 47'
Report Ljung Soccerball 8'
Dahlin Soccerball 75'

20 June 1994
13:00 PDT
Brazil Brazil.png 2 – 0 Flag of Russia Good One.gif Russia Stanford Stadium, Stanford
Attendance: 81,061
Referee: Lim Kee Chong (Mauritius)
Romário Soccerball 26'
Raí Soccerball 52' (pen.)
Report

24 June 1994
13:00 PDT
Brazil Brazil.png 3 – 0 Flag of Cameroon.png Cameroon Stanford Stadium, Stanford
Attendance: 83,401
Referee: Arturo Brizio Carter (Mexico)
Romário Soccerball 39'
Márcio Santos Soccerball 66'
Bebeto Soccerball 73'
Report

24 June 1994
19:30 EDT
Sweden Flag of Sweden Good one.jpg 3 – 1 Flag of Russia Good One.gif Russia Pontiac Silverdome, Pontiac
Attendance: 71,528
Referee: Joël Quiniou (France)
Brolin Soccerball 37' (pen.)
Dahlin Soccerball 59'81'
Report Salenko Soccerball 4' (pen.)

28 June 1994
13:00 PDT
Russia Flag of Russia Good One.gif 6 – 1 Flag of Cameroon.png Cameroon Stanford Stadium, Stanford
Attendance: 74,914
Referee: Jamal Al Sharif (Syria)
Salenko Soccerball 15'41'44' (pen.)72'75'
Radchenko Soccerball 81'
Report Milla Soccerball 46'

28 June 1994
16:00 EDT
Brazil Brazil.png 1 – 1 Flag of Sweden Good one.jpg Sweden Pontiac Silverdome, Pontiac
Attendance: 77,217
Referee: Sándor Puhl (Hungary)
Romário Soccerball 46' Report K. Andersson Soccerball 23'

Group C

Main article: 1994 FIFA World Cup Group C

Holders Germany, and Spain progressed to round two. Coming from two goals down with four minutes left to snatch a 2–2 draw against Spain, the Koreans very nearly eclipsed that feat against Germany when they came from 3–0 down to lose narrowly 3–2. In spite of these comebacks, South Korea were held to a 0–0 draw against Bolivia in their other group match when a win would have seen them through. Instead, only two teams progressed; Spain's late implosion against the Koreans effectively decided that it would be Germany who won the group and not them. Germany, who defeated Bolivia 1–0 in the tournament's opening match, finished with seven points. Spain had to settle for second place despite leading in all three matches.

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
Germany.png Germany 321053+27
Flag of Spain.png Spain 312064+25
South Korea.png South Korea 302145−12
Flag of Bolivia.png Bolivia 301214−31
17 June 1994
14:00 CDT
Germany Germany.png 1 – 0 Flag of Bolivia.png Bolivia Soldier Field, Chicago
Attendance: 63,117
Referee: Arturo Brizio Carter (Mexico)
Klinsmann Soccerball 61' Report

17 June 1994
18:30 CDT
Spain Flag of Spain.png 2 – 2 South Korea.png South Korea Cotton Bowl, Dallas
Attendance: 56,247
Referee: Peter Mikkelsen (Denmark)
Salinas Soccerball 51'
Goikoetxea Soccerball 55'
Report Hong Myung-Bo Soccerball 85'
Seo Jung-Won Soccerball 90'

21 June 1994
15:00 CDT
Germany Germany.png 1 – 1 Flag of Spain.png Spain Soldier Field, Chicago
Attendance: 63,113
Referee: Filippi Cavani (Uruguay)
Klinsmann Soccerball 48' Report Goikoetxea Soccerball 14'

23 June 1994
19:30 EDT
South Korea South Korea.png 0 – 0 Flag of Bolivia.png Bolivia Foxboro Stadium, Foxborough
Attendance: 54,453
Referee: Leslie Mottram (Scotland)
Report

27 June 1994
15:00 CDT
Bolivia Flag of Bolivia.png 1 – 3 Flag of Spain.png Spain Soldier Field, Chicago
Attendance: 63,089
Referee: Rodrigo Badilla (Costa Rica)
E. Sánchez Soccerball 67' Report Guardiola Soccerball 19' (pen.)
Caminero Soccerball 66'70'

