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1954 FIFA World Cup
Tournament details
Host countrySwitzerland.png Switzerland
Dates16 June – 4 July (19 days)
Teams16 (from 4 confederations)
Venue(s)(in 6 host cities)
Final positions
ChampionsFlag of Germany.svg West Germany (1st title)
Runner-upFlag of Hungary.png Hungary
Third placeFlag of Austria.png Austria
Fourth placeFlag of Uruguay.png Uruguay
Tournament statistics
Matches played26
Goals scored140 (5.38 per match)
Attendance768,607 (29,562 per match)
Top scorer(s)Flag of Hungary Sándor Kocsis (11 goals)
1950
1958

The 1954 FIFA World Cup, the fifth staging of the FIFA World Cup, was held in Switzerland from 16 June to 4 July. Switzerland was chosen as hosts in July 1946. The tournament set a number of all-time records for goal-scoring, including the highest average goals scored per game. The tournament was won by West Germany, who defeated Hungary 3–2 in the final, giving them their first title.

Host selection

Switzerland was awarded the tournament unopposed on 22 July 1946, the same day that Brazil was selected for the 1950 World Cup, in Luxembourg City.

Qualification

Main article: 1954 FIFA World Cup qualification

The hosts (Switzerland) and the defending champions (Uruguay) qualified automatically. Of the remaining 14 places, 11 were allocated to Europe (including Egypt, Turkey and Israel), two to the Americas, and one to Asia.

Scotland, Turkey and South Korea made their World Cup debuts at this tournament (Turkey and Scotland had qualified for the 1950 competition but both withdrew). Austria appeared for the first time since 1934. Turkey would not participate at a finals again until the 2002 competition, while South Korea's next appearance would be in 1986.

The third and fourth place teams from 1950, Sweden and Spain, both failed to qualify. In a shock result, Spain was eliminated by Turkey: after the two countries had tied a three-game series, Turkey progressed by drawing of lots.

German teams were allowed to qualify again, after having been banned from the 1950 FIFA World Cup. West Germany qualified against fellow Germans from the Saarland (which then was a French protectorate), while East Germany had not entered, cancelling international football games after the East German uprising of 1953. Argentina declined to participate for the third World Cup in succession.

Summary

Format

The 1954 tournament used a unique format. The sixteen qualifying teams were divided into four groups of four teams each. Each group contained two seeded teams and two unseeded teams. Only four matches were scheduled for each group, each pitting a seeded team against an unseeded team. This contrasts with the usual round-robin in which every team plays every other team: six matches in each group. Another oddity was that extra time, which in most tournaments is not employed at the group stage, was played in the group games if the score was level after 90 minutes, with the result being a draw if the scores were still level after 120 minutes.

Two points were awarded for a win and one for a draw. The two teams with the most points from each group progressed to the knockout stage. If the first and second placed teams were level on points, lots were drawn to decide which team would top the group. However, if the second and third placed teams were level on points, there was a play-off to decide which team would progress to the next stage.

It turned out that two of the four groups required play-offs, and the other two required drawing of lots between the two top teams. The play-offs were between Switzerland and Italy, and Turkey and West Germany: in both matches the unseeded teams (Switzerland and West Germany) repeated earlier victories against the seeds (Italy and Turkey) to progress. In the other two groups, lots were drawn to determine the first-place teams: resulting in Uruguay and Brazil finishing above Austria and Yugoslavia, respectively.

A further unusual feature of the format was that the four group-winning teams were drawn against each other in the knockout stages to produce one finalist, and the four second-placed teams played against each other to produce the second finalist. In subsequent tournaments it has become customary to draw group winners against second-placed teams in the first knockout round.

In any knockout game tied after 90 minutes, 30 minutes of extra time were played. If the scores had still been level after extra time, in any knockout game other than the final, lots would have been drawn to decide which team progressed. However, if the final had been tied after extra time, it would have been replayed, with lots deciding the winner only if the replay was also tied after extra time. In the event, all the knockout games were decided in either normal time or extra time, with no replays or drawing of lots being required.

