1954 FIFA World Cup
Tournament details
Host country Switzerland
Dates16 June – 4 July (19 days)
Teams16 (from 4 confederations)
Venue(s)(in 6 host cities)
Final positions
Champions West Germany (1st title)
Runner-up Hungary
Third place Austria
Fourth place Uruguay
Tournament statistics
Matches played26
Goals scored140 (5.38 per match)
Attendance768,607 (29,562 per match)
Top scorer(s)Flag of Hungary Sándor Kocsis (11 goals)
1950
1958

The 1954 FIFA World Cup, the fifth staging of the FIFA World Cup, was held in Switzerland from 16 June to 4 July. Switzerland was chosen as hosts in July 1946. The tournament set a number of all-time records for goal-scoring, including the highest average goals scored per game. The tournament was won by West Germany, who defeated Hungary 3–2 in the final, giving them their first title.

Host selection

Switzerland was awarded the tournament unopposed on 22 July 1946, the same day that Brazil was selected for the 1950 World Cup, in Luxembourg City.

Qualification

Main article: 1954 FIFA World Cup qualification

The hosts (Switzerland) and the defending champions (Uruguay) qualified automatically. Of the remaining 14 places, 11 were allocated to Europe (including Egypt, Turkey and Israel), two to the Americas, and one to Asia.

Scotland, Turkey and South Korea made their World Cup debuts at this tournament (Turkey and Scotland had qualified for the 1950 competition but both withdrew). Austria appeared for the first time since 1934. Turkey would not participate at a finals again until the 2002 competition, while South Korea's next appearance would be in 1986.

The third and fourth place teams from 1950, Sweden and Spain, both failed to qualify. In a shock result, Spain was eliminated by Turkey: after the two countries had tied a three-game series, Turkey progressed by drawing of lots.

German teams were allowed to qualify again, after having been banned from the 1950 FIFA World Cup. West Germany qualified against fellow Germans from the Saarland (which then was a French protectorate), while East Germany had not entered, cancelling international football games after the East German uprising of 1953. Argentina declined to participate for the third World Cup in succession.

Summary

Format

The 1954 tournament used a unique format. The sixteen qualifying teams were divided into four groups of four teams each. Each group contained two seeded teams and two unseeded teams. Only four matches were scheduled for each group, each pitting a seeded team against an unseeded team. This contrasts with the usual round-robin in which every team plays every other team: six matches in each group. Another oddity was that extra time, which in most tournaments is not employed at the group stage, was played in the group games if the score was level after 90 minutes, with the result being a draw if the scores were still level after 120 minutes.

Two points were awarded for a win and one for a draw. The two teams with the most points from each group progressed to the knockout stage. If the first and second placed teams were level on points, lots were drawn to decide which team would top the group. However, if the second and third placed teams were level on points, there was a play-off to decide which team would progress to the next stage.

It turned out that two of the four groups required play-offs, and the other two required drawing of lots between the two top teams. The play-offs were between Switzerland and Italy, and Turkey and West Germany: in both matches the unseeded teams (Switzerland and West Germany) repeated earlier victories against the seeds (Italy and Turkey) to progress. In the other two groups, lots were drawn to determine the first-place teams: resulting in Uruguay and Brazil finishing above Austria and Yugoslavia, respectively.

A further unusual feature of the format was that the four group-winning teams were drawn against each other in the knockout stages to produce one finalist, and the four second-placed teams played against each other to produce the second finalist. In subsequent tournaments it has become customary to draw group winners against second-placed teams in the first knockout round.

In any knockout game tied after 90 minutes, 30 minutes of extra time were played. If the scores had still been level after extra time, in any knockout game other than the final, lots would have been drawn to decide which team progressed. However, if the final had been tied after extra time, it would have been replayed, with lots deciding the winner only if the replay was also tied after extra time. In the event, all the knockout games were decided in either normal time or extra time, with no replays or drawing of lots being required.

Venues

Six venues in six cities (1 venue in each city) hosted the tournament's 26 matches. The most used stadium was the St. Jakob stadium in Basel, which hosted 6 matches. The venues in Bern, Zurich and Lausanne each hosted 5 matches, the venue in Geneva hosted 4 matches and the venue in Lugano only hosted 1 match.