27 June 1994
15:00 CDT
Germany Germany.png 3 – 2 South Korea.png South Korea Cotton Bowl, Dallas
Attendance: 63,998
Referee: Joël Quiniou (France)
Klinsmann Soccerball 12'37'
Riedle Soccerball 20'
Report Hwang Sun-Hong Soccerball 52'
Hong Myung-Bo Soccerball 63'

Group D

Main article: 1994 FIFA World Cup Group D

Argentina collected a maximum of six points from their opening two matches after beating Greece 4–0 in Foxboro before coming from behind to overcome the feisty Nigerians 2–1 on the same field four days later, yet still only finished third. The match against Greece had been won in style thanks mainly to a hat-trick from Gabriel Batistuta, yet it was the other goal in the match - from Diego Maradona - that hit the headlines. Nigeria had been very impressive on their World Cup debut, and despite the narrow loss to Argentina, had emerged as group winners following comfortable victories against Bulgaria and Greece. The Bulgarians also surprised many. Having never won a single match at the World Cup finals prior to this tournament, their fortunes seemed unlikely to change in the aftermath of the 3–0 defeat by Nigeria in their first game. However a 4–0 demolition of the Greeks (who had suffered exactly the same fate five days earlier against Argentina) and a win against Argentina had seen them advance in style. Argentina had actually been winning the group going into injury-time; however, a 91st-minute strike from Nasko Sirakov meant that they dropped two places and finished 3rd.


Team Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
Notes
Flag of Nigeria 001.jpg Nigeria 3 2 0 1 6 2 +4 6
Flag of Bulgaria.png Bulgaria 3 2 0 1 6 3 +3 6
Flag of Argentina.png Argentina 3 2 0 1 6 3 +3 6
Flag of Greece.svg.png Greece 3 0 0 3 0 10 −10 0
21 June 1994
12:30 EDT
Argentina Flag of Argentina.png 4 – 0 Flag of Greece.svg.png Greece Foxboro Stadium, Foxborough
Attendance: 54,456
Referee: Arturo Angeles (United States)
Batistuta Soccerball 2'45'89' (pen.)
Maradona Soccerball 60'
Report

21 June 1994
18:30 CDT
Nigeria Flag of Nigeria 001.jpg 3 – 0 Flag of Bulgaria.png Bulgaria Cotton Bowl, Dallas
Attendance: 44,132
Referee: Rodrigo Badilla (Costa Rica)
Yekini Soccerball 21'
Amokachi Soccerball 43'
Amuneke Soccerball 55'
Report

25 June 1994
16:00 EDT
Argentina Flag of Argentina.png 2 – 1 Flag of Nigeria 001.jpg Nigeria Foxboro Stadium, Foxborough
Attendance: 54,453
Referee: Bo Karlsson (Sweden)
Caniggia Soccerball 21'28' Report Siasia Soccerball 8'

26 June 1994
11:30 CDT
Greece Flag of Greece.svg.png 0 – 4 Flag of Bulgaria.png Bulgaria Soldier Field, Chicago
Attendance: 63,160
Referee: Ali Bujsaim (United Arab Emirates)
Report Stoichkov Soccerball 5' (pen.)55' (pen.)
Letchkov Soccerball 65'
Borimirov Soccerball 90'

30 June 1994
18:30 CDT
Argentina Flag of Argentina.png 0 – 2 Flag of Bulgaria.png Bulgaria Cotton Bowl, Dallas
Attendance: 63,998
Referee: Neji Jouini (Tunisia)
Report Stoichkov Soccerball 61'
Sirakov Soccerball 90'

30 June 1994
19:30 EDT
Greece Flag of Greece.svg.png 0 – 2 Flag of Nigeria 001.jpg Nigeria Foxboro Stadium, Foxborough
Attendance: 53,001
Referee: Leslie Mottram (Scotland)
Report George Soccerball 45'
Amokachi Soccerball 90'