Venues

Six venues in six cities (1 venue in each city) hosted the tournament's 26 matches. The most used stadium was the St. Jakob stadium in Basel, which hosted 6 matches. The venues in Bern, Zurich and Lausanne each hosted 5 matches, the venue in Geneva hosted 4 matches and the venue in Lugano only hosted 1 match.

Basel Bern Geneva
St. Jakob Stadium Wankdorf Stadium
(upgraded)
Charmilles Stadium
Capacity: 54,800 Capacity: 64,600 Capacity: 35,997
Wankdorf demolition 1 Ouches oct 2008 (21)
Lausanne Lugano Zürich
Stade Olympique de la Pontaise
(upgraded)
Cornaredo Stadium Hardturm Stadium
Capacity: 50,300 Capacity: 35,800 Capacity: 34,800
Stade Olympique Hardturm retouched

Squads

For a list of all squads that appeared in the final tournament, see 1954 FIFA World Cup squads.

Match officials

Participants

Asia

Europe

North and Central America

South America

Results

First round

Group 1

Team Pld W D L GF GA Pts
Brazil.png Brazil 2110613
Flag of SFR Yugoslavia 001.png Yugoslavia 2110213
Flag of France.png France 2101332
Flag of Mexico.png Mexico 2002280
  • Brazil finished ahead of Yugoslavia on drawing of lots
16 June 1954
18:00 (CET)
Brazil Brazil.png 5–0 Flag of Mexico.png Mexico Charmilles Stadium, Geneva
Attendance: 13,470
Referee: Raymon Wyssling (Switzerland)
Baltazar Soccerball 23'
Didi Soccerball 30'
Pinga Soccerball 34'43'
Julinho Soccerball 69'
Report
16 June 1954
18:00 (CET)
Yugoslavia Flag of SFR Yugoslavia 001.png 1–0 Flag of France.png France Stade Olympique de la Pontaise, Lausanne
Attendance: 16,000
Referee: Benjamin Griffiths (Wales)
Milutinović Soccerball 15' Report

19 June 1954
17:00 (CET)
Brazil Brazil.png 1–1 (a.e.t.) Flag of SFR Yugoslavia 001.png Yugoslavia Stade Olympique de la Pontaise, Lausanne
Attendance: 24,637
Referee: Charlie Faultless (Scotland)
Didi Soccerball 69' Report Zebec Soccerball 48'

19 June 1954
17:10 (CET)
France Flag of France.png 3–2 Flag of Mexico.png Mexico Charmilles Stadium, Geneva
Attendance: 19,000
Referee: Manuel Asensi (Spain)
Jean Vincent Soccerball 19'
Cárdenas Soccerball 49' (o.g.)
Kopa Soccerball 88' (pen.)
Report Lamadrid Soccerball 54'
Balcázar Soccerball 85'

Group 2

Team Pld W D L GF GA Pts
Flag of Hungary.png Hungary 22001734
Flag of Germany.svg West Germany 2101792
Flag of Turkey.png Turkey 2101842
South Korea.png South Korea 20020160
  • West Germany finished ahead of Turkey by winning a play-off
17 June 1954
18:00 (CET)
West Germany Flag of Germany.svg 4–1 Flag of Turkey.png Turkey Wankdorf Stadium, Bern
Attendance: 28,000
Referee: Jose da Costa Vieira (Portugal)
Schäfer Soccerball 14'
Klodt Soccerball 52'
O. Walter Soccerball 60'
Morlock Soccerball 84'
Report Suat Soccerball 2'
17 June 1954
18:00 (CET)
Hungary Flag of Hungary.png 9–0 South Korea.png South Korea Hardturm Stadium, Zürich
Attendance: 13,000
Referee: Raymond Vincenti (France)
Puskás Soccerball 12'89'
Lantos Soccerball 18'
Kocsis Soccerball 24'36'50'
Czibor Soccerball 59'
Palotás Soccerball 75'83'
Report