Basel Bern Geneva
St. Jakob Stadium Wankdorf Stadium
(upgraded)
Charmilles Stadium
Capacity: 54,800 Capacity: 64,600 Capacity: 35,997
Wankdorf demolition 1.jpg Ouches oct 2008 (21).jpg
Lausanne Lugano Zürich
Stade Olympique de la Pontaise
(upgraded)
Cornaredo Stadium Hardturm Stadium
Capacity: 50,300 Capacity: 35,800 Capacity: 34,800
Stade Olympique.jpg Hardturm retouched.jpg

Squads

For a list of all squads that appeared in the final tournament, see 1954 FIFA World Cup squads.

Match officials

Participants

Asia

Europe

North and Central America

South America

Results

First round

Group 1

Team Pld W D L GF GA Pts
 Brazil 2 1 1 0 6 1 3
 Yugoslavia 2 1 1 0 2 1 3
 France 2 1 0 1 3 3 2
 Mexico 2 0 0 2 2 8 0
  • Brazil finished ahead of Yugoslavia on drawing of lots
16 June 1954
18:00 (CET)
Brazil  5–0  Mexico Charmilles Stadium, Geneva
Attendance: 13,470
Referee: Raymon Wyssling (Switzerland)
Baltazar Goal 23'
Didi Goal 30'
Pinga Goal 34'43'
Julinho Goal 69'
Report
16 June 1954
18:00 (CET)
Yugoslavia  1–0  France Stade Olympique de la Pontaise, Lausanne
Attendance: 16,000
Referee: Benjamin Griffiths (Wales)
Milutinović Goal 15' Report

19 June 1954
17:00 (CET)
Brazil  1–1 (a.e.t.)  Yugoslavia Stade Olympique de la Pontaise, Lausanne
Attendance: 24,637
Referee: Charlie Faultless (Scotland)
Didi Goal 69' Report Zebec Goal 48'

19 June 1954
17:10 (CET)
France  3–2  Mexico Charmilles Stadium, Geneva
Attendance: 19,000
Referee: Manuel Asensi (Spain)
Jean Vincent Goal 19'
Cárdenas Goal 49' (o.g.)
Kopa Goal 88' (pen.)
Report Lamadrid Goal 54'
Balcázar Goal 85'

Group 2

Team Pld W D L GF GA Pts
 Hungary 2 2 0 0 17 3 4
 West Germany 2 1 0 1 7 9 2
 Turkey 2 1 0 1 8 4 2
 South Korea 2 0 0 2 0 16 0
  • West Germany finished ahead of Turkey by winning a play-off
17 June 1954
18:00 (CET)
West Germany  4–1  Turkey Wankdorf Stadium, Bern
Attendance: 28,000
Referee: Jose da Costa Vieira (Portugal)
Schäfer Goal 14'
Klodt Goal 52'
O. Walter Goal 60'
Morlock Goal 84'
Report Suat Goal 2'
17 June 1954
18:00 (CET)
Hungary  9–0  South Korea Hardturm Stadium, Zürich
Attendance: 13,000
Referee: Raymond Vincenti (France)
Puskás Goal 12'89'
Lantos Goal 18'
Kocsis Goal 24'36'50'
Czibor Goal 59'
Palotás Goal 75'83'
Report

20 June 1954
16:50 (CET)
Hungary  8–3  West Germany St. Jakob Stadium, Basel
Attendance: 56,000
Referee: William Ling (England)
Kocsis Goal 3'21'69'78'
Puskás Goal 17'
Hidegkuti Goal 52'54'
J. Tóth Goal 75'
Report Pfaff Goal 25'
Rahn Goal 77'
Herrmann Goal 84'

20 June 1954
17:00 (CET)
Turkey  7–0  South Korea Charmilles Stadium, Geneva
Attendance: 4,000
Referee: Esteban Marino (Uruguay)
Suat Goal 10'30'
Lefter Goal 24'
Burhan Goal 37'64'70'
Erol Goal 76'
Report
Play-off
23 June 1954
18:00 (CET)
West Germany  7–2  Turkey Hardturm Stadium, Zürich
Attendance: 17,000
Referee: Raymond Vincenti (France)
O. Walter Goal 7'
Schäfer Goal 12'79'
Morlock Goal 30'60'77'
F. Walter Goal 62'
Report Mustafa Goal 21'
Lefter Goal 82'