Group E

Main article: 1994 FIFA World Cup Group E

Group E remains the only group in World Cup history in which all four teams finished with the same points. It began when Ray Houghton's chip ensured that Ireland would gain revenge on Italy by reversing a 1–0 scoreline the Italians had beaten them by in the quarter-finals of the previous World Cup. The next day in Washington, Kjetil Rekdal's goal five minutes from time proved decisive in an equally tense encounter as Norway beat Mexico. Mexico however was much more comfortable playing in Orlando, the setting for their next match against Ireland, where the heat proved to be a key factor. Garcia's double had them 2–0 up and in control of the game before a disagreement on the touchline resulted in fines for both Republic of Ireland's manager, Jack Charlton, and their striker John Aldridge. Fortunately for Ireland, Aldridge was able to re-gain concentration in time to score six minutes from the end of the game. Though Ireland still lost the match 2–1, Aldridge's goal proved crucial in the final group standings. The previous day in New Jersey, Italy's World Cup hopes seemed to be diminishing fast as goalkeeper Gianluca Pagliuca was sent off with the game still at 0–0. Yet despite this, Italy were still able to salvage an important 1–0 victory. Norway would ultimately pay a price for their inability to take advantage of Pagliuca's dismissal. With the four teams level on points, the final two group matches would each have to finish as draws for things to stay that way. Republic of Ireland made it through after a dreary 0–0 draw with Norway, whilst midfielders Massaro and Bernal traded strikes as Italy were held 1–1 by Mexico. That result meant that Mexico won the group on goals scored with Ireland and Italy also progressing having finished with identical records (Ireland finishing second on account of the fact that they had beaten Italy when the teams played one another). Norway's shortcomings in attack had ultimately let them down.

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
Flag of Mexico.png Mexico 31113304
Flag of Republic Ireland.gif Republic of Ireland 31112204
Flag of Italy.gif Italy 31112204
Flag of Norway.png Norway 31111104
18 June 1994
16:00 EDT
Italy Flag of Italy.gif 0 – 1 Flag of Republic Ireland.gif Republic of Ireland Giants Stadium, East Rutherford
Attendance: 75,338
Referee: Mario van der Ende (Netherlands)
Report Houghton Soccerball 11'

19 June 1994
16:00 EDT
Norway Flag of Norway.png 1 – 0 Flag of Mexico.png Mexico RFK Stadium, Washington
Attendance: 52,395
Referee: Sándor Puhl (Hungary)
Rekdal Soccerball 84' Report

23 June 1994
16:00 EDT
Italy Flag of Italy.gif 1 – 0 Flag of Norway.png Norway Giants Stadium, East Rutherford
Attendance: 74,624
Referee: Hellmut Krug (Germany)
D. Baggio Soccerball 69' Report

24 June 1994
12:30 EDT
Mexico Flag of Mexico.png 2 – 1 Flag of Republic Ireland.gif Republic of Ireland Citrus Bowl, Orlando
Attendance: 60,790
Referee: Kurt Röthlisberger (Switzerland)
García Soccerball 42'65' Report Aldridge Soccerball 84'

28 June 1994
12:30 EDT
Italy Flag of Italy.gif 1 – 1 Flag of Mexico.png Mexico RFK Stadium, Washington
Attendance: 52,535
Referee: Francisco Oscar Lamolina (Argentina)
Massaro Soccerball 48' Report Bernal Soccerball 57'

28 June 1994
12:30 EDT
Republic of Ireland Flag of Republic Ireland.gif 0 – 0 Flag of Norway.png Norway Giants Stadium, East Rutherford
Attendance: 72,404
Referee: José Torres Cadena (Colombia)
Report

Group F

Main article: 1994 FIFA World Cup Group F

Morocco lost each of their matches only by a single goal. Belgium's campaign went the same way as Argentina's; finishing third despite winning their first two matches. After 1–0 victories against Morocco and the Netherlands, Belgium were ultimately beaten after Saudi player Saaed Al-Owairian ran from his own half through a maze of Belgian players to score the game's only goal. Both teams went through. For the much-fancied Dutch however, progression to the second round was a somewhat nervier experience. The opening 2–1 victory against Saudi Arabia was followed by defeat against the Belgians before another 2–1 victory - this time at the expense of Morocco - eventually saw them win the group. Winger Bryan Roy scored the winner a mere twelve minutes from time.