20 June 1954
16:50 (CET)
Hungary Flag of Hungary.png 8–3 Flag of Germany.svg West Germany St. Jakob Stadium, Basel
Attendance: 56,000
Referee: William Ling (England)
Kocsis Soccerball 3'21'69'78'
Puskás Soccerball 17'
Hidegkuti Soccerball 52'54'
J. Tóth Soccerball 75'
Report Pfaff Soccerball 25'
Rahn Soccerball 77'
Herrmann Soccerball 84'

20 June 1954
17:00 (CET)
Turkey Flag of Turkey.png 7–0 South Korea.png South Korea Charmilles Stadium, Geneva
Attendance: 4,000
Referee: Esteban Marino (Uruguay)
Suat Soccerball 10'30'
Lefter Soccerball 24'
Burhan Soccerball 37'64'70'
Erol Soccerball 76'
Report
Play-off
23 June 1954
18:00 (CET)
West Germany Flag of Germany.svg 7–2 Flag of Turkey.png Turkey Hardturm Stadium, Zürich
Attendance: 17,000
Referee: Raymond Vincenti (France)
O. Walter Soccerball 7'
Schäfer Soccerball 12'79'
Morlock Soccerball 30'60'77'
F. Walter Soccerball 62'
Report Mustafa Soccerball 21'
Lefter Soccerball 82'

Group 3

Team Pld W D L GF GA Pts
Flag of Uruguay.gif Uruguay 2200904
Flag of Austria.png Austria 2200604
Flag of Czech.jpg Czechoslovakia 2002070
Scotland.png Scotland 2002080
  • Uruguay finished ahead of Austria on drawing of lots
16 June 1954
18:00 (CET)
Uruguay Flag of Uruguay.gif 2–0 Flag of Czech.jpg Czechoslovakia Wankdorf Stadium, Bern
Attendance: 20,500
Referee: Arthur Ellis (England)
Míguez Soccerball 72'
Schiaffino Soccerball 81'
Report
16 June 1954
18:00 (CET)
Austria Flag of Austria.png 1–0 Scotland.png Scotland Hardturm Stadium, Zürich
Attendance: 25,000
Referee: Laurent Franken (Belgium)
Probst Soccerball 33' Report

19 June 1954
16:50 (CET)
Uruguay Flag of Uruguay.gif 7–0 Scotland.png Scotland St. Jakob Stadium, Basel
Attendance: 34,000
Referee: Vincenzo Orlandini (Italy)
Borges Soccerball 17'47'57'
Míguez Soccerball 30'83'
Abbadie Soccerball 54'85'
Report

19 June 1954
17:00 (CET)
Austria Flag of Austria.png 5–0 Flag of Czech.jpg Czechoslovakia Hardturm Stadium, Zürich
Attendance: 26,000
Referee: Vasa Stefanovic (Yugoslavia)
Stojaspal Soccerball 3'70'
Probst Soccerball 4'21'24'
Report

Group 4

Team Pld W D L GF GA Pts
England.png England 2110643
Switzerland.png Switzerland 2101232
Flag of Italy.gif Italy 2101532
Belgium.png Belgium 2011581
  • Switzerland finished ahead of Italy by winning a play-off
17 June 1954
17:50 (CET)
Switzerland Switzerland.png 2–1 Flag of Italy.gif Italy Stade Olympique de la Pontaise, Lausanne
Attendance: 43,000
Referee: Mario Vianna (Brazil)
Ballaman Soccerball 18'
Hügi Soccerball 78'
Report Boniperti Soccerball 44'

17 June 1954
18:10 (CET)
England England.png 4–4
(a.e.t.)
Belgium.png Belgium St. Jakob Stadium, Basel
Attendance: 14,000
Referee: Emil Schmetzer (West Germany)
Broadis Soccerball 26'63'
Lofthouse Soccerball 36'91'
Report Anoul Soccerball 5'71'
Coppens Soccerball 67'
Dickinson Soccerball 94' (o.g.)