Group 3

Team Pld W D L GF GA Pts
 Uruguay 2 2 0 0 9 0 4
 Austria 2 2 0 0 6 0 4
 Czechoslovakia 2 0 0 2 0 7 0
 Scotland 2 0 0 2 0 8 0
  • Uruguay finished ahead of Austria on drawing of lots
16 June 1954
18:00 (CET)
Uruguay  2–0  Czechoslovakia Wankdorf Stadium, Bern
Attendance: 20,500
Referee: Arthur Ellis (England)
Míguez Goal 72'
Schiaffino Goal 81'
Report
16 June 1954
18:00 (CET)
Austria  1–0  Scotland Hardturm Stadium, Zürich
Attendance: 25,000
Referee: Laurent Franken (Belgium)
Probst Goal 33' Report

19 June 1954
16:50 (CET)
Uruguay  7–0  Scotland St. Jakob Stadium, Basel
Attendance: 34,000
Referee: Vincenzo Orlandini (Italy)
Borges Goal 17'47'57'
Míguez Goal 30'83'
Abbadie Goal 54'85'
Report

19 June 1954
17:00 (CET)
Austria  5–0  Czechoslovakia Hardturm Stadium, Zürich
Attendance: 26,000
Referee: Vasa Stefanovic (Yugoslavia)
Stojaspal Goal 3'70'
Probst Goal 4'21'24'
Report

Group 4

Team Pld W D L GF GA Pts
 England 2 1 1 0 6 4 3
 Switzerland 2 1 0 1 2 3 2
 Italy 2 1 0 1 5 3 2
 Belgium 2 0 1 1 5 8 1
  • Switzerland finished ahead of Italy by winning a play-off
17 June 1954
17:50 (CET)
Switzerland  2–1  Italy Stade Olympique de la Pontaise, Lausanne
Attendance: 43,000
Referee: Mario Vianna (Brazil)
Ballaman Goal 18'
Hügi Goal 78'
Report Boniperti Goal 44'

17 June 1954
18:10 (CET)
England  4–4
(a.e.t.)
 Belgium St. Jakob Stadium, Basel
Attendance: 14,000
Referee: Emil Schmetzer (West Germany)
Broadis Goal 26'63'
Lofthouse Goal 36'91'
Report Anoul Goal 5'71'
Coppens Goal 67'
Dickinson Goal 94' (o.g.)

20 June 1954
17:00 (CET)
Italy  4–1  Belgium Cornaredo Stadium, Lugano
Attendance: 24,000
Referee: Carl Erich Steiner (Austria)
Pandolfini Goal 41' (pen.)
Galli Goal 48'
Frignani Goal 58'
Lorenzi Goal 78'
Report Anoul Goal 81'

20 June 1954
17:10 (CET)
England  2–0  Switzerland Wankdorf Stadium, Bern
Attendance: 43,500
Referee: Istvan Zsolt (Hungary)
Mullen Goal 43'
Wilshaw Goal 69'
Report
Play-off
23 June 1954
18:00 (CET)
Switzerland  4–1  Italy St. Jakob Stadium, Basel
Attendance: 30,000
Referee: Benjamin Griffiths (Wales)
Hügi Goal 14'85'
Ballaman Goal 48'
Fatton Goal 90'
Report Nesti Goal 67'

Knockout stage

Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
                   
27 June – Geneva        
  West Germany  2
30 June – Basel
  Yugoslavia  0  
  West Germany  6
26 June – Lausanne
      Austria  1  
  Austria  7
4 July – Bern
  Switzerland  5  
  West Germany  3
27 June – Bern    
    Hungary  2
  Hungary  4
30 June – Lausanne
  Brazil  2  
  Hungary (a.e.t.)  4 Third place
26 June – Basel
      Uruguay  2   3 July – Zürich
  Uruguay  4
  Austria  3
  England  2  
  Uruguay  1
 

Quarter-finals

Main article: Austria v Switzerland (1954 FIFA World Cup)
26 June 1954
17:00 (CET)
Austria  7–5  Switzerland Stade Olympique de la Pontaise, Lausanne
Attendance: 35,000
Referee: Charlie Faultless (Scotland)
Wagner Goal 25'27'53'
R. Körner Goal 26'34'
Ocwirk Goal 32'
Probst Goal 76'
Report Ballaman Goal 16'39'
Hügi Goal 17'19'58'
26 June 1954
17:00 (CET)
Uruguay  4–2  England St. Jakob Stadium, Basel
Attendance: 28,000
Referee: Carl Erich Steiner (Austria)
Borges Goal 5'
Varela Goal 39'
Schiaffino Goal 46'
Ambrois Goal 78'
Report Lofthouse Goal 16'
Finney Goal 67'