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
Netherlands.png Netherlands 320143+16
Flag of Saudi Arabia.png Saudi Arabia 320143+16
Belgium.png Belgium 320121+16
Morocco.png Morocco 300325−30
19 June 1994
12:30 EDT
Belgium Belgium.png 1 – 0 Morocco.png Morocco Citrus Bowl, Orlando
Attendance: 61,219
Referee: José Torres Cadena (Colombia)
Degryse Soccerball 11' Report

20 June 1994
19:30 EDT
Netherlands Netherlands.png 2 – 1 Flag of Saudi Arabia.png Saudi Arabia RFK Stadium, Washington
Attendance: 50,535
Referee: Manuel Diaz Vega (Spain)
Jonk Soccerball 50'
Taument Soccerball 86'
Report Amin Soccerball 18'

25 June 1994
12:30 EDT
Saudi Arabia Flag of Saudi Arabia.png 2 – 1 Morocco.png Morocco Giants Stadium, East Rutherford
Attendance: 76,322
Referee: Philip Don (England)
Al-Jaber Soccerball 7' (pen.)
Amin Soccerball 45'
Report Chaouch Soccerball 26'

25 June 1994
12:30 EDT
Belgium Belgium.png 1 – 0 Netherlands.png Netherlands Citrus Bowl, Orlando
Attendance: 62,387
Referee: Renato Marsiglia (Brazil)
Albert Soccerball 65' Report

29 June 1994
12:30 EDT
Belgium Belgium.png 0 – 1 Flag of Saudi Arabia.png Saudi Arabia RFK Stadium, Washington
Attendance: 52,959
Referee: Hellmut Krug (Germany)
Report Al-Owairan Soccerball 5'

29 June 1994
12:30 EDT
Morocco Morocco.png 1 – 2 Netherlands.png Netherlands Citrus Bowl, Orlando
Attendance: 60,578
Referee: Alberto Tejada Noriega (Peru)
Nader Soccerball 47' Report Bergkamp Soccerball 43'
Roy Soccerball 77'

Ranking of third-placed teams

Group Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
D Flag of Argentina.png Argentina 320163 +36
F Belgium.png Belgium 320121 +16
A Flag of the United States.png United States 31113304
E Flag of Italy.gif Italy 31112204
B Flag of Russia Good One.gif Russia 310276 +13
C South Korea.png South Korea 302145−12

Knockout stage

Main article: 1994 FIFA World Cup knockout stage
Round of 16 Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
                           
3 July - Pasadena            
 Romania.png Romania  3
10 July - Stanford
 Flag of Argentina.png Argentina  2  
 Romania.png Romania  2 (4)
3 July - Dallas
   Flag of Sweden Good one.jpg Sweden (p)  2 (5)  
 Flag of Saudi Arabia.png Saudi Arabia  1
13 July - Pasadena
 Flag of Sweden Good one.jpg Sweden  3  
 Flag of Sweden Good one.jpg Sweden  0
4 July - Orlando
   Brazil.png Brazil  1  
 Netherlands.png Netherlands  2
9 July - Dallas
 Flag of Republic Ireland.gif Republic of Ireland  0  
 Netherlands.png Netherlands  2
4 July - Stanford
   Brazil.png Brazil  3  
 Brazil.png Brazil  1
17 July - Pasadena
 Flag of the United States.png United States  0  
 Brazil.png Brazil (p)  0 (3)
5 July - East Rutherford
   Flag of Italy.gif Italy  0 (2)
 Flag of Mexico.png Mexico  1 (1)
10 July - East Rutherford
 Flag of Bulgaria.png Bulgaria (p)  1 (3)  
 Flag of Bulgaria.png Bulgaria  2
2 July - Chicago
   Germany.png Germany  1  
 Germany.png Germany  3
13 July - East Rutherford
 Belgium.png Belgium  2  
 Flag of Bulgaria.png Bulgaria  1
5 July - Foxborough
   Flag of Italy.gif Italy  2   Third place
 Flag of Nigeria 001.jpg Nigeria  1
9 July - Foxborough 16 July - Pasadena
 Flag of Italy.gif Italy (aet)  2  
 Flag of Italy.gif Italy  2  Flag of Sweden Good one.jpg Sweden  4
2 July - Washington
   Flag of Spain.png Spain  1    Flag of Bulgaria.png Bulgaria  0
 Flag of Spain.png Spain  3
 Switzerland.png Switzerland  0  

Round of 16

2 July 1994
12:00 CDT
Germany Germany.png 3 – 2 Belgium.png Belgium Soldier Field, Chicago
Attendance: 60,246
Referee: Kurt Röthlisberger (Switzerland)
Völler Soccerball 6'40'
Klinsmann Soccerball 11'
Report Grün Soccerball 8'
Albert Soccerball 90'