20 June 1954
17:00 (CET)
Italy Flag of Italy.gif 4–1 Belgium.png Belgium Cornaredo Stadium, Lugano
Attendance: 24,000
Referee: Carl Erich Steiner (Austria)
Pandolfini Soccerball 41' (pen.)
Galli Soccerball 48'
Frignani Soccerball 58'
Lorenzi Soccerball 78'
Report Anoul Soccerball 81'

20 June 1954
17:10 (CET)
England England.png 2–0 Switzerland.png Switzerland Wankdorf Stadium, Bern
Attendance: 43,500
Referee: Istvan Zsolt (Hungary)
Mullen Soccerball 43'
Wilshaw Soccerball 69'
Report
Play-off
23 June 1954
18:00 (CET)
Switzerland Switzerland.png 4–1 Flag of Italy.gif Italy St. Jakob Stadium, Basel
Attendance: 30,000
Referee: Benjamin Griffiths (Wales)
Hügi Soccerball 14'85'
Ballaman Soccerball 48'
Fatton Soccerball 90'
Report Nesti Soccerball 67'

Knockout stage

Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
                   
27 June – Geneva        
 Flag of Germany.svg West Germany  2
30 June – Basel
 Flag of SFR Yugoslavia 001.png Yugoslavia  0  
 Flag of Germany.svg West Germany  6
26 June – Lausanne
     Flag of Austria.png Austria  1  
 Flag of Austria.png Austria  7
4 July – Bern
 Switzerland.png Switzerland  5  
 Flag of Germany.svg West Germany  3
27 June – Bern    
   Flag of Hungary.png Hungary  2
 Flag of Hungary.png Hungary  4
30 June – Lausanne
 Brazil.png Brazil  2  
 Flag of Hungary.png Hungary (a.e.t.)  4 Third place
26 June – Basel
     Flag of Uruguay.gif Uruguay  2   3 July – Zürich
 Flag of Uruguay.gif Uruguay  4
 Flag of Austria.png Austria  3
 England.png England  2  
 Flag of Uruguay.gif Uruguay  1
 

Quarter-finals

Main article: Austria v Switzerland (1954 FIFA World Cup)
26 June 1954
17:00 (CET)
Austria Flag of Austria.png 7–5 Switzerland.png Switzerland Stade Olympique de la Pontaise, Lausanne
Attendance: 35,000
Referee: Charlie Faultless (Scotland)
Wagner Soccerball 25'27'53'
R. Körner Soccerball 26'34'
Ocwirk Soccerball 32'
Probst Soccerball 76'
Report Ballaman Soccerball 16'39'
Hügi Soccerball 17'19'58'
26 June 1954
17:00 (CET)
Uruguay Flag of Uruguay.gif 4–2 England.png England St. Jakob Stadium, Basel
Attendance: 28,000
Referee: Carl Erich Steiner (Austria)
Borges Soccerball 5'
Varela Soccerball 39'
Schiaffino Soccerball 46'
Ambrois Soccerball 78'
Report Lofthouse Soccerball 16'
Finney Soccerball 67'

27 June 1954
17:00 (CET)
West Germany Flag of Germany.svg 2–0 Flag of SFR Yugoslavia 001.png Yugoslavia Charmilles Stadium, Geneva
Attendance: 17,000
Referee: Istvan Zsolt (Hungary)
Horvat Soccerball 9' (o.g.)
Rahn Soccerball 85'
Report
Main article: Battle of Berne (1954 FIFA World Cup)
27 June 1954
17:00 (CET)
Hungary Flag of Hungary.png 4–2 Brazil.png Brazil Wankdorf Stadium, Bern
Attendance: 40,000
Referee: Arthur Ellis (England)
Hidegkuti Soccerball 4'
Kocsis Soccerball 7'88'
Lantos Soccerball 60' (pen.)
Report Djalma Santos Soccerball 18' (pen.)
Julinho Soccerball 65'