27 June 1954
17:00 (CET)
West Germany  2–0  Yugoslavia Charmilles Stadium, Geneva
Attendance: 17,000
Referee: Istvan Zsolt (Hungary)
Horvat Goal 9' (o.g.)
Rahn Goal 85'
Report
Main article: Battle of Berne (1954 FIFA World Cup)
27 June 1954
17:00 (CET)
Hungary  4–2  Brazil Wankdorf Stadium, Bern
Attendance: 40,000
Referee: Arthur Ellis (England)
Hidegkuti Goal 4'
Kocsis Goal 7'88'
Lantos Goal 60' (pen.)
Report Djalma Santos Goal 18' (pen.)
Julinho Goal 65'

Semi-finals

30 June 1954
18:00 (CET)
West Germany  6–1  Austria St. Jakob Stadium, Basel
Attendance: 58,000
Referee: Vincenzo Orlandini (Italy)
Schäfer Goal 31'
Morlock Goal 47'
F. Walter Goal 54' (pen.)64' (pen.)
O. Walter Goal 61'89'
Report Probst Goal 51'
30 June 1954
18:00 (CET)
Hungary  4–2
(a.e.t.)
 Uruguay Stade Olympique de la Pontaise, Lausanne
Attendance: 45,000
Referee: Benjamin Griffiths (Wales)
Czibor Goal 13'
Hidegkuti Goal 46'
Kocsis Goal 111'116'
Report Hohberg Goal 75'86'

Third-place match

3 July 1954
17:00 (CET)
Austria  3–1  Uruguay Hardturm Stadium, Zürich
Attendance: 32,000
Referee: Raymon Wyssling (Switzerland)
Stojaspal Goal 16' (pen.)
Cruz Goal 59' (o.g.)
Ocwirk Goal 89'
Report Hohberg Goal 22'

Final

Main article: 1954 FIFA World Cup Final
4 July 1954
17:00 (CET)
West Germany  3–2  Hungary Wankdorf Stadium, Bern
Attendance: 62,472
Referee: William Ling (England)
Morlock Goal 10'
Rahn Goal 18'84'
Report Puskás Goal 6'
Czibor Goal 8'

Goalscorers

With 11 goals, Sándor Kocsis was the top scorer in the tournament. In total, 140 goals were scored by 63 different players, with four of them credited as own goals.

11 goals
6 goals
4 goals

3 goals

2 goals

1 goal

Own goals

FIFA retrospective ranking

In 1986, FIFA published a report that ranked all teams in each World Cup up to and including 1986, based on progress in the competition, overall results and quality of the opposition. The rankings for the 1954 tournament were as follows:

R Team G P W D L GF GA GD Pts.
1  West Germany 2 6 5 0 1 25 14 +11 10
2  Hungary 2 5 4 0 1 27 10 +17 8
3  Austria 3 5 4 0 1 17 12 +5 8
4  Uruguay 3 5 3 0 2 16 9 +7 6
Eliminated in the quarter-finals
5  Switzerland 4 4 2 0 2 11 11 0 4
6  Brazil 1 3 1 1 1 8 5 +3 3
7  England 4 3 1 1 1 8 8 0 3
8  Yugoslavia 1 3 1 1 1 2 3 −1 3
Eliminated in the group stage
9  Turkey 2 3 1 0 2 10 11 −1 2
10  Italy 4 3 1 0 2 6 7 −1 2
11  France 1 2 1 0 1 3 3 0 2
12  Belgium 4 2 0 1 1 5 8 −3 1
13  Mexico 1 2 0 0 2 2 8 −6 0
14  Czechoslovakia 3 2 0 0 2 0 7 −7 0
15  Scotland 3 2 0 0 2 0 8 −8 0
16  South Korea 2 2 0 0 2 0 16 −16 0

In film

The final scene of Rainer Werner Fassbinder's film The Marriage of Maria Braun takes place during the finals of the 1954 World Cup; in the scene's background, the sports announcer is celebrating West Germany's victory and shouting "Deutschland ist wieder was!" (Germany is something again); the film uses this as the symbol of Germany's recovery from the ravages of the Second World War.

Sönke Wortmann's 2003 German box-office hit The Miracle of Bern (in German: Das Wunder von Bern) re-tells the story of the German team's route to victory through the eyes of a young boy who admires the key player of the final, Helmut Rahn.

External links

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