2 July 1994
16:30 EDT
Spain Flag of Spain.png 3 – 0 Switzerland.png Switzerland RFK Stadium, Washington
Attendance: 53,121
Referee: Mario van der Ende (Netherlands)
Hierro Soccerball 15'
Luis Enrique Soccerball 74'
Begiristain Soccerball 86' (pen.)
Report

3 July 1994
12:00 CDT
Saudi Arabia Flag of Saudi Arabia.png 1 – 3 Flag of Sweden Good one.jpg Sweden Cotton Bowl, Dallas
Attendance: 60,277
Referee: Renato Marsiglia (Brazil)
Al-Ghesheyan Soccerball 85' Report Dahlin Soccerball 6'
K. Andersson Soccerball 51'88'

3 July 1994
13:30 PDT
Romania Romania.png 3 – 2 Flag of Argentina.png Argentina Rose Bowl, Pasadena
Attendance: 90,469
Referee: Pierluigi Pairetto (Italy)
Dumitrescu Soccerball 11'18'
Hagi Soccerball 58'
Report Batistuta Soccerball 16' (pen.)
Balbo Soccerball 75'

4 July 1994
12:00 EDT
Netherlands Netherlands.png 2 – 0 Flag of Republic Ireland.gif Republic of Ireland Citrus Bowl, Orlando
Attendance: 61,355
Referee: Peter Mikkelsen (Denmark)
Bergkamp Soccerball 11'
Jonk Soccerball 41'
Report

4 July 1994
12:30 PDT
Brazil Brazil.png 1 – 0 Flag of the United States.png United States Stanford Stadium, Stanford
Attendance: 84,147
Referee: Joel Quiniou (France)
Bebeto Soccerball 72' Report

5 July 1994
13:00 EDT
Nigeria Flag of Nigeria 001.jpg 1 – 2 (a.e.t.) Flag of Italy.gif Italy Foxboro Stadium, Foxborough
Attendance: 54,367
Referee: Arturo Brizio Carter (Mexico)
Amuneke Soccerball 25' Report R. Baggio Soccerball 88'102' (pen.)

5 July 1994
16:30 EDT
Mexico Flag of Mexico.png 1 – 1 (a.e.t.) Flag of Bulgaria.png Bulgaria Giants Stadium, East Rutherford
Attendance: 71,030
Referee: Jamal Al Sharif (Syria)
García Aspe Soccerball 18' (pen.) Report Stoichkov Soccerball 6'
  Penalties  
García Aspe -Soccerball shade cross
Bernal -Soccerball shade cross
Rodríguez -Soccerball shade cross
Suárez Soccerball shad check
1 – 3 -Soccerball shade cross Balakov
Soccerball shad check Guentchev
Soccerball shad check Borimirov
Soccerball shad check Letchkov

Quarter-finals

9 July 1994
12:00 EDT
Italy Flag of Italy.gif 2 – 1 Flag of Spain.png Spain Foxboro Stadium, Foxborough
Attendance: 53,400
Referee: Sándor Puhl (Hungary)
D. Baggio Soccerball 25'
R. Baggio Soccerball 88'
Report Caminero Soccerball 58'

9 July 1994
14:30 CDT
Netherlands Netherlands.png 2 – 3 Brazil.png Brazil Cotton Bowl, Dallas
Attendance: 63,500
Referee: Rodrigo Badilla (Costa Rica)
Bergkamp Soccerball 64'
Winter Soccerball 76'
Report Romário Soccerball 53'
Bebeto Soccerball 63'
Branco Soccerball 81'

10 July 1994
12:00 EDT
Bulgaria Flag of Bulgaria.png 2 – 1 Germany.png Germany Giants Stadium, East Rutherford
Attendance: 72,000
Referee: José Torres Cadena (Colombia)
Stoichkov Soccerball 75'
Letchkov Soccerball 78'
Report Matthäus Soccerball 47' (pen.)