Semi-finals

30 June 1954
18:00 (CET)
West Germany Flag of Germany.svg 6–1 Flag of Austria.png Austria St. Jakob Stadium, Basel
Attendance: 58,000
Referee: Vincenzo Orlandini (Italy)
Schäfer Soccerball 31'
Morlock Soccerball 47'
F. Walter Soccerball 54' (pen.)64' (pen.)
O. Walter Soccerball 61'89'
Report Probst Soccerball 51'
30 June 1954
18:00 (CET)
Hungary Flag of Hungary.png 4–2
(a.e.t.)
Flag of Uruguay.gif Uruguay Stade Olympique de la Pontaise, Lausanne
Attendance: 45,000
Referee: Benjamin Griffiths (Wales)
Czibor Soccerball 13'
Hidegkuti Soccerball 46'
Kocsis Soccerball 111'116'
Report Hohberg Soccerball 75'86'

Third-place match

3 July 1954
17:00 (CET)
Austria Flag of Austria.png 3–1 Flag of Uruguay.gif Uruguay Hardturm Stadium, Zürich
Attendance: 32,000
Referee: Raymon Wyssling (Switzerland)
Stojaspal Soccerball 16' (pen.)
Cruz Soccerball 59' (o.g.)
Ocwirk Soccerball 89'
Report Hohberg Soccerball 22'

Final

Main article: 1954 FIFA World Cup Final
4 July 1954
17:00 (CET)
West Germany Flag of Germany.svg 3–2 Flag of Hungary.png Hungary Wankdorf Stadium, Bern
Attendance: 62,472
Referee: William Ling (England)
Morlock Soccerball 10'
Rahn Soccerball 18'84'
Report Puskás Soccerball 6'
Czibor Soccerball 8'

Goalscorers

With 11 goals, Sándor Kocsis was the top scorer in the tournament. In total, 140 goals were scored by 63 different players, with four of them credited as own goals.

11 goals
6 goals
4 goals

3 goals

2 goals

1 goal

Own goals

FIFA retrospective ranking

In 1986, FIFA published a report that ranked all teams in each World Cup up to and including 1986, based on progress in the competition, overall results and quality of the opposition. The rankings for the 1954 tournament were as follows:

R Team G P W D L GF GA GD Pts.
1 Flag of Germany.svg West Germany 2 6 5 0 1 25 14 +11 10
2 Flag of Hungary.png Hungary 2 5 4 0 1 27 10 +17 8
3 Flag of Austria.png Austria 3 5 4 0 1 17 12 +5 8
4 Flag of Uruguay.gif Uruguay 3 5 3 0 2 16 9 +7 6
Eliminated in the quarter-finals
5 Switzerland.png Switzerland 4 4 2 0 2 11 11 0 4
6 Brazil.png Brazil 1 3 1 1 1 8 5 +3 3
7 England.png England 4 3 1 1 1 8 8 0 3
8 Flag of SFR Yugoslavia 001.png Yugoslavia 1 3 1 1 1 2 3 −1 3
Eliminated in the group stage
9 Flag of Turkey.png Turkey 2 3 1 0 2 10 11 −1 2
10 Flag of Italy.gif Italy 4 3 1 0 2 6 7 −1 2
11 Flag of France.png France 1 2 1 0 1 3 3 0 2
12 Belgium.png Belgium 4 2 0 1 1 5 8 −3 1
13 Flag of Mexico.png Mexico 1 2 0 0 2 2 8 −6 0
14 Flag of Czech.jpg Czechoslovakia 3 2 0 0 2 0 7 −7 0
15 Scotland.png Scotland 3 2 0 0 2 0 8 −8 0
16 South Korea.png South Korea 2 2 0 0 2 0 16 −16 0

In film

The final scene of Rainer Werner Fassbinder's film The Marriage of Maria Braun takes place during the finals of the 1954 World Cup; in the scene's background, the sports announcer is celebrating West Germany's victory and shouting "Deutschland ist wieder was!" (Germany is something again); the film uses this as the symbol of Germany's recovery from the ravages of the Second World War.

Sönke Wortmann's 2003 German box-office hit The Miracle of Bern (in German: Das Wunder von Bern) re-tells the story of the German team's route to victory through the eyes of a young boy who admires the key player of the final, Helmut Rahn.

External links

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