10 July 1994
12:30 PDT
Romania Romania.png 2 – 2 (a.e.t.) Flag of Sweden Good one.jpg Sweden Stanford Stadium, Stanford
Attendance: 83,500
Referee: Philip Don (England)
Răducioiu Soccerball 88'101' Report Brolin Soccerball 78'
K. Andersson Soccerball 115'
  Penalties  
Răducioiu Soccerball shad check
Hagi Soccerball shad check
Lupescu Soccerball shad check
Petrescu -Soccerball shade cross
Dumitrescu Soccerball shad check
Belodedici -Soccerball shade cross
4 – 5 -Soccerball shade cross Mild
Soccerball shad check K. Andersson
Soccerball shad check Brolin
Soccerball shad check Ingesson
Soccerball shad check R. Nilsson
Soccerball shad check Larsson

Semi-finals

13 July 1994
16:00 EDT
Bulgaria Flag of Bulgaria.png 1 – 2 Flag of Italy.gif Italy Giants Stadium, East Rutherford
Attendance: 74,110
Referee: Joel Quiniou (France)
Stoichkov Soccerball 44' (pen.) Report R. Baggio Soccerball 21'25'

13 July 1994
16:30 PDT
Sweden Flag of Sweden Good one.jpg 0 – 1 Brazil.png Brazil Rose Bowl, Pasadena
Attendance: 91,856
Referee: José Torres Cadena (Colombia)
Report Romário Soccerball 80'

Third-place match

16 July 1994
12:30 PDT
Sweden Flag of Sweden Good one.jpg 4 – 0 Flag of Bulgaria.png Bulgaria Rose Bowl, Pasadena
Attendance: 91,500
Referee: Ali Bujsaim (United Arab Emirates)
Brolin Soccerball 8'
Mild Soccerball 30'
Larsson Soccerball 37'
K. Andersson Soccerball 40'
Report

Final

Main article: 1994 FIFA World Cup Final
17 July 1994
12:30 PDT
Brazil Brazil.png 0 – 0 (a.e.t.) Flag of Italy.gif Italy Rose Bowl, Pasadena
Attendance: 94,194
Referee: Sándor Puhl (Hungary)
Report
  Penalties  
Márcio Santos -Soccerball shade cross
Romário Soccerball shad check
Branco Soccerball shad check
Dunga Soccerball shad check
3 – 2 -Soccerball shade cross Baresi
Soccerball shad check Albertini
Soccerball shad check Evani
-Soccerball shade cross Massaro
-Soccerball shade cross R. Baggio

Awards

Golden Shoe Winners Golden Ball Winner Yashin Award FIFA Fair Play Trophy Most Entertaining Team
Flag of Bulgaria Hristo Stoichkov
Flag of Russia Good One Oleg Salenko
Brazil Romário Belgium Michel Preud'homme Brazil.png Brazil Brazil.png Brazil

All-star team

Goalkeeper Defenders Midfielders Forwards

Belgium Michel Preud'homme

Brazil Jorginho
Brazil Márcio Santos
Flag of Italy Paolo Maldini

Brazil Dunga
Flag of Bulgaria Krassimir Balakov
Romania Gheorghe Hagi
Flag of Sweden Good one Tomas Brolin

Brazil Romário
Flag of Bulgaria Hristo Stoichkov
Flag of Italy Roberto Baggio

Scorers

6 goals
5 goals
4 goals
3 goals

2 goals

1 goal

Own goals

Firsts

  • The United StatesSwitzerland match on 18 June at the Pontiac Silverdome was the first to be played indoors in World Cup history: grass was grown by Michigan State University and was the first time since 1965 (the failed attempt at Astrodome) that natural turf was used in an indoor stadium in the United States. To date, only Sapporo Dome in 2002 and Veltins Arena in 2006 later followed to host indoors game in World Cup history.
  • Oleg Salenko of Russia became the first player to score 5 goals in a single World Cup finals game in his country's group stage win over Cameroon. Cameroon's Roger Milla also scored a goal in the same match, becoming the oldest player to score a goal in a World Cup. At 42, he was also the oldest player to appear in a World Cup match.
  • Gianluca Pagliuca of Italy became the first goalkeeper to be sent off in a World Cup Finals match, dismissed for handling outside his area against Norway.
  • Brazil's 11 goals in their seven games was a record for the lowest average goals scored per game for any World Cup-winning side, but this was bettered by Spain's eight goals in 2010. The three goals Brazil conceded in those seven games was at the time also the lowest average goals conceded per game, although this was subsequently surpassed by France in 1998, Italy in 2006, and Spain in 2010.
  • The finals were the first time FIFA decided to experiment with the style of jerseys worn by officials, foregoing the traditional black. They could choose between burgundy, yellow or white shirts depending on what was feasible to avoid a clash of colors with the two competing teams. This custom has since been followed, but with black shirts added as an option later.
  • The finals were also the first time that players had their shirt numbers printed on the center front of the shirt, as well as their names printed in the back of their jerseys in a World Cup, just like other American sports did, to make their identification easier for sportscasters. This custom followed from Euro 92, and has followed ever since.
  • The finals were the first to award 3 points for a win in the group stage to motivate teams to play an attacking style.
  • In disciplinary matters, for the first time yellow cards accumulated in the group stage were wiped clean after its completion, and players start with a clean slate at the start of the knockout stage. Previously, players were suspended for one match if accumulating two yellow cards throughout the tournament. Now, players were suspended for one match if accumulating two yellow cards in the group stage, or two yellow cards in the knockout stage. This was in response to the situation in 1990, where players such as Claudio Caniggia and Paul Gascoigne were suspended for the later matches.
  • The 1994 World Cup revolutionized television coverage of sports in the United States through the sponsored scoreboard and game clock that were constantly shown on screen throughout the game. Television sports coverage in the US had long been dependent upon commercial breaks; a feature suitable for sports such as baseball, basketball, ice hockey and American football (which all have breaks in the action), but long considered incompatible with soccer, due to the long stretches of uninterrupted play. Variations on it were quickly incorporated into virtually every team sports broadcast by the decade's end. The first American pro sports broadcaster to do this was Fox Sports which won national rights to broadcast the NFL's National Football Conference from CBS 6½ months before the 1994 World Cup began.
  • The 1994 FIFA World Cup final was the first to be decided by a penalty shoot-out with no goals being scored either in regular time or in extra time.

Lasts

  • This was the last World Cup in which matches other than the last two in each group were played simultaneously, although this only happened once in this tournament; Saudi Arabia v Morocco and Belgium v Netherlands in Group F. From France '98 onwards, each game in the first two rounds of group play and the whole knockout stage have been played separately to maximize television audiences.
  • This was the last World Cup where the 3rd-placed team in each group was still able to progress via Third Place qualifiers for round of 16.

External links

1994 FIFA World Cup

Group A  · Group B  · Group C  · Group D  · Group E  · Group F  · Group G  · Group H

Knockout stage  · Final

1994 FIFA World Cup stadiums

Citrus Bowl · Cotton Bowl · Foxboro Stadium · Giants Stadium · Pontiac Silverdome · RFK Stadium · Rose Bowl · Soldier Field · Stanford Stadium

2018 FIFA WC.svg
FIFA World Cup
Tournaments

Uruguay 1930 · Italy 1934 · France 1938 · Brazil 1950 · Switzerland 1954 · Sweden 1958 · Chile 1962 · England 1966 · Mexico 1970 · West Germany 1974 · Argentina 1978 · Spain 1982 · Mexico 1986 · Italy 1990 · United States 1994 · France 1998 · South Korea/Japan 2002 · Germany 2006 · South Africa 2010 · Brazil 2014 · Russia 2018 · Qatar 2022 · 2026 · 2030 · 2034 · 2038 ·

FIFA World Cup finals

1930 · 1934 · 1938 · 1950 · 1954 · 1958 · 1962 · 1966 · 1970 · 1974 · 1978 · 1982 · 1986 · 1990 · 1994 · 1998 · 2002 · 2006 · 2010 · 2014 · 2018 ·

FIFA World Cup Qualification

1930 · 1934 · 1938 · 1950 · 1954 · 1958 · 1962 · 1966 · 1970 · 1974 · 1978 · 1982 · 1986 · 1990 · 1994 · 1998 · 2002 · 2006 · 2010 · 2014 · 2018 ·

FIFA World Cup Squads

1930 · 1934 · 1938 · 1950 · 1954 · 1958 · 1962 · 1966 · 1970 · 1974 · 1978 · 1982 · 1986 · 1990 · 1994 · 1998 · 2002 · 2006 · 2010 · 2014 · 2018 ·

International football

FIFA · World Cup · Confederations Cup · U-20 World Cup · U-17 World Cup · Minor tournaments · World Rankings · Player of the Year · Teams · Competitions · Federations · Codes

Confederation Competitions
AFC Asian Cup
CAF Africa Cup of Nations
CONCACAF Gold Cup
CONMEBOL Copa América
OFC Nations Cup
UEFA European Championship
Non-FIFA N.F.-Board · Viva World Cup

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.